In a county in North Carolina, few people come for the COVID-19 vaccination, so the hospital there now allows people over 16 to get the shot, no matter where they live. The governor said, shoot and get donuts for free.
Alabama’s vaccination rate is the lowest in the United States, and only 7% of the county’s residents have been fully vaccinated. The state has launched a campaign to convince people that it is safe to vaccinate. Doctors and pastors are also involved.
At the national level, the Biden administration launched the “We Can Do It” campaign this week to encourage detainees to be vaccinated against the virus that has claimed more than 550,000 lives in the United States
The race to get as many people as possible vaccinated is ongoing, but so far, even in many of their places, many Americans are reluctant to take the shot. According to a new poll by the Associated Press-NORC Public Affairs Research Center, 25% of Americans say they may or definitely won̵
They are cautious about possible side effects. They are often Republicans and are usually younger. If they are infected with COVID-19, they are less likely to become seriously ill or dying.
However, since the first week of the largest vaccination campaign in the history of the United States, which began in mid-December, some subtle changes have taken place. A poll conducted by AP-NORC in late January showed that 67% of adult Americans are willing to be vaccinated or have received at least one shot. Now this number has risen to 75%.
Experts say this makes the country more inclined to cattle immunity, which occurs when enough people are immune to vaccines or past infections to prevent the disease from spreading uncontrollably.
Ali Mokdad, professor of health indicators science at the University of Washington’s School of Public Health, said that 75% to 85% of the total population (including children who have not yet been shot) should be vaccinated to achieve herd immunity.
More than three months after the first dose, about 100 million Americans (about 30% of the population) received at least one dose.
Andrea Richmond, a 26-year-old freelance web programmer in Atlanta, is one of those unwilling to relax. A few weeks ago, Richmond tended not to be shot. The possible long-term effects worried her. She knew that the H1N1 vaccine used in Europe a few years ago would increase the risk of narcolepsy.
Then her sister was vaccinated and there were no adverse effects. The views of Richmond’s friends also changed.
“They went from’I don’t trust this’ to’I’m crazy, let’s get out!'”
Her mother is a cancer survivor living in Richmond. She is very keen to vaccinate her daughter, so she signed a poking application online.
Richmond said: “I might accept it eventually. I think it’s my civic duty.”
But some people still firmly oppose it.
“I think I only caught a cold once,” said 67-year-old Lori Mansour, who lives near Rockford, Illinois. “So I think I will seize the opportunity.”
In the latest opinion polls, Republicans are still more likely than Democrats to say that they may or will not be vaccinated, 36% and 12%, respectively. However, today Republicans are reluctant. In January, 44% of people said they would avoid the vaccine.
This hesitation can be seen in rural Winston County, Alabama, where 96% of white people are white, and last year more than 90% of voters supported then President Donald Trump. Only 6.9% of the county’s approximately 24,000 residents received full vaccination, the lowest level in Alabama.
Elsewhere in Alabama, health officials tried to solve some problems, including reluctance to black communities, where there was a deep sense of mistrust in government medical programs. The counties where they targeted pre-vaccination information, especially in the old plantation areas, where a large part of the population is black and many people are poor.
The campaign recruited doctors and pastors, and used virtual meetings and broadcasts for publicity.
Assistant State Health Officer Dr. Karen Landers said this effort has yielded positive results. For example, in Perry County, 68% of the approximately 9,300 population is black, and more than 16% of the highest population is fully vaccinated. She said officials may make similar efforts for other parts of the state.
Across the country, 24% of black Americans and 22% of Hispanics said they may or definitely will not be vaccinated, down from 41% and 34% in January, respectively. Among white Americans, 26% now say they will not be vaccinated. In January, the figure was 31%.
The Biden administration’s campaign features television and social media advertisements. Celebrities, communities and religious figures are also involved.
Iowa Governor Kevin Reynolds is trying to win over one-third of Iowa adults who will work on vaccinations to help them return to normal lives.
In Cumberland County, North Carolina, less than one in six residents got at least one shot.
Fearing that there will be unused excess vaccines, the hospital system at Fear Valley Health Hospital opened the vaccine to everyone over 16 years old last week.
Chris Tart, vice president of the Cape Fear Valley Health Department, said: “We want more people to have access to the vaccine instead of not using the dose.” “We hope this will encourage more people to roll up their sleeves.”
On Wednesday, Democratic Governor Roy Cooper tweeted a video that recorded him getting free donuts from the Krispy Kreme chain. Customers who present their vaccine card will get free donuts every day for the remainder of the year.
“Do it today, guys!” Cooper encouraged the audience. State data show that nearly 36% of North Carolina adults have received at least some vaccinations.
Young people are more likely to give up trying. Among people under 45, 31% said they might or definitely give up trying. Among people 60 years of age and older, only 12% said they would not be vaccinated.
Ronni Peck, 40, from Los Angeles, is a three-year-old mother, and she is one of those people who plan to avoid vaccination at least until now. She worries that the effects of vaccines on long-term health have not been studied yet. She felt that some friends did not approve of her position.
Peck said: “But I no longer care about whether I feel excluded, but learned to spend more time caring about whether I am doing the right thing for myself and my children.”
Deborah Fuller, a professor at the University of Washington School of Medicine, said that if the herd immunity level cannot be reached soon, then a more realistic goal may be to vaccinate at least 50% of the population by this summer, and vaccinated The vaccination rate among humans is higher. Easiest to reduce serious illness, hospitalization and death.
Fuller said: “In this case, the virus will continue to exist in the population, but it will no longer be a major health threat to our medical system.”
Selski reports from Salem, Oregon. Washington reports. Webb reports from Los Angeles. The Associated Press writers, Brian Anderson of Raleigh, North Carolina, and Jay Reeves of Birmingham, Alabama, also contributed to this story.
From March 26th to 29th, AP-NORC conducted a poll of 1,166 adults, using samples from NORC’s probability-based AmeriSpeak panel, which is designed to represent the American population. The margin of sampling error for all respondents was plus or minus 3.6 percentage points.