BRUSSELS (AP)-Iran and the major world powers participating in the agreement to prevent Tehran from developing nuclear weapons said Friday that they are ready to welcome the return of the United States to the agreement.
A group composed of the European Union, China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom and Iran “recognizes the prospect of the United States returning to the JCPOA completely and emphasizes their willingness to work together to actively resolve this issue,” a member of the chair of a senior official meeting. Officials said, referring to the abbreviation of the “Nuclear Agreement,”
Participants said that they “emphasized the commitment to maintain the JCPOA and discussed ways to ensure the full and effective implementation of the restoration”,
The organization stated that they will resume further negotiations on the 2015 agreement in Vienna on Tuesday “to clearly determine the lifting of sanctions and nuclear enforcement measures.”
U.S. officials did not immediately comment publicly, but Washington welcomed news on Thursday that Europeans would meet with Iranians to resume negotiations. State Department spokesperson Ned Price called this development a “positive step.”
President Donald Trump withdrew the United States from Iran’s nuclear deal in 2018, and President Joe Biden stated that rejoining the agreement is a priority for his administration. The Biden administration and Iran disagree on any conditions for achieving this condition, including the timing of lifting US sanctions against Iran.
A statement at a meeting hosted by the European Union on Friday said that the coordinator of the organization “will also strengthen individual links with all participants in the nuclear agreement and the United States in Vienna.”
Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif immediately emphasized that there are no plans for a meeting between Iranian and American officials
Zarif said in a tweet that the goal of the Vienna meeting will be “quickly finalize sanctions lifting and nuclear measures aimed at lifting all sanctions, and then Iran will stop taking remedial measures.”
He added nicely: “There is no meeting between Iran and the United States. This is unnecessary.”
Iran’s state television quoted Iran’s nuclear negotiator Abbas Akic in a virtual meeting as saying that at Friday’s discussion, “the United States’ return to the nuclear agreement does not require any negotiations and the path is clear” .
Quoting Araj’s words: “The United States can return to the transaction and no longer violate the law like exiting the transaction and imposing illegal sanctions on Iran.”
Mikhail Ulyanov, Russia’s ambassador to the Vienna International Organization, said: “The impression is that we are on the right path, but the path forward is not easy and will require great efforts. Stakeholders seem to be We are ready for this.”
Any return from the United States will bring complications.
Iran has been constantly violating the restrictions of the agreement, such as the amount of enriched uranium it can store and the purity it can enrich. Tehran’s move is calculated to put pressure on other countries in the transaction (Russia, China, France, Germany and the United Kingdom) to take more measures to offset the brutal sanctions imposed by Trump.
Iran has stated that before resuming compliance with the agreement, the United States needs to restore its obligations under the agreement by lifting sanctions.
The International Atomic Energy Agency said that in the past two years, Iran has accumulated a lot of nuclear materials and new capabilities, and used this time to “hone their skills in these fields.”
The ultimate goal of the agreement is to prevent Iran from developing a nuclear bomb, which Iran insists it does not want to do. Iran now has enough enriched uranium to make bombs, but it is a far cry from the amount before the nuclear agreement was signed.
As part of continuing violations of the JCPOA, Iran last month began restricting the International Atomic Energy Agency’s inspections of its nuclear facilities. However, during the trip to Tehran, an agreement was reached based on a last-minute transaction, but some access rights were retained.
According to the interim agreement, Iran will no longer share surveillance videos of its nuclear facilities with the International Atomic Energy Agency, but it has promised to keep the video tapes for three months. If sanctions relief is obtained, it will hand them over to the United Nations Atomic Supervision Agency based in Vienna. Otherwise, Iran vowed to erase the tapes and narrow the window for diplomatic breakthroughs.