The Biden administration is taking steps to rejoin the Iran nuclear agreement, and officials will hold high-level discussions with the signatories of the 2015 Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) to be signed in Vienna next week.
Although government officials have stated that they are still willing to engage in direct dialogue, it is expected that the United States and Iran will not face each other.
The Vienna meeting marked the most advanced step for the Biden team. The Biden team will engage with colleagues in Europe, Russia and China on the steps the United States can take to achieve “mutual benefit” between the United States and Iran.
This meeting is likely to cause rigorous scrutiny on Capitol Hill, where hundreds of lawmakers signed several letters to the president and the secretary of state. Anthony winkedAnthony Brinken Kerry said that the United States hopes that it can cooperate with China on climate issues. Brinken lifted the sanctions imposed on Trump Biden against officials of the International Criminal Court. They are worried about contact with Iran.
House Foreign Affairs Committee Gregory MeeksGregory Weldon Meeks (Gregory Weldon Meeks) Iran talks to propose a subtle dance for the Biden Team House team to repeal the 2002 War Power of Attorney. (DN.Y.), released support for conferences.
“Despite the first step, this is an important step. Close coordination with our European allies and regional partners for strong and wise diplomacy is the best way to prevent Iran from developing nuclear weapons and to restore full compliance with the Comprehensive Plan of Action. The best way.”
President BidenJoe Biden law maker Joe Biden (Leemakers) said that it is Biden’s job to resolve the border crisis. Trump called on Republicans to boycott the White House in the voting law dispute: Republicans have been “struggling to clarify a reason” against the basis of opposition Facility plan. Rejoining the transaction has been a priority foreign policy of his government. He was appointed as the U.S. special envoy to Iran, Robert Malley, an important member of the negotiating team that led to the 2015 agreement.
The agreement was negotiated during the Obama administration during Biden’s presidency. The agreement placed important but temporary restrictions on Iran’s nuclear capabilities in exchange for sanctions relief from the United States and the international community.
Critics argue that it is not enough to prevent Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons, and it has not addressed a series of vicious activities of the Islamic Republic, including its ballistic missile program, support for proxy combat forces throughout the Middle East, support for terrorism and human rights violation the behavior of.
140 Republicans in the House of Representatives wrote in a February letter to President Biden: “The United States must never again give up the leverage of bringing Iran back to the negotiating table, and must not face Iran’s nuclear and non-nuclear activities that must cease.” Oppose the return. JCPOA.
The former Trump administration imposed sanctions on Iran when it withdrew from the deal in May 2018 and added a series of other punitive measures as part of a “maximum pressure campaign” aimed at forcing Tehran to join the negotiating table to reach a stronger agreement .
Tehran insists that its nuclear program is peaceful, but nuclear observers say that the Islamic Republic may be only a few months away from making bombs. Iran began to increase uranium enrichment in 2019, breaking the terms of the JCPOA in retaliation for the sanctions imposed by the Trump administration at the time.
The Biden team and Iran are in a “who first” dilemma in terms of their requirements.
The United States has been worried that Iran will enrich uranium to 20%, which is much higher than the 3.67% transaction limit. When uranium is enriched to about 90%, it is considered weapon grade.
The Biden team called on Iran to reverse its uranium enrichment before easing sanctions. Tehran calls it a “beginner”.
The JCPOA signatories said in a statement issued in China on Friday that the meeting in Vienna will seek to establish a roadmap for the parties to take steps to restore compliance with the transaction, including determining “sanctions lifting and nuclear enforcement measures.” , France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom and Iran.
State Department Chief Deputy Spokesperson Jalena Porter told reporters that the United States will not foretell any specific sanctions to be lifted, but will discuss the reduction or exemption of sanctions during the meeting.
“We will talk about the nuclear steps Iran needs to take to resume compliance with the JCPOA. We will not preview any specific sanctions, but we will definitely say that she also said that the United States also needs to take measures to restore compliance to this state. , We will discuss.”
Naysan Rafati, a senior Iranian analyst at the International Crisis Group, said that Washington and Tehran have agreed to return to the JCPOA, but the road to mutual compliance is not easy.
He said: “The discussion may encounter challenges in the scope and order of nuclear and sanctions relief, as well as the skepticism of Washington and Tehran.”
Democratic and Republican lawmakers are trying to bridge their differences over the effectiveness of the JCPOA as part of the promotion of a united front against Iran’s so-called pursuit of nuclear weapons and destabilizing operations in the region.
Last month, 40 senators on both sides of the aisle wrote a letter to the president urging the use of all diplomatic and economic means to prevent Iran from developing the ability to acquire nuclear weapons.
There is no doubt about Iran’s policy towards the United States. Democrats and Republicans may have differences in tactics, but we are united in our joint efforts to prevent Iran’s use of nuclear weapons and resolve Iran’s various illegal actions. We look forward to working with you to achieve these goals. “The senator wrote.
Similarly, a bipartisan letter signed by 140 members of the House of Representatives called for a resolution of the Iranian threat of nuclear weapons and other disturbing actions.
They wrote: “As Democrats and Republicans from all political fields, we are united to prevent Iran’s use of nuclear weapons and resolve a wide range of illegal Iranian activities.”
The lawmakers are also concerned about Iran’s sanctions relief, without meaningful proof that Iran has taken measures to restore compliance with the JCPOA.
Secretary of State Antony Blinken gave an affirmative answer when questioned by the House of Representatives. Brad ShermanBradley (Brad) James Sherman (Bradley) James Sherman (James Sherman) Iran talks established a subtle dance for the Biden team. Biden can develop on the basis of Pope Francis’ visit to Iraq. (D-Calif.) At the hearing held last month, the United States will not make any concessions to not hold meetings with Iran or lift sanctions unless Iran can prove that it fully complies with the JCPOA or is negotiating. Achieve full compliance.
representative Michael McCallMichael Thomas McCaul’s Iran talks created a subtle dance for the Biden House team, and the bill aimed to abolish the 2002 war authorization. (Texas) (R-Texas) further urged Blinken to commit to formal consultations with Congress before lifting any sanctions.
Blinken said: “We are determined to discuss the takeoff issue rather than the full landing issue, but yes, especially when it comes to Iran.”