Iran seems to have partially lifted the threat, starting from Tuesday to severely restrict international inspections of its nuclear facilities, which gave Western countries three months to see if new diplomatic initiatives with the United States and Europe will resume 2015 Nuclear agreement.
After a weekend trip to Tehran, the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency Rafael Grossi said on Sunday that his inspectors would “reduced visits” by Tuesday, but they could still monitor major Iran’s announcements. The production base is manufacturing nuclear materials. He did not specify what form these new restrictions will take, but he said that according to an undisclosed “technical annex,” some of Iran’s new restrictions will have a three-month outage.
The vague announcement appeared to be part of Iran’s maneuver, which involved how to respond to the Biden administration’s proposal to resume diplomatic contacts with the deal that President Donald J. Trump abandoned nearly three years ago. President Biden and Secretary of State Anthony Brinken proposed to join a European country. This will be the first substantive diplomacy with Tehran in more than four years.
Biden’s national security adviser, Jake Sullivan, said on CBS’ “Face the Country” program on Sunday: “Iran has not yet responded.” “But it turned out that the script was reversed. Diplomatically isolated. It’s Iran, not the United States. The ball is on their court.”
Iran has been steadily exerting pressure on Washington to lift sanctions, gradually increase the amount of nuclear fuel it produces, and announced that it will begin to enrich uranium at a higher level with materials close to bomb level. Threat restriction inspectors have always been part of this job.
But now, Iranians find themselves in their own dilemma: In the four-month presidential election, no one is willing to face international pressure to appear weak.
Iran’s leaders also recognize that Mr. Biden’s election gives them the best chance because the sanctions have been lifted in 2018-the flow of international oil sales. This will require the restoration of the production quota specified in the 2015 transaction. The agreement also requires Iran to conduct rapid inspections of undeclared locations in accordance with the so-called “Additional Protocol,” which is the rule most members of the International Atomic Energy Agency follow when allowing inspectors to enjoy greater rights.
Both Mr. Grossi and White House officials seem to be eager to avoid any suggestions that inspector restrictions are triggering crises, such as the crisis the Clinton administration faced when North Korea expelled inspectors from the agency and participated in a bomb race in 1994. In this case, even if the inspectors’ vision of nuclear fuel production and their ability to track past nuclear activities are restricted, the inspectors will continue to work in Iran.
“Grossi mitigated some of the losses,” said Andrea Stricker, a researcher at the Democratic Defense Foundation, which has been a major critic of the Iran deal, on Sunday. But she added that “because Iran has been making significant nuclear progress, reducing any form of monitoring is extremely problematic,” especially after the agency began to question past nuclear activities at locations where radioactive materials were found .
Ms. Strick said: “The International Atomic Energy Agency needs to issue a technical agreement and explain exactly how to reduce monitoring so that the international community can assess the seriousness of this step by Iran.”
Eurasia Group Iranian expert Henry Rome said that Sunday’s announcement “represents an opportunity, but we are not out of the predicament”, noting that the country continues to increase uranium enrichment levels and test new ones. More advanced uranium. The centrifuge produces fuel.
Iran announced that it had reached some kind of reconciliation with Grossi, which could buy time for diplomacy, which aroused the reaction of various factions in Iran. Neither the country’s Atomic Energy Agency nor the International Nuclear Agency provided details, which is important for those who want to resume transactions and those who think it’s too strict for Iran’s capabilities.
Conservative commentators took to social media to criticize the government for violating a law passed by Congress in January that restricts access to inspectors.
“Scratch the law?” Conservative MP Seyed Nezameddin Mousavi said on Twitter on Sunday that the government was trying to bypass parliamentary actions. “It seems that my anxiety is justified.”
Diplomatic supporters praised the government for thinking creatively about how to recognize legal requirements without removing inspectors. Some believe that the compromise involves Iran agreeing to keep footage recorded by security cameras that monitor fuel production, but not handing it over to inspectors until the transaction resumes in 2015.
Ali Waz, head of Iran’s International Crisis Group, said: “Iranians have agreed at this stage not only to be satisfied with their eyes, but because continuity of knowledge is required for the IAEA to be fully satisfied.” “It basically delayed this. Crisis.”
Rick Gladstone Contribution report.