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Indian-born NASA scientist Swati Mohan led the rover to land on Mars



In a major achievement, NASA’s Perseverance rover landed on the surface of Mars after 7 months in space. During this period, the vehicle traversed 472 million kilometers at a speed of approximately 19,000 km/h. When the rover crashed into the Martian atmosphere, an Indian scientist named Swati Mohan (Swati Mohan) confirmed the vehicle’s viability.

Swati Mohan (Swati Mohan) said in her own words: “During the operation, I led the attitude control system of Mars 2020 and was the chief system engineer for the entire development. The attitude control system points the aircraft to the desired position. And to help figure out the position of the spacecraft in space.” During the landing of the Mars Perseverance Rover, she provided comments on entry, descent, and mission controlled landing.

According to the official website of NASA, Swati Mohan’s family immigrated to the United States when she was one year old. Before joining Cornell University School of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering in 2000, she spent her childhood in the metropolis of Northern Virginia/Washington, DC. After completing the undergraduate program, Swati Mohan received a master’s degree and doctorate in the fields of aerospace, aviation and aerospace from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The project was completed in 2010.

Screenshot of Swati Mohan’s Linkedin profile

When Swati Mohan was a systems engineer at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory from 2004 to 2005, he entered the Massachusetts Institute of Technology for a PhD in 2005. After completing her PhD, she joined NASA again as a guidance, navigation and control system engineer. She has worked on the Saturn and GRAIL missions of the Cassini. Swati Mohan has been working on the Mars project since 2013.

Screenshot of Swati Mohan’s Linkedin profile

Although the original Indian-American scientist aspired to become a pediatrician, she eventually entered NASA. She said: “I have always been interested in space, but I really don’t know the opportunity to turn this interest into work. When I was 16 years old, I took the first physics class. I was lucky to have a great Teacher, everything is so easy to understand and easy. That is how I really consider engineering as a way to pursue space.”

When talking about her journey, she said: “I remember watching the first episode of Star Trek when I was 9 years old and seeing beautiful pictures of the new regions of the universe they explored. I remember thinking: “I want to do this . I want to find new and beautiful places in the universe. “The vast space has too much knowledge, and we have just begun to learn.

Swati Mohan added that she is the main target of communication between the guidance, navigation and control (GN&C) subsystem and the rest of the Mars project. She also participated in the training of the team, formulated the policies and procedures of the GN&C team, and arranged task control personnel. “The GN&C subsystem is the “eyes and ears” of the spacecraft…During entry, descent and landing on Mars, GN&C will determine the position of the spacecraft and command its maneuvers to help it land safely.”




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