In its order issued on Tuesday, the court said that the decision to suspend the law “may reduce the harm of farmers and encourage them to come to the negotiating table with confidence and sincerity.”
The law was first passed in September. For decades, the Indian government has provided farmers with guaranteed prices for certain crops, providing long-term certainty, enabling them to invest in the next crop cycle. The new law initiated by the government of Prime Minister Narendra Modi instead allows farmers to sell goods to anyone at any price-giving them greater freedom to do things such as selling directly to buyers and selling to other states Things.
But farmers believe that the new regulations will make it easier for companies to exploit agricultural workers and help big companies keep prices down, making the situation worse. On the contrary, if the demand is strong, farmers can sell their crops at high prices. Conversely, when the market is in short supply, it may be difficult for them to reach the lowest price.
Since late November, more than 1
In the three borders of New Delhi, each border has a sit-in for several days. Farmers blocked the roads and set up temporary camps. Some people slept on the roads or on tractors. They came from many different states, participated in large-scale protests and sometimes clashed with the police.
The government has held eight rounds of talks with the leaders of more than 30 farmers’ unions who violated the law, but the talks were of no avail.
The deadlock prompted the Supreme Court to suspend the law on Tuesday and order the establishment of a four-person mediation committee to help the parties negotiate in a “harmonious atmosphere.” According to the order, the mediation committee must meet within 10 days and submit its first report within two months after the meeting.
The court also said on Tuesday that it will maintain the minimum support price protection measures until further orders. This is one of the main points of friction between the government and farmers. According to the court order, “any action taken under the Farm Law shall not deprive or deprive farmers of their ownership”.
However, Samyukt Kisan Morcha, an umbrella organization representing the farmers’ union, has repeatedly stated that it will not participate in any court-appointed mediation-and reiterated this after issuing a new order.
Farmer leader Balbir Singh Rajewal (Balbir Singh Rajewal) said at a press conference on Tuesday: “This is a prank by the government. They want to relieve the pressure on their shoulders, so they demand the establishment of a Supreme Court committee. Expressed opposition.” Committee members are all pro-government.
The attorney general who handled the matter on behalf of the government also criticized the Supreme Court’s order, saying they “strongly opposed” any temporary stay.
These laws are controversial because agriculture is the main source of livelihood for about 58% of India’s 1.3 billion people, and farmers have been vying to raise the guaranteed minimum price for years. They are the largest electoral district in the country-making agriculture a central political issue.