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Home / US / How Biden plans to revoke Trump’s “America First” foreign policy and return the United States to the world stage

How Biden plans to revoke Trump’s “America First” foreign policy and return the United States to the world stage



Biden’s goals and President Donald Trump’s isolationist approach share a common theme, that is, complete reconstruction: rebuilding the alliance. This strategy aims to repair the worn-out US international relations and reflects his belief that the United States faces The most severe challenges of China, including the climate crisis and the Covid-19 pandemic, require cooperation and coordination from the international community.

Brian McKeon, Biden’s foreign policy adviser and former White House and Pentagon adviser to the Obama administration, said: “Trump’s’America First’ has always been’America alone.'” On the first day in office, [Biden] Will talk to the main allies on the phone and say that the United States is back and that the United States supports you. “

Return to the table with allies

Biden told CNN’s Jake Tapper in September: “Trump has put his fingers in the eyes of all our friends and allies. He champions everybody in the world. The dictator…we lost all our friends.”

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Biden’s adviser said that he believes that when the United States’ national security issues are resolved through cooperation with treaty allies, US national security will be stronger and more influential. McCain said: “We have an alliance network that the Chinese do not have and the Russians do not. We will be stronger when we cooperate with these allies.”

Check out Trump and Biden’s head-on confrontation

Trump has publicly questioned and denied the value of America’s oldest alliance, including alliances with NATO, Germany, South Korea, and Japan. He also withdrew the United States from the Iran nuclear agreement, the Paris Climate Agreement, the World Health Organization and many other UN agencies.

Biden’s first year as president will convene a “democracy summit” to “convene the democracies of the world to strengthen our democratic system, face those retrogressive countries honestly, and set a common agenda,” the former vice president Foreign Affairs Papers. Corruption, human rights and the struggle against authoritarianism will be the main themes.

Climate crisis

Biden announced that he will rejoin the Paris climate agreement on the “first day”, and then “unify the world and push our progress further.”
Trump, who withdrew the United States from the Paris Agreement, called it “one of the greatest disasters in history.”

The Democratic candidate told him at CNN City Hall last year that he would ask the countries in the agreement to increase their commitments because “in the past three years, we have learned a lot about science and know that we must What happens faster.” Biden also promised to sign “a series of new executive orders” to surpass the Obama-Biden administration’s climate ambitions and develop tools to combat China’s use of coal and its carbon pollution outsourcing.

Iran

Biden said at the beginning of the campaign that if Iran starts to comply with the agreement, he will rejoin the Iran nuclear agreement. The consultants said that this move will require close cooperation with allies and start new negotiations immediately.

Biden said in his foreign policy speech last year: “If Tehran resumes compliance with the agreement, I will rejoin the agreement and work with our allies to strengthen and expand the agreement, while preventing Iran from carrying out other destabilizing activities more effectively. .”

Iran announced last year that in response to the Trump administration’s maximum pressure campaign, it would no longer be limited to the restrictions contained in the transaction.

Covid and WHO

Return to the World Health Organization is also on Biden’s list of immediate policy changes. This was after Trump announced earlier this year that the United States would leave the organization.

Biden’s adviser said that he will work to reform the World Health Organization and work to ensure that China complies with international agreements in terms of pandemic protection. Biden will also overturn Trump’s decision to withdraw American health scientists from China, who are committed to pandemic detection and surveillance.

Use CNN’s interactive map to build your own road of 270 electoral votes

His adviser said how the Biden administration will re-enter the World Health Organization and hold it accountable, and will determine the exact plan during the transition period.

They added that Biden’s focus at home will be to vaccinate every American. The consultant said that Biden’s Covid response team will convene domestic and foreign experts.

China

The US-China relationship is probably the most important and tricky relationship any modern American president must deal with.

Biden said Trump said that China is unstable and Biden said that it is in the interests of the United States to cooperate with Beijing, including on climate change and North Korea. Biden’s advisers said he will work closely with allies to put forward a unified position on issues such as Huawei and 5G, intellectual property theft, and China’s expansion in Asian waters.
Biden’s public comments reflected the views of the Obama administration that bringing China into the world system is the most effective way to ensure its compliance with international rules and regulations. In the past, Biden supported China’s status as the most favored country and allowed it to join the World Trade Organization. Biden said in an interview with CNN Jake Tapper, “We want China to grow. We don’t want to go to war with China.”

Russia

Soon after the election, the last remaining nuclear proliferation treaty, the New Cancellation Treaty, expired. Biden’s aides said that if the Trump administration does not renew the agreement, he will make the extension of the agreement a top priority.

Otherwise, Biden hopes to work closely with allies to resist Russian aggression and false information. He said in the second presidential debate that Moscow “will pay the price for its own election intervention” and declared that Russia poses the greatest threat to US security.

Afghanistan

Biden’s advisers said he hopes to end his military commitments in Afghanistan and continue to support negotiations within Afghanistan, but did not disclose details of how he will do so. They said that part of the reason was because it was not clear which situation they would inherit.

It is unclear whether Biden will allow his team to directly contact the Taliban, like the Trump administration.

Biden’s advisers emphasized that during the Obama administration, Biden opposed both the surge in Afghanistan in 2009 and the intervention in Libya in 2011. And we can achieve our goals. “Makkin said.

Former President Barack Obama recently stated that Biden was “probably the most restricted person in the use of force” among foreign policy advisers. He said that Biden learned from the vote that he supported the Iraq war. He has been criticizing. for.

Yemen

In stark contrast to the Trump administration, Biden will end support for Saudi Arabia’s intervention in Yemen. Many members of Congress are opposed to reports of continued and serious human rights violations. The progressive wing of the Democratic Party vigorously pushed Biden to adopt this policy.

North Korea

Biden mocked Trump’s pursuit of friendly relations with North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un, who continued to implement North Korea’s nuclear program despite concessions and high-level meetings.
Biden asked on CNN: “He did some small things to his good friend and sent a love letter to Kim Jong Un. Trump “makes him legal. We are subject to strict restrictions on what we can buy and what we can sell in their economy. He brags. He gave them so much credit. They are closer to nuclear weapons than before. He did the same thing in Iran. I mean, this first made America America. “

Biden said in the last presidential debate that for him to meet with Kim, North Korean leaders will need to agree to reduce their nuclear capabilities. Given that Kim Jong Il is unlikely to make such a promise, setting the threshold so high makes South Korea, which advocates engagement, nervous.

Israel and Palestinians

Biden’s aides have hinted that Trump’s approach has changed. The President has taken some controversial moves in favor of Israel-including moving the US embassy to Jerusalem and declaring the city as the capital of Israel, but these steps will be difficult to reverse.

Biden has stated that he will not move the U.S. Embassy back to Tel Aviv, but he will resume contact with the Palestinians Trump has severed, and will reopen the U.S. consulate in East Jerusalem, which serves the Palestinians, and resumes The aid of the Palestinians and the UN agencies that supported them and helped reopen the Palestine Liberation Organization mission in the United States, which has been closed by Trump.

“Biden has always been a strong supporter of the State of Israel and has always provided assistance to Israel. But he also believes that when dealing with the Palestinians, the two-state solution will be resolved and no measures will be taken to make the two-state solution more difficult. “,” McKenz said.

Rebuilding the State Council

Biden is committed to rebuilding the diplomatic mission of the State Department.

Obama said that Trump “systematically tried to weaken the foundation of our entire foreign policy” in an interview earlier this month. He added that Biden will rely on the expertise of professional diplomats to rebuild the State Department.

Former senior diplomats who left the department because of the Trump administration’s treatment of professional diplomats warned that if no measures are taken, the damage may be irreversible.

“This damage may be passed on from generation to generation.” The widely respected four-time ambassador, Michael McKinley, testified during the impeachment and resigned last year, he wrote in an Atlantic article last week. He talked about the degree of politicization of the Trump administration’s leadership of the department.


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