If he persists, he will become the fourth president to boycott the regular inauguration of his successor, and the first president to do so in 150 years.
The other two presidents missed the regular swearing-in ceremony of their successors, Martin Van Buren and Martin Wilson. The reason for Van Buren’s absence is unknown, but historians don’t think it is malicious, while Wilson is due to health reasons.
CNN has contacted several presidential historians to provide background information on this unusual event.
- John Adams did not attend the inauguration of Thomas Jefferson in 1801.
- John Quincy Adams did not attend the inauguration of Andrew Jackson in 1829.
- Andrew Johnson did not attend the inauguration of Ulysses S. Grant in 1869.
Barbara Perry, director of presidential studies at the Miller Center at the University of Virginia, told CNN that refusing to attend the inauguration of his successor was “an unfortunate precedent set by Adams, which was not inherited until his son in 1829.”
Elaine Kamarck, a senior researcher at the Brookings Institution’s Governance Research Program, said that for John Quincy Adams and Andrew Johnson, the political landscape is caused by an “unusual amount of hostility” between the parties. To define.
As we all know, other outgoing presidents will miss the inauguration of some or all of their successors.
Van Buren did not attend the inauguration of William Henry Harrison in 1841. Balcerski told CNN that some reports said Van Buren rode his horse to the Capitol in another carriage behind Harrison. Historians don’t know why Van Buren skipped this. Events. Richard Mentor Johnson, vice president of Van Buren, attended the meeting.
In 1921, the outgoing President Wilson, who was suffering from a stroke, and his successor Warren G. Harding (Warren G. Harding) rode a horse, but did not stay to participate in the event.
Andrew Phillips, the curator and director of museum operations at the Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library, told CNN that Wilson told his successor that he would not attend because the stairs on the platform were too steep for him . In an interview with CNN, Phillips said: “He made a joke, saying:’The Senate had toppled me down before, and now I don’t want to fall down by myself.’ The Versailles peace treaty.
Phillips added that the “Washington Herald” reported at the time: “For a century, the outgoing president has not witnessed the inauguration of new executives.”
After Nixon resigned, he left Washington for about an hour before Ford was sworn into the White House.
Perry told CNN that although Nixon did not attend the swearing-in ceremony, Ford’s farewell to him illustrates “even in rare cases, a symbol of peaceful transfer of power” and the president resigned.