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Many people still hesitate to get vaccinated, but are unwilling to relieve



In a county in North Carolina, few people come for the COVID-19 vaccination, so hospitals there now allow people 16 years of age or older to be vaccinated, regardless of where they are. The governor said, shoot and get donuts for free.

Alabama’s vaccination rate is the lowest in the United States, and only 7% of the county’s residents have been fully vaccinated. The state launched a campaign to convince people that it is safe to vaccinate. Doctors and pastors are also involved.

At the national level, the Biden administration this week launched the “We Can Do It”

; campaign to encourage detainees to be vaccinated against the virus that has claimed more than 550,000 lives in the United States

The race to get as many people as possible vaccinated is ongoing, but so far, even in many of their places, many Americans are reluctant to take the shot. According to a new poll by the Associated Press-NORC Public Affairs Research Center, 25% of Americans say they may or definitely won’t get the vaccine.

They are cautious about possible side effects. They are often Republicans and are usually younger. If they are infected with COVID-19, they are less likely to become seriously ill or dying.

However, since the first few weeks of the largest vaccination campaign in the history of the United States, which began in mid-December, some subtle changes have taken place. A poll conducted by AP-NORC in late January showed that 67% of adult Americans are willing to be vaccinated or have received at least one shot. Now this number has risen to 75%.

Experts say this has made the country more susceptible to cattle immunity, which can happen when enough people are immune to vaccines or past infections to prevent the disease from spreading uncontrollably.

Ali Mokdad, professor of health indicators science at the University of Washington School of Public Health, said that 75% to 85% of the total population should be vaccinated to achieve cattle immunity, including 75% to 85% of the total population. .

More than three months after the first dose, about 100 million Americans (about 30% of the population) received at least one dose.

Andrea Richmond, a 26-year-old freelance web programmer in Atlanta, is one of them. A few weeks ago, Richmond tended not to be shot. The possible long-term effects worried her. She knew that the H1N1 vaccine used in Europe a few years ago would increase the risk of narcolepsy.

Then her sister was vaccinated with no adverse effects. The views of Richmond’s friends also changed.

“They went from’I don’t trust this’ to’I’m crazy, let’s get out!'”

Richmond’s mother is a cancer survivor. Her mother is very keen to vaccinate her daughter, so she signed a poking application online.

Richmond said: “I might accept it eventually.” “I think it’s my civic duty.”

But some people still firmly oppose it.

“I think I only caught a cold once,” said Lori Mansour, 67, who lives near Rockford, Illinois. “So I think I will seize the opportunity.”

In the latest opinion polls, Republicans are still more likely than Democrats to say that they may or will not be vaccinated, 36% and 12%, respectively. However, today’s Republicans are reluctant. In January, 44% of people said they would avoid the vaccine.

This hesitation can be seen in rural Winston County, Alabama, where 96% of white people are white, and more than 90% of voters supported then President Donald Trump last year. Only 6.9% of the county’s approximately 24,000 residents received full vaccination, the lowest level in Alabama.

Elsewhere in Alabama, health officials tried to solve some of the problems, including reluctance to black communities, where there was a deep sense of distrust of government medical programs. They targeted vaccination and targeted several counties, especially in the old plantation area, where a large proportion of the population is black and many people are poor.

The campaign recruited doctors and pastors, and used virtual meetings and broadcasts for publicity.

Assistant State Health Officer Dr. Karen Landers said this effort has yielded positive results. For example, in Perry County, 68% of the approximately 9,300 population is black, and more than 16% of the highest population is fully vaccinated. She said officials may make similar efforts for other parts of the state.

Across the country, 24% of black Americans and 22% of Hispanics said they may or definitely will not be vaccinated, down from 41% and 34% in January, respectively. Among white Americans, 26% now say they will not be vaccinated. In January, the figure was 31%.

The Biden administration’s campaign features television and social media advertisements. Celebrities, communities and religious figures also participated.

Iowa Governor Kevin Reynolds is trying to win over one-third of Iowa adults who will work on vaccinations to help them return to normal lives.

In Cumberland County, North Carolina, less than one in six residents got at least one shot.

Fearing that there will be unused excess vaccines, the hospital system at Fear Valley Health Hospital opened the vaccine to everyone over 16 years old last week.

Chris Tart, vice president of the Cape Fear Valley Health Department, said: “We want to give more people the opportunity to get the vaccine instead of not using the dose.” “We hope this will encourage more people to roll up their sleeves.”

On Wednesday, Democratic Governor Roy Cooper tweeted a video that recorded him getting free donuts from the Krispy Kreme chain. Customers who present their vaccine card will get free donuts every day for the remainder of the year.

“Do it today, guys!” Cooper encouraged the audience. State data show that nearly 36% of North Carolina adults have received at least some vaccinations.

Young people are more likely to give up trying. Among people under 45, 31% said they might or definitely give up trying. Among people 60 years and older, only 12% said they would not be vaccinated.

Ronni Peck, a 40-year-old three-year-old mother from Los Angeles, is one of the people who plan to avoid vaccination at least until now. She is concerned that the long-term health effects of vaccines have not yet been studied. She felt that some friends did not approve of her position.

Peck said: “But I no longer care about whether I feel isolated, but learned to spend more time caring about whether I am doing the right thing for myself and my children.”

Deborah Fuller, a professor at the University of Washington School of Medicine, said that if the herd immunity cannot be reached quickly, a more realistic goal may be to vaccinate at least 50% of the population by this summer, and among them The vaccination rate is higher. Easiest to reduce serious illness, hospitalization and death.

Fuller said: “In this case, the virus will continue to exist in the population, but it is no longer a major health threat that burdens our medical system.”

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Selski reports from Salem, Oregon. Washington reports. Webb reports from Los Angeles. The Associated Press writers, Brian Anderson of Raleigh, North Carolina, and Jay Reeves of Birmingham, Alabama, also contributed to this story.

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From March 26th to 29th, AP-NORC conducted a poll of 1,166 adults, using samples from NORC’s probability-based AmeriSpeak panel, which is designed to represent the American population. The margin of sampling error for all respondents was plus or minus 3.6 percentage points.


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