The new working group aims to develop a roadmap for the two countries to resume compliance at the same time. However, even if an agreement is reached, the verification will still take some time due to technical complexity and distrust of both parties.
For example, companies that want to do business with Iran, and companies that were severely burned when Mr. Trump imposed strong sanctions on the United States, will want to ensure that the new administration will not impose sanctions on Iran. Iran will want to see economic benefits, not just their promises, and the United States will want the International Atomic Energy Agency to ensure that Iran returns to compliance as it did in the past, rather than cheating.
The United States also hopes to persuade Iran to negotiate a longer time frame for the agreement and begin further negotiations on restrictions on missiles by allies and Shiite militias in the region, including Syria, Iraq and Lebanon, and support for Iran. Iran stated that it has no intention of considering further negotiations until the United States restores its status and rejoins the agreement.
More broadly, U.S. officials are trying to gauge whether the U.S. and Iran can reach an agreement on how each can re-comply with the nuclear agreement, or at least try to bridge their differences.
Iran is represented by the Deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Araghchi, and he is concerned about the 2015 transaction (formally known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, or JCPOA) with President Barack Obama and the then Negotiations in the administration of Vice President Biden (Biden) are crucial.
In a statement after the talks, Mr. Alaj said that the lifting of US sanctions would be “the first and most necessary step to restore the JCPOA. The Islamic Republic of Iran is ready to stop its retaliatory nuclear activities and resume its full commitments as soon as possible.” U.S. sanctions were lifted and verified.”