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Immigrants quickly expelled by Trump try to cross repeatedly



Edgar, California (Associated Press)-Edgar Alexis Lopez’s photos before he illegally crossed the border in the mountains east of San Diego looked relaxed​​ , He showed his clean jeans and grinned.

Six hours later, the 24-year-old Mexican construction worker ran out of water, climbed over the border wall and was convinced that he would faint and be exhausted. He and his father were abandoned by the smuggling guide and asked for help.

A rescue helicopter could not land on steep terrain, but the authorities lowered the water before border agents arrived and sent it back to Tijuana, Mexico. Lopez recovered quickly and began planning to try again to reach San Diego, where he hoped to live a more stable life. In the next few days, he tried two more times, turning around before being caught.

Lopez said during a lunch break while working at the Tijuana supermarket: “You enter and leave, enter and leave, enter and leave,”

; he is here to make money for the fourth attempt. “Except for physical fatigue, you have nothing to lose.”

After the Trump administration carried out a series of profound reforms to limit asylum, the coronavirus ended it. Since March, Mexicans and illegal immigrants from Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador have been deported immediately due to the general suspension of immigration laws at the border, without even a piece of paper, usually within two hours Opportunity to seek asylum. The post-holocaust system aims to protect people all over the world from torture and persecution at home. Faced with any consequences, immigrants are more determined to continue their efforts until they succeed.

The suspension of asylum for immigrants, coupled with what immigrants call “rapid deportation”, has accelerated the transfer of illegal border crossings: more Mexican men come for economic reasons, while fewer asylum seekers from Central America, Africa and others many.

The removal of asylum is probably the most important way for President Donald Trump to reshape the immigration system. It can be said that he has made more changes than any US president. He motivated supporters with a message of “America First” and angered critics, calling his signature domestic problems isolated, xenophobia and even racism.

Before the election, the Associated Press is studying some of Trump’s immigration policies, including restrictions on international students, Retreat from a humanitarian role in the United States It is actually a refuge now.

Under the rapid deportation that began in March, 37% of those arrested were picked up in the previous year, up from 7% in fiscal year 2019. Since the Border Patrol started tracking seven years ago, the annual figure has not exceeded 14%.

Chief Patrol Officer Rodney Scott said that in the past two weeks, in the San Diego area of ​​the Border Patrol, recidivism has again reached 48%. San Diego has the highest housing prices. El Paso, Texas; and Rio Grande Valley, Texas, because the big cities are on the Mexican side.

Scott said in a recent interview: “They can rest for one night and try again.”

In order to deter transit people, the government has been driving Mexican citizens farther into the country-flying to Mexico City and distant capital cities. Mexican officials supported the flight to ease pressure on border cities such as Tijuana.

A small group of Mexican men have been walking in the bushes and boulders near Tecate for two days and plan to spend four days this month on Interstate 8, where drivers will take them to San Diego. But the agents caught up and drove them to cross the border in Tijuana.

For Jose Luis Bello, 37, this is his eighth deportation since March. He had previously flown to Mexico City once, and he was still determined to be with the children of American citizens in Columbus, Ohio. get in touch. Jose Magana, 35, of the same age, was arrested eight times in five months. He has flown to the medium-sized cities Villahermosa and Queretaro, but is eager to return to Tijuana to try to reunite with his wife and children in San Francisco.

Bello said: “I still insist on 100%.”

This can be traced back to the 1970s and 2000s, when Mexican men went to work to hide from agents. For policy makers, asylum was almost an afterthought, until many families (family from Central America) helped the United States become the world’s top destination for asylum seekers in 2017. Many people just surrendered to the agents.

Border Patrol Captain Scott said: “There are a little more revolving doors than before.”

Asylum is to escape persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, political beliefs, or membership of a social group. It does not apply to people who immigrate for economic reasons.

Trump has repeatedly called asylum a “scam” and basically eliminated it before the pandemic. He effectively terminated the release of asylum seekers in the United States and issued a notice of court appearance.

Trump’s senior adviser Stephen Miller told the Associated Press: “The biggest threat to the integrity of the U.S. border is to make a hasty asylum application for the sole purpose of entering the country.” “Grant any illegal entry. The general policy of illegal entry and the work permit before future asylum hearings are tantamount to an open border. It is an open border.”

Critics say that the cessation of asylum is an action that Trump was challenged in court after relying on a little-known public health law during the pandemic. This is a total waiver of legal and moral obligations to protect those who escape human rights violations. people. Border patrol agents can refer people for inspection under the “United Nations Convention against Torture,” but the threshold is high.

From March to September, there were nearly 200,000 pandemic-related evictions, but the government’s asylum attacks can be traced back to the early days, when thousands of parents and children separated, according to a “zero tolerance” policy for illegal border crossings Face criminal charges. Other key commands:

-Since January 2019, about 70,000 asylum seekers from dozens of countries have returned to Mexico, awaiting court hearings. It exposes asylum seekers to extreme violence, which makes finding a lawyer more difficult. Less than 1% won the complaint, which is far below the rate of all asylum seekers.

Democrat Joe Biden promised to end this policy called the “Immigration Protection Agreement.”

-Last year, the US government reached an agreement with Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras to allow people to fly there instead of seeking asylum in the US. Although the US State Department has found serious human rights violations in all three countries, including violent attacks against minorities.

From November to March, when the virus stopped flights to Guatemala, only 20 of the 939 Hondurans and Salvadorans sent there sought asylum in Guatemala. Almost everyone went home.

Miller said that if Trump is re-elected, Trump will seek similar arrangements with countries around the world and establish a global network that will spread asylum cases more widely.

-At the end of last year, the U.S. Customs and Border Protection began detaining Mexicans and Central Americans through preliminary asylum inspections, preferably within three days. CBP’s facilities lack beds and other infrastructure, and asylum seekers face a huge challenge in finding a lawyer.

U.S. Senator Kyrsten Sinema said that since the policy took effect, only 13 of the more than 2,000 Mexicans subject to the policy have been represented by lawyers, and they are from Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras. Only 18 of the more than 2,700 people in the country were represented. The Obama administration has not yet released figures on legal representation, but has not disputed her figures.

-The government usually uses domestic violence and gang violence as a basis for asylum, allowing judges to decide cases without trial, and denying asylum borders to people from countries with widespread infectious diseases or other countries en route to the United States.

Many people attempting to travel to the United States use Tijuana as a starting point, a Mexican city about 2 million from San Diego. They took a taxi or car to the suburbs of Tecate, a small Mexican town with 100,000 breweries of the same name.

Border Patrol agent Justin Castrejon said immigrants had to pay between US$8,000 and US$10,000 to drive across the mountain and be picked up by the driver when they reached the road.

On a cool September evening, the border patrol radio voice said that a suspicious vehicle was found on a two-lane highway near Tecate, California, which was only a gas station. The five were chased by the agents and escaped and went into hiding before being arrested. At about the same time, a group of seven people and three people was picked up with one person.

Scott said the captured immigrants provided fingerprints and took photos.They are charged only if they have a serious criminal record in the U.S.

The Border Patrol has reported the recidivism rate to Congress every year since 2014 and used it for the performance evaluation of senior officials, the agency head said from 2010 to 2015. Agents marked the route as a weak link attracting repeatable people.

Fisher said: “The recidivism rate tells us the patient’s condition.” “If something doesn’t work, then we can conduct in-depth research.”

After two attempts, Jose Luis Zarate crossed the border from Tijuana. Zarate recently completed nursing studies, but couldn’t find a high-paying job. He hopes to make enough money in Alabama to eventually build a basketball court in his hometown of Oaxaca, Mexico. He and his girlfriend thought it was too dangerous to be with her 6-year-old son.

He said in the text message: “It’s very frustrating, but I am very happy that I can start making money.” “I will start a new life from here, from scratch.”

Jose Edgar Zuleta’s business selling religious jewelry in Puebla, Mexico City, dried up during the pandemic. He used a special ladder to climb Donald Trump. Trump) 30-foot (9-meter) long wall. Before being caught, he and two women moved in an overcrowded patrol area for about half an hour. His 21-year-old son cleaned the wall in front of him and was picked up a few hours later.

Zulieta, 43, agreed to pay the smugglers $19,000 in exchange for him and his son, but only if they want to go to the United States and they want to work in gardening in Southern California. He returned to his wife and mother’s home and planned to try again.

Zuleta said the pandemic-related deportations made it a good time to travel to the United States without the threat of criminal charges.

He said: “This is a good thing for us because we can keep trying.”


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