In September 2020, two parliamentarians in Sweden and Norway said that they nominated the US government and Donald Trump for the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize. Trump, his re-election campaign and supporters called the nomination a major achievement. And pride. However, the rules and history of the nomination process show that merely naming oneself for the Nobel Peace Prize does not necessarily represent the honor or achievement claimed by Trump and his supporters.
On September 9, 2020, Christian Tybring-Gjedde, a member of the Stortinget (Norwegian National Legislative Assembly) from the right-wing Fremskrittspartiet (Progressive Party), interviewed Fox News. He said that he nominated Trump for signing according to the United States in August 2020. The agreement to establish comprehensive diplomatic relations between Israel and the United Arab Emirates, the Nobel Peace Prize.
On September 1
Through the cooperation agreement signed at the White House, I nominated the US government and the Kosovo and Serbian governments to receive the Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of their joint efforts for peace and economic development. Trade and communication are important foundations for achieving peace. pic.twitter.com/XuhkLbHZAV
-Magnus Jacobson (@magnusjacobsson) September 11, 2020
Kosovo has been internationally recognized for many years as a province of Yugoslavia and later Serbia, but declared independence in 2008. Now, it has been recognized as a sovereign state by more than 100 other countries, including the United States, but there is no Serbia.
“A big thing”
Trump, his campaign and his supporters touted the nomination in the days that followed. On September 9, White House Press Secretary Kayleigh McEnany announced the nomination of Tybring-Gjedde and gave an opening speech at the press conference, calling it “a hard-won honor.” The White House tweeted. The nomination was touted on its website, falsely describing Taber Gide as “the chairman of the NATO Parliament” (the agency does not have a chair, but its president is Hungary’s Attila Mestras. Taber. Gide is the head of the Norwegian delegation to the NATO Parliament).
On September 12, at a rally in Minden, Nevada, Trump called the nomination “a major event.” He said that on September 11, he had been “nominated for the Nobel Prize for the second time”. The confused wording made him only nominated for one award despite only two different people. The next day, he touted the nomination again at a rally in Las Vegas, saying to the crowd: “They nominated your president twice last week to win Nobel Prizes on two different themes.”
The Fox News host and one of the president’s most prominent supporters, Sean Hannity, said in a tweet that in “only a week” Trump was “nominated not one, but two The Nobel Peace Prize” is strangely incorrect. The president himself
Between September 10 and September 14, Trump and his campaign ran a total of 48 Facebook and Instagram ads to promote the nomination as part of his campaign to voters. Half of these ads contain graphics with unfortunate spelling errors, which read “President Trump is nominated as noble Peace Prize”:
Although Trump described the nomination as a “big event,” the threshold for being nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize is lower than many American voters think, and the list of nominees is usually neither short nor exclusive. In the past, it even contained the names of some of the most criticized and controversial figures in the history of the 20th century.
It should also be pointed out that the Nobel Foundation has not revealed the name of the nominator or the nominee for 50 years, so from a formal point of view, we cannot be sure that Taber Gide and Jacobson have indeed nominated Trump as Winner Tybring-Gjedde also claimed to nominate Trump for the 2018 award in 2021. In 2016, unconfirmed reports stated that an unnamed person also nominated the upcoming president.
In 2018, a senior official of the final decision of the Norwegian Nobel Committee (the five-member body that made the final decision on the winners of the Peace Prize) confirmed that Trump nominated in 2017 and 2018 respectively Nominated twice. The matter has been forwarded to the Oslo Police Department and the FBI.
“Easy to be nominated”
According to the Nobel Foundation, the Swedish organization that administers the Nobel Prize, one cannot nominate oneself for the Peace Prize. Only living people and active organizations are effective candidates. Individuals in the following categories are eligible to nominate individuals or entities for the Peace Prize:
- Current head of state
- Government and National Assembly members of sovereign countries
- l’Members of Droit International Academy (167 of them)
- Member of the International Committee of the Women’s International Alliance for Peace and Freedom (17 of them)
- University professors, honorary professors and associate professors of history, social sciences, law, philosophy, theology and religion; university presidents and university presidents (or their equivalents); directors of the Institute of Peace and Foreign Policy
- The person who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
- The main board member or equivalent organization that has won the Nobel Peace Prize
- Current and former members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee (the proposal of the current members of the committee shall be submitted no later than at the first meeting of the committee after February 1st)
- Former consultant of the Norwegian Nobel Committee
According to data collected by the Inter-Parliamentary Union, more than 46,000 people worldwide sit in the national legislative assembly. Roughly assuming that the average cabinet size is 20 members (according to existing research), and there are 193 UN member states, the number of government ministers in the world will be approximately 3,800.
According to statistics from the U.S. Labor Office, in the United States alone, there are approximately 170,000 post-secondary teachers in the academic fields designated by the Nobel Foundation. The global number may be a multiple of that number. In 2017, the higher education analysis company Quacquarelli Symonds estimated that the number of global universities may exceed 40,000, so the “directors, principals and equivalents” of these institutions can also be added to the list of nominees.
Therefore, the total number of individuals eligible to nominate others for the Nobel Peace Prize may exceed 500,000, although this is only a rough estimate.
The number of nominations in a typical year is obviously only a small part of that number, but it is still larger than many readers expected. According to the organizers, 318 candidates were nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 2020 (211 individuals and 107 entities). The largest number of candidates was in 2016, when 376 individuals and organizations were nominated.
The Nobel Prize was funded and established in accordance with the wishes of the Swedish chemist and explosive inventor Alfred Nobel (Alfred Nobel). He intends to award the Peace Prize to “the person who has made the greatest or greatest contribution to the promotion of inter-state fellowships, the abolition or reduction of the standing army, and the establishment and promotion of peace representatives.”
However, due to the large number of potential nominees, representing a wide range of views and expertise, the list of nominees for the Peace Prize does not always consist of valuable individuals. In the past, even the most controversial and condemned historical figures of the 20th century have managed to win nominations, including:
- Stalin -Responsible for the deaths of millions of Soviets through political elimination, forced famine and starvation, and mass executions. Nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1945 and 1948.
- Benito Mussolini -The cruel Italian fascist dictator. In 1935, two nominees nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize.
- Josip Broz Tito”) -The controversial dictator of Yugoslavia was declared a “President for Life” at the end of his nearly three decades in power. His secret police violently suppressed dissent and opposed his leadership. In 1963, he was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize.
- Rafael Trujillo -Dominican dictator, during his 31-year rule from 1930 to 1961, characterized by brutal and violent suppression of cruel dissidents and opponents, and the Parsley massacre of October 1937, in which Truci Slightly ordered the execution of thousands of Haitians, many of them with machetes. In 1936, he was nominated for 7 Nobel Peace Prizes.
In 2019, Olav Njolstad, Secretary of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, summarized the dynamics of the nomination process and told AFP: “There are too many people who have the right to nominate candidates, and nominate candidates and Not complicated…” Geir Lundestad, former commissioner of Njolstad, added: “It is easy to be nominated. It is much harder to win.”