Human Rights Watch said in its annual report that China is in the darkest human rights period since the Tiananmen Square massacre.
But it said that 2020 is also the year when governments around the world find “quantitative security” to overthrow China’s repressive policies, and the fear of retaliation has decreased.
The organization said that in Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia and Tibet, the persecution of ethnic minorities is increasing. Attacks on whistleblowers, suppression of Hong Kong and attempts to cover up the coronavirus outbreak are all part of President Xi Jinping’s deteriorating situation.
The report on global human rights violations said: “This is the darkest period for human rights in China since the 1
The report said: “The Chinese government’s authoritarianism was fully demonstrated in 2020 in response to the deadly coronavirus outbreak that broke out in Wuhan Province for the first time,” the report said, and described the authorities’ initial cover-up of the outbreak and the complaints including Li Wenliang. Report the doctor’s punishment within. There are also reporters such as Zhang Zhan who reported on the blockade in Wuhan and the surveillance and harassment of the families of virus victims.
At the same time, it said: “Beijing’s repression-insistence on political loyalty to the Chinese Communist Party-has deepened across the country.”
“In Xinjiang, Turkic Muslims continue to be detained arbitrarily based on their identities, while others are subjected to forced labor, large-scale surveillance and political indoctrination. In Inner Mongolia, protests broke out in September when the education authority decided to hold schools in the area. Many classes use Mandarin Chinese instead of Mongolian.”
In Tibet, the authorities continued to “strictly restrict religious freedom, speech, movement and assembly, and failed to address the general public’s concerns about mining and land grabbing by local officials, which often involves intimidation and illegal use of force by security forces”.
The demand for political loyalty in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is also increasing. After more than six months of protests in 2019, Beijing has implemented the internationally criticized national security law on the city, and even classified benign opposition as secession, sedition, foreign collusion and terrorism. . Since June, about 90 people have been arrested in accordance with the law.
The report said that Internet censorship, large-scale surveillance, and “religious” work are also deepening throughout China. Well-known critics, human rights defenders and journalists have been sentenced to jail, missing or forced into exile, and many have been accused of “inciting subversion” or “provoke and provocation.”
“Since Xi Jinping came to power, the repression on the whole has gotten worse and worse. In all aspects of Chinese society, you can see that the party’s tolerance for any independent activities has increased,” said HRW researcher Wang Yaqiu.
This 386-page report is mainly aimed at China, mainly because the international community has responded to China’s increasingly severe repression. Human Rights Watch said that other countries in the world had previously feared reprisals and therefore became more confident in criticizing Beijing.
Retaliation is still happening: China and the United States started a trade war, imposed sanctions and new regulations on visas, diplomats and journalists, and closed embassies. Australia has said it has suffered destructive trade tariffs and bans after calling for a “robust” investigation into the origin of the coronavirus.
Human Rights Watch criticized the EU’s response to China, especially the trade agreement reached with Beijing at the end of last year.
Kenneth Roth, head of HRW, said: “If the EU is serious about ending forced labor in China’s Xinjiang province, they may insist on doing so before agreeing to an investment agreement.”
However, by 2020, many governments around the world have discovered that they are “quantitatively safe, reflecting Beijing’s inability to retaliate against the world”. In the past, the Islamic Cooperation Organization, which tended to support China, had fewer members and expressed support for Xinjiang’s policies. The United Nations also issued many condemnation statements.
The United States has passed many laws against China’s abuses, while the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States have torn up extradition treaties with Hong Kong because of their attacks.
The report said: “The international will to condemn the Chinese government more and more strongly compelled it to respond.” And Beijing confirmed for the first time the number of Uighurs and other Turkic Muslims detained in Xinjiang, indicating that 1.3 million people have experienced it. It is called “vocational training center”.
Every UN statement runs counter to the statement supporting Beijing. Human Rights Watch stated that these statements are “usually signed by many of the world’s most serious human rights abusers” and seem to involve economic leverage.
Human Rights Watch reports that this retreat has a particularly obvious effect on the “periphery” of the United States, because the Trump administration usually does not intervene or lack credibility.
“The lesson of other governments in recent years is that they can play a big role even without Washington. Even under the leadership of a more rights-friendly US government, this broader collective defense of rights should be maintained.”