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Immigrant children from other countries deported to Mexico



US border authorities have been deporting immigrant children from other countries to Mexico, which violated diplomatic agreements with Mexico and tested the restrictions of immigration and child welfare laws.

The deportation was carried out in internal emails severely criticized by senior border patrol officials. The deportation was carried out under an aggressive border closure policy that the Trump administration said, which Trump said was to prevent the coronavirus. The necessary measures to spread to the United States. But they are in conflict with the Mexican government’s agreement to help implement the order, which means that only Mexican children and other persons with adult guardianship can be pushed back to Mexico after crossing the border.

The deportation has threatened children in countries such as Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador, who sent unaccompanied children into countries without family relations. Most seem to be at least from the beginning by the Mexican Child Welfare Agency, which oversees shelters run by religious organizations and other private groups.

In the past eight months, the number of people deported appears to have exceeded 200, which reflects the arbitrary nature of many of the most aggressive immigration policies adopted by the government. In many cases, this has led to a reshuffle between US government agencies and now, non-national governments. Over the years, the Trump administration’s handling of immigrant children has left family members separated for months and unable to help each other.

A report submitted to the court earlier this month showed that there are currently 545 parents of such children in the United States, some of whom were separated from their families as early as 2017 and have not been found yet.

According to current diplomatic agreements and US policy, children from countries other than Mexico should take a flight to their home country operated by the Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement, where they can be reunited with their families.

Among non-profit sex workers who promote child welfare in Mexico and the United States, there are rumors about children from other countries. However, due to the uneven reports of the Mexican government authorities, it is difficult to find any such children.

However, the New York Times made it clear from the e-mail sent by the U.S. Border Patrol Assistant Chief Eduardo Sanchez (Eduardo Sanchez) that this transfer not only happened, but also clearly violated U.S. policy.

Sanchez wrote: “Recently, we have discovered several suspected incidents in which minors (SM) from countries other than Mexico have been deported through the port of entry instead of being transferred to the ICE Air Operations Office for deportation.”

He continued to refer to the federal government’s public health regulations based on its border closure policy. He continued: “Please note that if it is not corrected, these actions will seriously endanger the operations under Title 42 and must be stopped immediately. Under no circumstances should SM from countries other than Mexico be deported to Mexico.”

Brian Hastings, head of the Rio Grande Valley area of ​​the Border Patrol, admitted in an interview that non-Mexican children have been sent back to Mexico.

Mr. Hastings said that if the immigrants do not return quickly under the rule of the pandemic, “we will have a large number of infections, a large number of mixed, and we will also provide medical services to the hospital.” He said that whenever there is no one accompanied When his child was deported, border guards were instructed to contact the Mexican consulate.

Customs and Border Protection Acting Commissioner Mark Morgan admitted in another interview this week that such deportations would violate the agreement between Mexico and the United States. Morgan said of Mexico: “This is not part of their policy.”

The two officials said the eviction policy helped prevent overcrowding of border facilities, which led to widespread criticism of the agency’s care of children last year.

However, Hastings said border agents have now been instructed to exempt most children under the age of 10 from the deportation policy and transfer them to a US shelter, which is managed by the US Department of Health and Human Services.

The coronavirus pandemic has created an opportunity for the Trump administration to enact the strictest border restrictions to date. Since then, thousands of children have been quickly deported back to their home countries after crossing the border and entering the United States. This is different from the practice for many years. Under this practice, children traveling without an adult guardian are transferred to the US government’s asylum system. There they were assigned to caseworkers who had tried to reunite them with American patrons when considering their asylum cases in court.

Contrary to this policy, children deported during the pandemic are only held in border patrol facilities or hotels for a short time before being sent back to their country of origin, usually without prior notice to their families. Some people have to borrow their phones when they arrive at the airport to find family members who might be willing to bring their phones.

The latest deportation order has added new and potentially more devastating complications, bringing greater chaos to Central America and other families that may be trying to find children.

It is possible that some of the deported children may have family members of their own in Mexico. They themselves are waiting to enter the United States, but the Mexican authorities have not provided information about the children transferred to their shelters.

An Salvadoran father living in California who asked not to be named said that he first learned that his 15-year-old daughter had been deported to Mexico in August when he received a call from the Salvadoran Embassy in Juarez.

The father said: “They said I must stay calm because she will be fine.” “I don’t know what to ask, it’s all confusing.” He said that his daughter has no family in Mexico.

He said that she has been waiting in El Salvador. According to her experience in her home country, the program is a visa approved for victims of sexual violence and can enter the United States. He is not sure why she tried to cross the US border before obtaining approval-he believes it was out of concerns for her own safety.

After the lawyer intervened on behalf of the girl, she argued that the girl’s rights had been violated during the deportation. She was then allowed to enter the United States and now lives in a shelter in Arizona. Her father said he was waiting for permission from the US government to reunite with his daughter.

He said: “I’m crazy.” “This is a very, very stressful situation. It’s about your children. You always want the best child for them, but at the same time, you know you can’t protect them or It’s really frustrating to do anything now.”

The American Civil Liberties Union’s lawyers challenged the federal court’s deportation of migrant children, arguing that it violated child welfare laws, such as the Trafficking Victims Protection Act and the National Immigration Act, which requires that migrant children’s travel be granted Special protection alone.

The chief prosecutor of the case, Lee Gelter, said: “In addition to the general illegality of Title 42, the deportation of non-Mexican children to Mexico under immigration laws is also illegal.”

The government has recently begun to refer to migrant children crossing the border alone as “single minors” rather than “unaccompanied foreign children”, thus reinforcing the notion that border closures related to the pandemic have been implemented, but These children are not eligible for the legal protection that could have been provided to them.

According to public data, the US authorities have expelled more than 200,000 people since the closure of the new public health border took effect, but the US government will not answer questions about how many children there are or how many people have been sent to Mexico. In December last year, border authorities admitted in a federal court that at least 8,800 children had been deported from the United States since March.

The Women’s Refugee Committee, a human rights organization, filed a public record request with the Mexican authorities and received data showing that between March 21 and June 5 this year, at least 208 Central American children were detained by the Mexican authorities.

The Mexican Child Welfare Agency did not respond to a request for comment.

During the pandemic, adults were also deported, and the numbers were so large that some of them quickly tried to re-enter the country.

To combat recidivism, Mr. Hastings said that the Border Patrol has begun to expel Mexican adults who have tried to enter Mexico, who have tried to enter the United States four or more times.

Zolan Kanno-Youngs contributed a report from McAllen, Texas.


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