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In 2023, if you don’t broadcast your location, you won’t be able to fly most drones in the United States

If you plan to fly drones in the United States, you need to pay attention: The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has just issued the largest set of changes to the U.S. drone law, and this is the first time the agency has produced this technology Since interest. With the proper permit, you will soon be able to fly at night and above people.But the biggest change is: in 2023, you may be illegal to fly certain drones Absolutely not Unless you use their own broadcasting equipment to modify it.

In 2022, the US government will require every new mass-produced drone weighing more than 0.55 pounds (0.25 kg) to broadcast your location-I mean your location, not just your drone’s position. You will also broadcast an identification number, which can be cross-referenced with your registration number and the speed and altitude of the drone.

All of these are part of the new “Long-range ID”

; standard, which aims to provide the FAA and law enforcement agencies with a way to deal with actual flight conditions in the sky, and considering that the current system only requires you to slap in the face, we might think To something similar to the tag on a drone, when it is flying in the air, no one can see it. In this way, law enforcement officers can theoretically find out who is dangerously flying any given drone and turn it off.

But the long-range ID rule does not only apply to brand new drones: 2023; if the same broadcast is not made, flying existing drones is illegal. There is no grandfather clause for old-fashioned drones, and no exemption for home racing, whether it is flying for entertainment or indoors. According to the new rules, you will need to modify it with a new broadcast module, or fly only within a specially designated UAV flight area, which is called the “FAA recognized recognition area.” There is no such area yet-the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) will accept applications for the new area in 2022.

It’s also worth noting that the FAA did not say How on earth Either How far These drones need to broadcast their identities, to a large extent for manufacturers to figure out the best way to do so in the next 18 months. This is the condition that new drones sold in the United States must comply with. A spokesperson wrote: “Currently, there are no compliance measures approved by the FAA.”

For a DJI-style drone that has incorporated a lot of technologies and is connected to your smartphone, in theory, it is as easy as sending additional signals every once in a while, but it depends on what the FAA finally decides to approve . DJI declined to comment on this matter, which makes me wonder if I am missing some wrinkles.

It’s worth noting that although DJI opposed the FAA’s initial recommendation, which may require each drone to broadcast its remote ID over the Internet, the final rule clearly does not require an Internet connection and implies that the manufacturer may only use short-range Bluetooth Or Wi-Fi.

This is a statement from Skydio, a manufacturer of autonomous flying drones: “We are reviewing the FAA’s new remote identification rules, which will take effect in approximately 30 months. There is no immediate impact on Skydio customers. We are working closely with the FAA, And take steps to ensure that our current and future products meet the new framework.”

If it is really difficult to add these broadcasts. Or, if people are worried about revealing their location, it may change the way drones are manufactured and sold. Companies like DJI have tried to limit the weight of certain drones to less than 0.55 pounds, so buyers do not have to legally register them with the FAA. Now, more drones may follow suit, and manufacturers of cheap flying toys may also think twice. Even racing cars designed to reduce weight as much as possible may now need to incorporate possible remote ID transmitters into their construction.

By the way, just because you have a remote ID transmitter does not mean you can ignore the drone. The line of sight rules still apply. A spokesperson for the FAA wrote: “A person operating a drone with a remote ID broadcast module must be able to see the drone at any time during flight.” edge There is no immunity for domestic drones. “[FAA-Recognized Identification Areas] They wrote: “Unmanned aircraft (unmanned aircraft and radio-controlled model aircraft) are the only locations that can operate without broadcasting remote ID message elements without other authorization from the FAA. .

If you are a professional, licensed drone operator, in addition to the remote ID rules today, there are some very interesting and long-awaited news: The FAA finally decided to allow you to be at night, in some cases it will not The situation in which people flying over by humans and machines even sued a moving vehicle without applying for a special exemption.

Night flight requires additional training and anti-collision lights, “you can see a legal distance of 3 miles, and the flash rate is sufficient to avoid collisions.” Flying over people depends on the drone’s weight and sharp propeller blades. UAVs are divided into four categories:

The weight of a small unmanned aircraft that meets the requirements of Category 1 must be less than 0.55, including all items attached to the aircraft or in other ways, and must not contain exposed rotating parts that can hurt human skin. No means of compliance (MOC) or declaration of compliance (DOC) accepted by the FAA is required.

A small unmanned aircraft that meets Class 2 qualifications must not cause damage to a human body equal to or greater than the severity of damage caused by the transfer of 11 foot pounds of kinetic energy when a rigid object strikes, and does not include any exposed rotation that may stab a person in a collision with a person Skin without any safety defects. Requires FAA-accepted compliance methods and FAA-accepted compliance statements.

A small unmanned aircraft that meets the requirements of Category 3 shall not cause damage to the human body equal to or greater than the severity of the injury caused by the transfer of 25 foot pounds of kinetic energy due to the impact of a rigid object, and does not include any exposed rotation that may be in collision with a person Parts that pierce human skin and do not have any safety defects. Requires FAA-accepted compliance methods and FAA-accepted compliance statements.

Small unmanned aircraft that meet the requirements of Category 4 must have an airworthiness certificate issued in accordance with Part 21 of the FAA regulations. Must operate in accordance with the operating restrictions specified in the approved Flight Manual or other operating conditions specified by the administrator. Operational restrictions shall not prohibit human operation. Maintenance, preventive maintenance, changes or inspections must be carried out in accordance with the specific requirements in the final rule.

Unless equipped with a long-range ID transmitter, you cannot carry a small class 1 or class 2 unmanned aircraft on a person, and class 3 cannot fly over a “human open-air assembly”, only in a private area with people underneath it Fly over a covered building or be warned that the drone will fly over. In any case, you will need to get a Part 107 permit to fly at night or on everyone, which means testing and obtaining permits. These specific rules should take effect in about two months.

This is the FAA’s executive summary (PDF) on overflight personnel and the full text of the Remote ID rules (PDF). You can read it yourself. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) addresses many public comments and suggestions in it, so if you want to know why they chose this approach, it’s worth reading.

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