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Home / World / India’s TikTok ban threatens China’s rise as a global tech powerhouse

India’s TikTok ban threatens China’s rise as a global tech powerhouse

400 million social media users in India will lose their anonymity

Photographer: Dhiraj Singh/Bloomberg

In the past decade, China has established another online reality, and Google and Facebook are almost non-existent. Now its own tech company Alibaba Group Holdings Limited Tencent Holdings Ltd. is trying to get rejected feel like.

India’s unprecedented decision to ban China’s 59 largest applications has warned the country’s technology giants. Over the years, the firewall technology that the Indian government has vigorously promoted has made many of the most well-known Internet names in the United States unmatched. If India finds a way to deal with this threat, it may provide a model for other countries in Europe to Southeast Asia, which are trying to reduce TikTok of ByteDance Ltd. also protects the valuable data of its citizens.

As Chinese Internet companies began to make progress in the world’s fastest-growing mobile sector, toward globalization and challenging the dominance of the US technology industry, this sudden suspension hit Chinese Internet companies hard. TikTok has signed 200 million users there, Xiaomi is the largest smartphone brand, and both Alibaba and Tencent are actively promoting their services.

But India’s policies jeopardize all of these successes, and as the United States attempts to summon countries to stop using these policies, India may have broader geopolitical consequences. 5G network of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. As Chinese technology companies prepare to become the most important force in emerging industries such as artificial intelligence, India’s move may stimulate countries around the world to weigh the extent to which they allow China to collect user data and the potential economic leverage in future disputes.

“Technical nationalism will increasingly manifest itself in all aspects of geopolitics: national security, economic competitiveness and even social value,” said Alex Capri, who is based in Singapore. Hinrich Foundation. “It will be more and more difficult to separate Chinese technology companies from the CCP and China’s geopolitical ambitions. They will find themselves increasingly blocked.”

read more: TikTok bans security concerns in India’s 59 Chinese apps

Chinese Internet companies have struggled to replicate their online services outside of their own territory, even before lawmakers in Washington began to worry about the wisdom of allowing companies in Asian countries (such as ByteDance) to hover over precious personal data. India accuses TikTok, Tencent’s WeChat, Alibaba’s UC and other apps of exacerbating these concerns Web page with Baidu’s map and translation services are threatening its sovereignty and security.

India’s ban provides further evidence that after the Trump administration has curbed the global movement of China and state champions like Huawei globally, countries are using technology to claim themselves in geopolitics. Before Prime Minister Narendra Modi took action, the worst military conflict between India and China in nearly half a century.

Zhang Baohui, director of the Asia-Pacific Research Center of Lingnan University, said: “Of course Beijing should be worried that the impact of the deadly conflict will push India to the United States.” “But India’s recent economic measures may not cause Beijing itself to be overly worried because it understands that, Faced with rising domestic nationalism, the Modi government must take certain measures to appease the public and maintain legitimacy.”

Despite promises to disengage, tensions between China and India continue

It is unclear how India will implement its decision, because about one in six people has already downloaded TikTok (one in one). But it took a series of steps to curb China’s presence in the country, demonstrating the government’s firm determination, because after the deadly Himalayan border conflict killed 20 Indian soldiers, the long-term tensions were reduced to nothing.

The country’s government procurement website prohibits the purchase of Chinese-made goods. The authorities asked about the largest e-commerce companies, including Amazon.com Inc. and Wal-Mart Flipkart began to display “country of origin” on the products sold. It is said that India has dragged its feet on liquidating goods imported from China and leaving electronic products in the port.

“The Indian government is considering managing the Internet in a very similar way to China. This is a blanket ban that establishes national borders on the Internet and fundamentally outlines the version that will eventually become the big firewall in India,” Dev Lewis said. Researcher of Shanghai Digital Asia Center. “Everyone is struggling to deal with management technology companies and applications, especially those that cross borders. So when India takes such steps, it will set a precedent for what you can do.”

Read more: Chinese shipments stranded in Indian ports, confrontation caused casualties

In terms of direct business consequences, ByteDance may be hit hardest. India is its largest market, with more than 200 million TikTok users. In a brief ban last year, the Chinese company estimated that it lost half a million dollars in daily revenue. Nikhil Gandhi, head of TikTok India, said in a statement sent to Twitter that the company complies with all data privacy and security requirements under Indian law and has not shared any user information with any foreign government, including Beijing.

India’s ban may also give American companies an advantage over Chinese companies in a rare global technology market with a large population but not yet saturated. Although WeChat has never been successful in India, banning it may fuel its momentum WhatsApp by Facebook Inc. Cut off TikTok immediately Alphabet Inc.’s YouTube a promote.

Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian said on Tuesday that China “strongly follows” India’s actions. He said: “The Indian government is responsible for safeguarding the legitimate rights and interests of international investors, including China.”

Chinese embassy in Delhi criticizes India’s measures The statement said that it “targets and selects certain Chinese applications with discrimination and discrimination, based on ambiguity and far-fetched reasons.”

In India, TikTok competes for YouTube dominance

But at present, China does not have many options for retaliation. An analyst of the Eurasia Group wrote in a research report: “Although Beijing is very good at economic coercion, in this case, it has limited options for mutual action.” Bilateral trade in China against India A large proportion of exports. Attempting to hurt India economically may hit Chinese companies. “

—With the assistance of Colum Murphy, Saritha Rai, Sharon Chen, Huang Zheping, Gao Yuan and Felix Tam

(The penultimate comment of the Chinese Embassy in India)

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