Ugandans under 35 (more than three-quarters of the population) know only one president.
Yoweri Museveni, who came to power under the support of an armed uprising in 1
The 76-year-old veteran has been accompanied by a long period of peace and major development and changes, and many people are grateful for it. But he managed to maintain control of power by encouraging character worship, hiring patrons, compromising independent institutions and opposition parties.
In the last election five years ago, when he talked about resignation, he asked: “How can I leave a banana plantation that has already planted results?”
For this revolution, the harvest is still not over.
I introduced Milton Obote, who appeared in school performances by the president in the 1990s, and Arnold Turmoil is the form of performance.
On January 26, 1986, Museveni’s National Resistance Army liberated the country and ended the war and senseless killings, bringing the work to a climax.
Many Ugandans have been elevated to this man’s image as liberator and peacemaker, and are reminded at every opportunity.
He is also a figure of a father and grandfather.
Many young Ugandans called the president by the nickname “Sevo”, and he affectionately referred to them as Bazukulu (meaning grandson in Luganda).
However, this family member does not consider himself a typical aging patriarch, but rather children and grandchildren lying in his favorite chair and wandering around.
In his office during his sixth elected term, it feels like it started straight after the last general election, he has traveled across the country to develop factories, open roads and new market activities.
Museveni focuses on relatively young challengers. The 38-year-old former pop star Bobi has always been keen to show his vitality. In April last year, in order to encourage him to exercise in a locked state, he was filmed with push-ups and then repeated the action several times, including in front of cheering students in November.
After get off work last night, I challenged my Bazukulu to exercise indoors. We did forty push-ups.
As I have always suggested, you can stay safe and healthy even in your own home. pic.twitter.com/LKjqwViwlE
— Yoweri K Museveni (@KagutaMuseveni) August 5, 2020
“If your father loves you, he must empower you. In the next five years,’Sevo’ will ensure that we can find a job after graduation.” 25-year-old Angela Kirabo said. Youth unemployment is a major concern.
This economics graduate is a proud Muzukulu (grandson) who grew up in a family that supports the ruling National Resistance Movement (NRM). She also served as the vice chairman of the University Party and believes that there is still a lot of work to be done after the president has been in power for 35 years.
President’s age limit was overturned
John Nagenda, one of his closest friends and advisors, said that Museveni’s selfless spirit was one of the reasons he inspired loyalty.
The 82-year-old said: “He is going to die for Uganda. I am very happy to have him.”
“Most of the other people I know who are presidents want to do it themselves; they want glory. But Museveni wants to do [it] For this country and continent… he is African. “
However, according to the original provisions of the 1995 Constitution, the president should not run for office again after 2005.
Indeed, before that, it was widely believed that he was opposed to staying in power, opposed to this idea, and expressed that he would rather return to his farm.
The journalist William Pike was once regarded as very close to the president and the NRA. In his memoirs, he described how frustrated the president was when asked at a dinner party in the early 1990s whether he wanted to stay in power. His life.
Parker wrote: “Museveni said:’Of course not’, but he was obviously angry at what he thought was the real insult. He did not fake it. At that stage, he did not intend to continue in power.”
But in 2004, something changed his mind, although it is still unclear what it is, and his members of Congress agreed that the constitution should be amended to remove the presidential term limit.
He had the green light to stand upright until he was 75 years old.
Then in December 2017, the constitutional barriers to the age limit of presidential candidates were also removed-this issue led to quarrels on the parliament floor and police attacks on buildings.
Many people think this is how the NRM allows Museveni to become president for life.
The parliament reluctantly repayed the long-serving leader. Members of Congress’ willingness to accept change is closely related to the fact that they believe they should owe their position to the president.
Less challenge to authority
The meaning of sponsorship runs through the entire society.
It sometimes manifests as a development plan for women, marketers and government work. In a country where 15% of young people are unemployed and more than 21% of the population live in poverty, ally with the right party can save the entire village from poverty.
But his supporters point out that Uganda’s transformation is a positive reason for Museveni for more than five years.
Jacob Eyeru, 28, who heads the government’s National Youth Council, said: “If you come from the North and the East, you will understand that peace has been achieved tremendously. These areas have been engulfed by war for 20 years. “
He acknowledged that unemployment is worrying, but he added that NRM “changed the economy to make it not only regionally competitive but also globally competitive”.
Despite these changes, he has also weakened the independence of some of the country’s main institutions to ensure that the challenges to his authority are reduced.
The judiciary is not immune, and in recent years has been accused of recruiting so-called “cadre judges” loyal to the government.
When judges make independent decisions, they sometimes confront the authorities.
For example, on December 16, 2005, well-trained armed security personnel raided the high court in the capital Kampala and arrested suspicious members of the People’s Redemption Army who had just been acquitted on charges of treason.
Justice James Ogoola wrote in a poem about the incident: “They turned the Temple of Tranquility into a battlefield.”
When it comes to challenging election results, with the exception of the 2011 presidential election, the results of all presidential elections have been debated in court. In all cases, the court ruled that the severity of the violation was insufficient to declare its repeal.
The independence of the media is also threatened.
On the surface, Uganda has an active media industry. Under the leadership of Mr. Museveni, the industry has grown into hundreds of private radio and television stations, printing shops, and Internet-based services.
Daniel Kalinaki, general manager of the editorial department of the Nation Media Group, said: “In the early days before cynicism and decay began, there was a bunch of intellectuals within the regime who could tolerate disagreements and were able to debate and disagree. In Kampala.
Kalinaki added that as the government’s leadership lights became “get thinner”, the media had been searched and reporters detained.
But perhaps the most important factor in Museveni’s longevity is that any potential opposition forces have been sterilized.
Opposition supporter was shot dead
It became obvious that he would continue to be in power 20 years ago, and some of his former associates began to leave. When they did, the security forces, touted as the people’s police and army, turned on their guns for these political opponents.
Kizza Besigye of the Opposition Democratic Reform Forum, who was once Museveni’s physician, contended for the first time in the 2001 election. He has been detained and prosecuted on multiple charges of rape and treason, but has never been convicted.
Today, the singer Bobi Wine, whose real name is Robert Kyagulanyi, poses a serious challenge to the president’s rule, and he has become the latest political figure to face the anger of subdued men.
The star power of the congressman has attracted a large number of young people. The congressman was brutally arrested in a colleague by-election held in the northwest town of Arua in 2018. He then faced charges of treason, which was later dropped.
During the election campaign, the police arrested him, gassed him, and shot him and his supporters because they ignored the coronavirus restrictions on gatherings of large groups.
In the two days of protests after Bobi Wine’s arrest in November, 54 people were killed, many of whom were shot dead by security forces.
Putting your head on the railings of Uganda is a brave choice, and anyone who wants to challenge Mr. Museveni should undoubtedly be aware of the level of harassment they may face.
In his 35 years of work experience, he has become the peak of his control. He also managed to reshape himself.
Although he was a political upstart in the early 1940s, anyone who now holds this position could incur his great anger.