Israel is not a democratic country, but an “apartheid regime” that exercises Jewish supremacy on all lands it controls. A major domestic human rights organization claimed in its position paper that it would cause intense controversy.
B’Tselem, an organization that records human rights violations, said: “An organizational principle is the basis of Israel’s broad policy: to advance and make one group-Jews-higher than another-Palestinians.”
The spokesperson of the Israeli Embassy in the United Kingdom, Ohaad Zemet, described the report as a “propaganda tool.” He added: “Israel rejects the so-called false claims in the report because it is not based on reality but on distorted ideological views.”
Besselem said it rejected the main assumption that Israel has two independent systems of governance at the same time: democracy in its sovereign territory while maintaining military control over Palestinians in the occupied territories for half a century.
The executive director of the agency, Hagai El-Ad, said: “Israel is not a democratic country with temporary occupations.” “This is a regime between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean. We must Look at what it is as a whole: apartheid.”
These areas include the West Bank and East Jerusalem that Israel seized from Jordanian forces in the 1967 war, and the Gaza Strip that was seized from Egypt in the same conflict. Its military bases remained until 2005.
The shift in the concept of apartheid claims was part of a movement led by activists who proved that their occupation was permanent after Israel’s annexation threat, and recent laws gave Jews more political rights over Arabs. This momentum has been developed.
Yesh Din, another human rights organization in Israel, issued a legal opinion last summer regarding the implementation of apartheid in the West Bank.
However, B’Tselem’s report goes further, claiming that Israel has established a system in all territories where Jewish citizens have full rights. At the same time, it believes that Palestinians are divided into four levels according to their place of residence, and each level has different rights, but they are always lower than the Jewish people.
The report points out that the lowest end is the roughly 2 million Palestinians in the extremely impoverished Gaza Strip, ruled by the militant group Hamas (Haras), but Israel has blocked it in its policy, which B’Tselem calls “effective control.”
Busselm said that above them are the approximately 2.7 million Palestinian “subjects” in the West Bank who live in “dozens of separate enclaves and have no political rights under strict military rule”.
According to agreements signed in the 1990s, Palestinians in the West Bank have limited autonomy, although Bussalem said the Palestinian Authority “still obeys Israel and can only exercise its limited powers with Israel’s consent.”
This is followed by the approximately 350,000 Palestinians living in East Jerusalem. Israel has provided citizenship to these residents, although many people refuse in principle, and for those who try, the procedure has a high rejection rate.
At the top of B’Tselem are Palestinian citizens of Israel, also known as Arab Israelis, who have full citizenship, accounting for about one-fifth of Israelis. Besslem still said that they were also restricted to Jews, pointing out land discrimination, immigration laws that favor Jews, and laws that give Jews additional political rights.
In response, the Israeli diplomat Zemet stated that all Israeli citizens have full rights and that Arabs “have representatives in all branches of government-in the Knesset, the courts (including the Supreme Court), the public service and even It is a diplomatic mission representing the State of Israel around the world.”
In 2017, the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia became the first United Nations agency to accuse Israel of apartheid, a crime under international law. The former Israeli Foreign Ministry spokesperson compared this move with Nazi propaganda.
Last year, after Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu stated that he would annex parts of the West Bank, 47 UN experts warned, “This will be the culmination of an already unjust reality: two people living together A space where Israel rules the same country, but has extremely unequal rights.”
They added: “This is the vision of apartheid in the 21st century.”
Netanyahu suspended his annexation ambitions.However, several Israeli and Palestinian rights organizations, including B’Tselem, argue that Israel has implemented a “de facto” annexation of the West Bank, where more than 400,000 Jewish settlers live and enjoy the same rights and enjoy many Same service as other Israelis