After a series of successful spaces task In the past year, 2021 has promised some exciting new international exploration projects.
Three countries have launched spacecraft designed to begin exploring Mars in 2021.
NASA expects its explorer named “Perseverance” to land on the “Red Planet” on February 18. The task of the explorer or rover is to “look for signs of life and collect rocks and soil.” sample,” NASA said.
Hengxin is NASA’s fifth Mars explorer. It carries a small experimental helicopter named Ingenuity. This device will be the first to test the capabilities of this spacecraft on other planets. An important experiment will test a device designed to capture carbon dioxide from the Martian atmosphere and convert it into oxygen.
China’s Tiantian-1 spacecraft was launched in July last year, and its mission is to find water images on Mars. It is also expected to reach Mars in February. The spacecraft will attempt to land on Planitia, a large flat area in the northern half of the earth. After arriving there, Tianwen-1 will deploy a rover for exploration.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) launched hope Detect July 2020. Explorers will also arrive at the “Red Planet” next month. The country describes “Hope” as “the first probe that provides a comprehensive understanding of the Martian atmosphere and its features” Number of layers. “
The mission will study the climate and weather activities in the lower atmosphere of Mars. The UAE Space Agency said it hopes to also observe and study the hydrogen and oxygen in the upper atmosphere of Mars.
The new spacecraft will be tested
Boeing is expected to conduct another unmanned flight test of its Starliner spacecraft. The company was selected by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and SpaceX of the United States as the commercial crew program. The program uses private spacecraft to transport American astronauts to the International Space Station (ISS). SpaceX has completed two successful manned space missions.
If Boeing’s unmanned pilot test goes on smoothly, then the company is expected to continue with Starliner’s first crew test flight.
NASA said it plans to complete the final preparations for the first flight of its Space Launch System (SLS) rocket and Orion spacecraft for launch sometime in the fall. The flight will be the first unmanned test flight of SLS and Orion. The goal is to complete a one-month mission to orbit the moon.
The test is part of NASA’s Artemis program, which aims to land the first woman and the next man on the moon by 2024. The long-term goal of the plan is to establish a continuous human presence on the moon.
NASA tests planetary defense
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) stated in late July that it would target Asteroid. This mission is called the Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART). It will send a spacecraft to deliberately hit the asteroid at high speed in an attempt to change the asteroid’s orbit in space. The target is the near-Earth asteroid Didymos.Action will only be a test of defense ability, Because Didymos has no threat to the earth.
NASA plans to launch its Lucy space mission in October. The purpose of this operation is to study unusual objects orbiting Jupiter, which are called Trojan asteroids. NASA said the mission will involve eight asteroid trips in twelve years.
Also in October, NASA planned to launch its James Webb Space Telescope, which was delayed several times. It is the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) replacing the Hubble Space Telescope (which has been in operation for 30 years).
James Webb is a large infrared telescope, nearly seven meters mirror Used to observe the space. NASA stated that the mission is designed to go deep into space and provide more answers about the past of the universe than any other spacecraft.
This is Brian Lynn.
According to reports from The Associated Press, Reuters and NASA, Bryan Lynn wrote this story for the Voice of America (VOA) to learn English. Little Mario Ritter is the editor.
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Words in this story
task – . The flight of a spacecraft to perform a specific task or job
sample – . A few things can provide information about its origin
Detect – . Vehicles used to carefully inspect or observe objects
Floor – . The level of things scattered in a certain area
Asteroid – . Asteroids or space rocks orbiting the sun
ability – . The ability to do a job or task
mirror – . A piece of glass that reflects light or images