Biden’s goals and President Donald Trump’s isolationist approach share a common theme, that is, complete reconstruction: rebuilding the alliance. This strategy aims to repair the worn-out US international relations and reflects his belief that the United States faces The most severe challenges of China, including the climate crisis and the Covid-19 pandemic, require cooperation and coordination from the international community.
Brian McKeon, Biden’s foreign policy adviser and former White House and Pentagon adviser to the Obama administration, said: “Trump’s’America First’ has always been’America alone.'” On the first day in office, [Biden] Will talk to the main allies on the phone and say that the United States is back and that the United States supports you. “
Return to the table with allies
Biden told CNN’s Jake Tapper in September: “Trump has put his fingers in the eyes of all our friends and allies. He champions everybody in the world. The dictator…we lost all our friends.”
Biden’s adviser said that he believes that when the United States’ national security issues are resolved through cooperation with treaty allies, US national security will be stronger and more influential. McCain said: “We have an alliance network that the Chinese do not have and the Russians do not. We will be stronger when we cooperate with these allies.”
Trump has publicly questioned and denied the value of America’s oldest alliance, including alliances with NATO, Germany, South Korea, and Japan. He also withdrew the United States from the Iran nuclear agreement, the Paris Climate Agreement, the World Health Organization and many other UN agencies.
The Democratic candidate told him at CNN City Hall last year that he would ask the countries in the agreement to increase their commitments because “in the past three years, we have learned a lot about science and know that we must What happens faster.” Biden also promised to sign “a series of new executive orders” to surpass the Obama-Biden administration’s climate ambitions and develop tools to combat China’s use of coal and its carbon pollution outsourcing.
Biden said in his foreign policy speech last year: “If Tehran resumes compliance with the agreement, I will rejoin the agreement and work with our allies to strengthen and expand the agreement, while preventing Iran from carrying out other destabilizing activities more effectively. .”
Iran announced last year that in response to the Trump administration’s maximum pressure campaign, it would no longer be limited to the restrictions contained in the transaction.
Covid and WHO
Biden’s adviser said that he will work to reform the World Health Organization and work to ensure that China complies with international agreements in terms of pandemic protection. Biden will also overturn Trump’s decision to withdraw American health scientists from China, who are committed to pandemic detection and surveillance.
His adviser said how the Biden administration will re-enter the World Health Organization and hold it accountable, and will determine the exact plan during the transition period.
They added that Biden’s focus at home will be to vaccinate every American. The consultant said that Biden’s Covid response team will convene domestic and foreign experts.
The US-China relationship is probably the most important and tricky relationship any modern American president must deal with.
Soon after the election, the last remaining nuclear proliferation treaty, the New Cancellation Treaty, expired. Biden’s aides said that if the Trump administration does not renew the agreement, he will make the extension of the agreement a top priority.
It is unclear whether Biden will allow his team to directly contact the Taliban, like the Trump administration.
Biden’s advisers emphasized that during the Obama administration, Biden opposed both the surge in Afghanistan in 2009 and the intervention in Libya in 2011. And we can achieve our goals. “Makkin said.
Former President Barack Obama recently stated that Biden was “probably the most restricted person in the use of force” among foreign policy advisers. He said that Biden learned from the vote that he supported the Iraq war. He has been criticizing. for.
Biden said in the last presidential debate that for him to meet with Kim, North Korean leaders will need to agree to reduce their nuclear capabilities. Given that Kim Jong Il is unlikely to make such a promise, setting the threshold so high makes South Korea, which advocates engagement, nervous.
Israel and Palestinians
Biden’s aides have hinted that Trump’s approach has changed. The President has taken some controversial moves in favor of Israel-including moving the US embassy to Jerusalem and declaring the city as the capital of Israel, but these steps will be difficult to reverse.
Biden has stated that he will not move the U.S. Embassy back to Tel Aviv, but he will resume contact with the Palestinians Trump has severed, and will reopen the U.S. consulate in East Jerusalem, which serves the Palestinians, and resumes The aid of the Palestinians and the UN agencies that supported them and helped reopen the Palestine Liberation Organization mission in the United States, which has been closed by Trump.
Rebuilding the State Council
Biden is committed to rebuilding the diplomatic mission of the State Department.
Obama said that Trump “systematically tried to weaken the foundation of our entire foreign policy” in an interview earlier this month. He added that Biden will rely on the expertise of professional diplomats to rebuild the State Department.
Former senior diplomats who left the department because of the Trump administration’s treatment of professional diplomats warned that if no measures are taken, the damage may be irreversible.
“This damage may be passed on from generation to generation.” The widely respected four-time ambassador, Michael McKinley, testified during the impeachment and resigned last year, he wrote in an Atlantic article last week. He talked about the degree of politicization of the Trump administration’s leadership of the department.