In 1888, Karl Marx wrote: "Philosophers have interpreted the world only in different ways, but the point is to change it."
On this 200th anniversary of the birth of Karl Marx, we focus on Marx as a political activist, rather than what he is best known for, an economist and philosopher who wrote some of the most important analyzes that explain capitalism and propose an alternative economic model.
In the Communist Manifesto, Marx wrote: "The history of all earlier societies was the history of class struggle." He believed that the political change of the history of conflicts between people who are exploited against the people who exploit them. This exploitation leads to conflicts and revolts, Marx postulated the revolution as the "driving force of history".
The root of the political struggle for Marx was the economic system that produced a class struggle. This conflict has changed throughout history, eg. the serfs against the lords in the feudal age, the slaves against their owners in the time of slavery and today between workers and their bosses or capitalists.
Marx was a political activist working to change the world [1
"Marx was during He was not only a scholar among the books of the London British Museum, but always a militant revolutionary involved in the struggles of his epoch, whose activism drove him out of France, Belgium and Germany in his youth and was forced into exile in England, when the revolutions of 1848 were defeated He promoted newspapers and magazines and always supported the working-class movement in the best possible way Later, from 1864 to 1872, he became leader of the International Working Men's Association, the first transnational organization of the working class and defended the Paris Commune in 1871, the first socialist experiment in de r story. "
Wallerstein adds that Marx played an important role in organizing people internationally and that" Marx's political activity also included journalism. , , He worked as a journalist to earn an income, but saw his contributions as a political activity. He had no feeling of being neutral. He was always a dedicated journalist. "
Marx wrote fiery articles against Prussian authoritarianism at the age of 24. The newspaper he edited was closed by the government in 1842, he was exiled and moved to Paris, where he was expelled in 1844.
Im Marx and Engels published the "Communist Manifesto" in 1848. The "Manifesto" was written as an explanation of the principles of socialism for the Communist League in Brussels and remains a statement of the core principles of socialism until the age of 45 Elected to the General Council of the First International Congress, where he organized the annual congresses of the International.
Marx's vision of socialism had nothing to do with one-party dictatorships such as the former Soviet Union declared itself as Socialist or Communist Marx was not the key question, whether the economy was controlled by the state, but what class the State controlled. A society can only be socialist if power is in the hands of the workers themselves.
Our Tasks: Revealing Inequality, Creating New Economic Systems
Marx's critique of capitalism focuses on how he inevitably leads to the concentration of wealth. Marxism was considered extinct after the Reagan-Thatcher epochs and the end of the Soviet Union. But now, after nearly 40 years of neoliberalism, the inequality of deregulated global capitalism has made occupation 99 percent more than one percent true.
The Independent reports on Marx's Jubilee:
"It does not surprise decades of neo-liberalism were the greatest testimony to how deregulated capitalism, red in teeth and claws, wealth to the top 1 percent or even Recent figures show that the wealthiest eight billionaires in the world (who could be brought into a national transporter) have as much wealth as the lower half of the world's population, or about 3.5 billion people – amazingly enough in 2016 In 2010, there were more than 300 people. So fast, prosperity is taken to the extreme – this can be said to be the vacuum effect unlike the myth of trickle-down economics. "
In the United States, there are three people more wealth than the bottom 50 percent of the native population, "a total of 160 million people or 63 million American households." About one fifth d he Americans have zero or negative net worth. "This figure is even higher for black and Latin American households, the result of decades of discrimination: in some US corporations, the CEO earns more than a thousand times the average worker, meaning that the workers would have to work for more than nine centuries, as much as the CEO in
The contradiction between extreme wealth and widespread poverty and economic insecurity, between the efficient production of goods and services and the refusal to share the wealth created by efficiency, as well as the use of natural resources and destruction Planet Review and the Enormous Threats to Climate Change Cause People to Fail
In 2017, the National Review reported that 40 percent of US people "prefer socialism to capitalism," according to a survey conducted by YouGov from the year 2016 showed that the respondents under 30 the S Socialism more valued cheaper than capitalism, 43 percent versus 32 percent. "Socialism" was in 2015 the most referenced word on the Merriam-Webster website. "Socialism has been at the top of our online dictionary lookup list for several years," said Peter Sokolowsk, editor at .
In 2014, David Harvey, a leading Marxist academic, wrote in Seventeen contradictions and the end of capitalism that the extreme contradictions lead to great changes:
"It is in a political climate like that of the violent and unpredictable eruptions that are taking place episodically throughout the world (from Turkey and Egypt to Brazil and Sweden in 2013), more and more like the earlier shocks for an imminent earthquake that will make the post-colonial revolutionary struggles of the 1960s look like child's play. "
How will this change happen? The answer lies partly in what the willingness to change does. Youssef El-Gingihy writes in the Independent about a Probable Possibility:
"The transition of capitalism to an alternative political and economic system is likely to drag on for a longer period of time, even if it is catalyzed by the revolution, much like feudalism developed through the dual industrial (economic) and French (political) revolution to capitalism, in which the bourgeoisie repressed the aristocratic order that preceded the English civil war of the 17th century. "
We are witnessing the slow transition into the process Developing a variety of economic democracy projects that give workers control over their work by workers' cooperatives, giving communities control over their development through land trusts, giving people direct control over budget decisions through participatory budgeting and democratizing banks through open doors all banks. These are some efforts to create an economy that serves people without restricting control to workers, whose numbers are shrinking due to automation. Many of these new economic models are at an early stage of development.
Marx believed, "No social order is ever destroyed until all the productive forces for which it is sufficient have been developed, and new superior relations of production never replace the older ones before the material conditions for their existence in the old society have matured."
The teachings of Karl Marx show that our task is to exacerbate the class conflict by uncovering the reality of hideous inequality and creating new systems of failure of capitalism.