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How Vietnam successfully responded to the coronavirus pandemic



  • Although Vietnam has a population of 97 million, it has reported 2362 coronavirus cases and 35 deaths.
  • Based on past experience, Vietnam has formulated a long-term plan to deal with the epidemic.
  • Contact tracking, strategic testing, clear messaging and wearing masks prevent mass lock-in.
  • Please visit the “Business” section of Insider for more stories.

Throughout the pandemic, each country has taken its own response to the virus, and some of them are better than others.

Leaders in countries such as New Zealand, Australia and Taiwan have been praised for their quick actions.

Before recording a single coronavirus case, New Zealand imposed travel restrictions on travelers from mainland China on February 3, 2020.

Australia has stricter regulations than most other countries-residents are only allowed to travel within 3 miles of their homes.

Taiwan’s President Tsai Ing-wen (Tsai Ing-wen) said in a column in Time magazine that Taiwan’s success in handling the coronavirus outbreak is “not accidental.”

Ingerwen wrote: “The painful lesson of the SARS outbreak in 2003 made Taiwan fear the loss of dozens of people. This put our government and people on high alert as soon as possible.”

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Vietnam not far away is Vietnam, which has recorded 2,500 new coronavirus cases and 35 deaths. It has a population of 97 million and borders China, Cambodia and Laos.

The Thinktank Lowy Institute released an index on January 28 that ranks 98 countries and their success in dealing with the coronavirus pandemic. Vietnam ranks second after New Zealand. The United States ranks 94.

However, its success in fighting COVID-19 has not been praised by other countries.

Vietnam’s early initiatives and focus on contact tracking help

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Before the upcoming 13th Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam, health officials collected swab samples from a member of the media during a coronavirus test at the Hanoi Government Guest House on January 18, 2021.

MANAN VATSYAYANA/Getty Images


As early as January 2020, after Vietnam discovered a series of “severe pneumonia” cases in Wuhan, China, it immediately conducted its first risk assessment.

Guy Thwaites is an infectious disease doctor who works in one of the main hospitals designated by the Vietnamese government to treat COVID-19 patients. He told insiders that the government’s response was “very swift and powerful.”

Sweets said: “Schools were closed and international flights were restricted.” “The government quickly did all the simple things.”

Kamal Malhotra, the United Nations Resident Coordinator in Vietnam, said Vietnam’s success in dealing with the virus boils down to three points: contact tracing, strategic testing and clear messaging.

Instead of testing everyone, they tested those identified in contact tracking. The border was closed and all people entering the country were quarantined in government facilities for free.

The insider’s Kate Taylor was in Vietnam in February last year, when there were fewer than 20 cases in the country. Taylor said she saw the emphasis on safety measures, such as wearing a mask, understanding virus symptoms and conducting temperature checks.

The country has never conducted a nationwide lockdown when trying to contain the virus

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In Vietnam, the day after the first coronavirus outbreak in nearly two months was recorded, drivers put on protective masks to prevent the spread of COVID-19 in Hanoi on January 29, 2021.

MANAN VATSYAYANA/Getty Images


Malhotra wrote in an article in the United Nations that the country announced a three-week village quarantine in February last year. Soon thereafter, Vietnam closed its borders and suspended flights from mainland China, the United Kingdom, Europe and the rest of the world.

Malhotra said that when the case pops up, the area with the infected area will be closed and no one can get in or out.

The prime minister did not put the entire country on the shelf, but implemented a two-week social distancing measure across the country in April.

By the beginning of May, people all over Vietnam were basically able to return to normal life.

Twights said: “The government has adopted a zero tolerance method to eliminate this virus.” “Basic measures have been taken, but it is not easy. When people trust the government, people will act according to the government’s instructions.”

Vietnam’s response to the virus deserves more recognition

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On January 28, 2021, a man wearing a mask walked past the banner of the public health campaign to stop the spread of the coronavirus in Hanoi.

NHAC NGUYEN/Getty Images


Vietnam has become a potential hot spot due to its geographical location and population. However, by using low-cost models and implementing basic safety measures (such as washing hands and wearing masks), it can contain the virus within a few months of a pandemic.

No other country of the same size or population is infected with this virus like Vietnam. John Hopkins said that Egypt has a population of 102 million and has recorded 176,000 cases of the coronavirus. The Democratic Republic of the Congo (inland in the middle of the African continent) has recorded more than 24,000 cases and a population of 89 million.

Despite its borders with the country where the outbreak occurred, Vietnam’s success story is worth telling.

According to Malhotra, Vietnam’s response to defeating the virus has been better than New Zealand’s.

He said: “It is absurd to compare the country with New Zealand.” “We face greater challenges.”

Malhotra believes that due to Vietnam’s government system, there are prejudices against Vietnam’s success. Vietnam is a socialist country led by the Communist Party of Vietnam.

Malhotra said: “Many people suspect that the government is not sharing data, but that is not the case.” “Data is recorded in real time, and the measures taken here are not mandatory.”

The Vietnamese people are learning to live in a new normal, but they are still encouraged to keep their distance from society and wear masks.

Countries that have successfully contained the virus include strict strategies in their plans

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On December 31, 2020, in Hanoi, Vietnam, people wear protective masks when they attend a public New Year’s Eve countdown party in the city center.

Linh Pham/Getty Images


Public health experts told the insider country that the way to limit the spread of the coronavirus is clear: develop a cohesive federal plan, maintain consistent information delivery, let everyone wear a mask, and conduct extensive testing and contact tracking. Countries that have failed to contain the outbreak lack at least one of these elements.

The United States lacks all of these.

The conflicting information between the White House and health officials, especially in the first few months of the crisis, delayed the implementation of security measures that could have saved lives.

Health officials asked who should wear masks back and forth in the first few months. The World Health Organization said in April last year that, first of all, only people in the medical field and those infected with the virus. Soon after, the WHO and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended that everyone wear masks when going out in public.

Former President Donald Trump did not wear a mask in public until he visited the Walter Reed National Military Medical Center in July, which was the case of 3 million coronavirus cases in the United States Three days later. Two weeks later, the number of cases reached 4 million.

Once the outbreak in the United States is under control, contact tracking can be carried out again

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On March 20, 2020, a health worker wearing protective clothing and a mask walks in a quarantine area in Thanh Tri district on the outskirts of Hanoi.

NHAC NGUYEN/Getty Images


The United States ranks first in the world with the most serious coronavirus deaths: more than 27 million cases and 494,000 deaths.

Adrian Esterman, an epidemiologist at the University of South Australia, previously told Aria Bendix of Insider: “When the number of The tracer is almost ineffective.”

Swiss scientist Emma Hodcroft, who studies the genetic code of the coronavirus, told Insider’s Aylin Woodward in November that the first step for the United States must be to control its growth . The case can then return to the level where testing and tracking are effective again.

So far, although the U.S. response to COVID-19 has been messy and ineffective, President Joe Biden has made controlling the flu pandemic a top priority.

On the first day of his presidency, Biden rejoined the World Health Organization’s vaccine distribution program, encouraged the wearing of masks, and proposed a $1.9 trillion coronavirus relief bill that will provide state and local governments with what they need Aid, reopen schools, and send another round of stimulating checks to Americans.

Biden said at an event held in Delaware on December 11: “My first 100 days will not end the COVID-19 virus-I can’t guarantee.” “But we did not get into trouble anytime soon. It will be out of trouble soon. It will take some time.”


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