A massive solar storm or geomagnetic storm is expected to hit Earth today as a coronal hole has opened in the sun, causing the release of vast swarm of cosmic forces particles. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) said that the storm could cause a northern lights or northern lights when it arrives. NOAA classified the storm as G-1
Here are some things you need to know about the solar storm:
1. Experts believe that the consequences of the storm could be far more serious than the appearance of the polar lights.
. 2 Scientists have warned that the solar storm could affect Earth's satellite-based technology. In layman's terms, the planet could experience a partial tech blackout.
. 3 Solar winds, which are a stream of particles from the sun, can heat the outer atmosphere of the earth so that it can expand. This can affect satellites in orbit, resulting in a lack of GPS navigation and mobile signal.
. 4 Particle flow can also lead to high currents in the magnetosphere, which can lead to a higher than normal current in power lines, resulting in power outages.
. 5 The higher levels of radiation also make people more susceptible to cancer.
. 6 Earth's magnetic field largely protects humans from the flood of radiation, but solar storms can affect satellite-based technology.
. 7 In addition, a surge of particles can lead to high currents in the magnetosphere, which can lead to a higher than normal current in power lines, which causes electrical transformers and power plants to burst and lead to a loss of power.
What is a geomagnetic storm? ?
. 1 A geomagnetic storm is a major disruption of the earth's magnetosphere that occurs when a very efficient exchange of energy from the solar wind takes place in the space surrounding the Earth.
. 2 These storms result from fluctuations in the solar wind that cause large changes in the currents, plasmas, and fields in the earth's magnetosphere.
. 3 The solar wind conditions that are effective for the generation of geomagnetic storms are (for several to many hours) periods of fast solar wind and, most importantly, a southward solar wind magnetic field (opposite to the direction of the Earth's field) on the daytime side of the magnetosphere , This condition is effective for the transfer of energy from the solar wind into the magnetosphere of the earth.
. 4 The largest storms resulting from these conditions are associated with solar coronal mass ejections (CMEs), in which approximately one billion tonnes of plasma from the sun, with its embedded magnetic field, reach the earth.
. 5 CMEs typically take several days to arrive on Earth, but were observed as some of the heaviest storms could be reached in just 18 hours.