The rebellion started in 2017. It was originally initiated by an organization called Al-Sunna wa Jama’a by the locals. It was initially dissatisfied by the locals in Cabo Delgado, a densely forested province. Rich in mineral resources, including graphite and ruby mines on the border between Mozambique and Tanzania.
The organization was recognized as the Central African Province of the Islamic State in 2019, which also exists in the Democratic Republic of Congo. This year, the movement escalated further due to brutal attacks on civilians and the seizure of territory from the government.
Its biggest use was to occupy the port of Mocimboa da Praia in August. The group has seized territory near Palma further north, which is the main base for the International Energy Company̵
Human Rights Watch researcher Zenada Machado said that beheading was a common feature of Islamic State attacks in Mozambique. He estimated that most of the more than 2,000 civilians in the conflict had been beheaded.
She said: “They use machetes.” “Initially, they had specific targets when they attacked the village-state officials, teachers, nurses, local chiefs. Now it’s random.”
The exact details of the attack are difficult to determine because Mozambique bans journalists and human rights researchers from conflict areas, and most international aid agencies have fled.
After the Muidumbe attack, local news agency Pinnacle News reported that the militants had gathered 20 dead bodies on a football field in Muatide village, as well as victims in other locations, for a gruesome display, aimed at local communities. Fear.