Jerry Rollins, the former military leader, was subsequently elected President of Ghana twice, who died at the age of 73 and ruled the country’s political life for two decades in the 1980s and 1990s.
In May 1979, Major Rollins of the Ghanaian Air Force raided the country’s political arena. Shortly before the planned election, he and a handful of military officers staged a failed coup against a corrupt and poorly reputable military government led by Gen Fred Akuffo.
Rollins is a member of a radical underground organization called the “Free Africa Movement”
It is foreseeable that the coup failed, and Rollins was arrested and sentenced to death in a military trial. But his outspoken comments about the country’s desperate need for a new era of social, political and economic justice angered his peers. On June 4, 1979, a group of soldiers forcibly released him and then executed him.
The second coup led by Rawlings against the Akuffo government was successful within a few weeks. His Armed Revolutionary Committee announced a war against corruption, especially between powerful military forces, and made it public by dissolving three former military heads of state, including Akuffo, and four other senior generals. Execution. These violent incidents have caused unprecedented earthquakes in Ghana’s political and social life. But what is very special is that after 112 days of elections, the civil government led by the respected judge Hilla Limann ended its long-term military rule.
However, only two years later, Rollins led the removal of Leman and his People’s Party in a New Year’s Eve coup. Rollins, chairman of the Interim National Defense Council, declared that this was not a “coup d’etat but a revolution” and promised to “change the country’s social and economic order”, speaking of “jihad” and giving power. people.
Jerry was born in Acra, Victoria Agbotui of Keta ewes and foreign chemist James of Castle Douglas in Kirkbright County · The son of James John. John refuses to recognize his son-this may be a factor in Jerry’s many character traits.
He studied at St. Joseph’s Catholic Elementary School and then at Ashmotah College in Accra. In 1967, he joined Teshie’s Military Academy and then entered the Air Force the following year. There, he became the best student on a supersonic plane and performed well in aerobatics. He graduated in 1969 and was appointed lieutenant in 1978.
By 1980, after 10 years of his military career, Rollins became a charismatic and fearless orator, popular among young soldiers and the radical, poor urban working class. At that moment of the growing economic crisis and the apparent inequality across the African continent, he captured the imagination of many countries outside of West Africa. He quickly gained enthusiastic followers in several African countries, including personal and the new PNDC regime’s commitment to bold economic and social reforms, and a foreign policy against imperialism, reminiscent of Ghana’s first post-independence. President Kwame Nkrumah (1960-64).
The Cuban leadership seized the opportunity to reignite the old relations of the Nkrumah era and provided support, especially in the areas of health and education. A school was opened in Cuba for Ghanaian children on the Youth Island and an Angola The children of the liberation movement opened schools in Mozambique, Namibia and Ethiopia. In the polarizing moment of the Cold War confrontation with Ronald Reagan, the young flying lieutenant pushed his military officer to the political axis. Reagan became the leader of the PNDC coup in Rawlings. America president.
The government of Ghana has close ties with the government of Angola, and then under the covert military attack of Washington’s alliance with apartheid South Africa. Rollins also worked in-depth with another charismatic military figure who launched a revolution in a coup in 1983-Thomas Sankara of Burkina Faso.
Ghana’s avant-garde political system and the middle class strongly opposed Rollins’ alliances, plans and speeches, and sought to overthrow him. In the first two years, three major conspiracies against his regime were discovered, involving the governments of the United States, Britain, and the Netherlands. In the mid-1980s, when Sharon Scranage, an employee of the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in Ghana, gave the names of many Ghanaians working for the CIA in Ghana to an intelligence officer in Ghana At that time, an embarrassing scandal broke out in the United States. They were deprived of their nationality and deported to settle in the United States.
However, in the early stages of the turmoil, he received the support of many intellectuals and scholars and proposed an ambitious economic recovery plan in order to seek fair deals between multinational companies and institutions. Changing the media; seeding the people’s and workers’ defense committees in the urban areas is a huge education and mobilization effort aimed at consolidating long-term political changes. Rawlins has an excellent populist color and also appears in remote rural areas, which is expected to bring about change.
However, this early boom hardly lasted. Soon after, Rollins’ Ghana chose to become a star student of the IMF’s neoliberal growth model, which defines policies throughout Africa. The revolutionary talk was over, and some of Rollins’ main early allies were sentenced to prison. Others left the country. Depression magnifies the sense of disillusionment.
By 1992, Rollins was preparing to resign from the military and lead a new party, the head of the National Democratic Congress, to conduct civil affairs. He sought personal recognition in politics, but never really gained recognition. However, according to the new constitution, multi-party system, and multi-ethnic politics flourished, Rawlings served as an incumbent member for two consecutive terms, until the end of his era in 2001, the average annual growth rate of NDC was 4.7%. It is worth mentioning that he did not try to change the constitution and extend his term like other leaders on the African continent and other regions.
Under the leadership of Rawlings, Ghana decisively moved towards today’s middle-income country, unrecognizable from the chaos of his previous corrupt and incompetent military government. Nkrumah embodies the young Rawlings’ dreams of a more equal society and African independence, which also makes it impossible to recognize. Nkrumah dreams of being taken by the United Kingdom and the United States. Deported from the country and died in exile.
After resigning after a peaceful and democratic change of government, Rollins was taken over by the then UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan (Kofi Annan) in a series of international positions. He led a campaign against malaria in Africa and was the special envoy of the African Union in Somalia. Rawlings may be the most at ease, because he joined the Thomas Sankara Foundation to commemorate the ideals of his friends, which was assassinated in 1987.
His wife Nana Konadu Agyeman (Nana Konadu Agyeman) married in 1977, and his three daughters Zanetor, Yaa Asantewaa and Amina and one son Kimathi survived.
• Political leader Jerry John Rawlings was born on June 22, 1947.Passed away on November 12, 2020