Washington (Associated Press)-In the first 100 days of his term, President Biden’s focus on controlling the coronavirus in the early days of his administration seemed to have paid off: He could fulfill almost all his campaign promises for the pandemic.
Biden has fulfilled a series of major campaign promises he made on climate change and the economy. But facts have proved that for the government, some issues are more difficult, including immigration. Faced with a sharp increase in unaccompanied minors seeking to cross the border, Biden is working hard to implement promising reforms. According to some of his promises, Biden is waiting for Congress to take action.
Biden’s position in some of his main commitments:
-Increase the refugee limit from 1
Nowhere to go. The White House first stated that it would stick to Trump’s 15,000 ceiling due to “humanitarian concerns.” After facing strong opposition from Democrats, it changed its position and said that Biden will raise the lowest refugee ceiling set by Trump in history, but it may not always reach the level of 62,500 that Biden previously planned. . The actual number of admissions this year is likely to be close to 15,000.
-Increase humanitarian resources to the border and encourage public-private partnerships to deal with the increase in immigration there.
Yes, but is it enough? The Department of Homeland Security has deployed the Federal Emergency Management Agency to help respond to the crisis. The number of border arrivals has increased significantly, and Biden has signed an executive order requiring officials to prepare plans to use humanitarian resources there. He has not established any new public-private partnerships. The largest number of unaccompanied children in the history of the border has caused excessive overcrowding in the facilities of the Customs and Border Protection Agency and sparked frantic competition for temporary venues in convention centers, military bases and other large venues.
-Reform the asylum system in the United States.
Incomplete Biden signed an executive order in February instructing its officials to develop immigration strategies that include refugees and asylum seekers. Biden had promised to introduce a new “humane” asylum system, but he and his assistants were dismissive of the schedule and did not provide specific details. He cancelled some policies of the Trump era, such as requiring new asylum seekers to be in Mexico. But he retained the controversial policy of the Trump era, which allowed Customs and Border Protection to deport undocumented immigrants to avoid the spread of COVID-19. In addition to proposing to spend billions of dollars to address the root causes of Central America, Biden has not yet clearly formulated a plan to manage asylum.
-Submit a comprehensive immigration reform bill to Congress within his first 100 days.
-End travel restrictions for people from most Muslim countries.
-Reverse the Trump era order, expand the criteria for deportation of immigrants, and return to the Obama era principle of giving priority to deportation of immigrants who pose a risk to national security, border security or public health.
-Stop funding and build the border wall.
-Reverse Trump’s public charging rules and discourage immigrants from using public interests.
-Restore the principle of expelling foreigners in the Obama era. These foreigners are considered to constitute a national security threat or have committed crimes in addition to the crime of illegal entry.
-Freeze deportation for 100 days.
Tried, but was blocked in court.
-Simplify and improve the naturalization procedures for green card holders.
processing. Biden signed an executive order in February, ordering the development of a plan to improve the naturalization process, and the Department of Homeland Security has since revoked certain Trump-era regulations, seeking public input on obstacles to naturalization, and reverting to application The 2008 version of the American citizenship test is considered easier than the transformation of the Trump era.
-End family separation and set up a task force to reunite families separated at the border.
processing. Biden signed an executive order to terminate the policy and set up a task force dedicated to reuniting families. The work of the working group is progressing slowly because it requires access to thousands of records.
-Request to review the “temporary protection status”.
No review has been ordered, but Biden’s Department of Homeland Security has approved the use of TPS by Venezuelans and Burmese, extending it to Syrians, and extending the related program to Liberians.
-Convene a meeting of regional leaders, including officials from El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico and Canada, to address the factors driving immigration and propose a regional resettlement plan.
not yet. Vice President Kamala Harris, who is responsible for addressing the root causes of immigration, has spoken with the leaders of Mexico and Guatemala, but there are no upcoming regional meetings.
By restoring DACA (the Obama-era policy to protect them from deportation), those who are often referred to as “dreamers”-young immigrants brought into the United States illegally by their parents-and their families are protected.
The Secretary of Homeland Security, Alejandro Mayorkas, said in March that his agency was issuing a rule to “protect and strengthen DACA,” but the policy faces a Texas court A challenge that may invalidate the protection of people often referred to as “dreamers.”
—Ensure that personnel within immigration and customs enforcement agencies and customs and border protection agencies comply with professional standards and are responsible for inhuman treatment.
Biden included funding for training and investigations of misconduct in his immigration bill and his budget to Congress. His government is facing allegations of abuse in at least one facility in Texas, which are under investigation.
-End the long-term detention of immigrants and invest in the establishment of a case management system to handle personnel.
No announcement has been made to increase investment in the case management system. The government did make a plan to release parents and children within 72 hours of arriving in the United States in March. Officials subsequently admitted that due to the increase in the number of unaccompanied minors arriving at the border and the lack of facilities to house them, the Border Patrol has detained hundreds of children for longer periods of time.
-Military ban on transgender transgender.
-Establish a police supervision committee.
abandoned. The Biden administration stated that after consulting with civil rights organizations and the police union, it said it would be counterproductive.
-The Attorney General provides a list of recommendations on restructuring the Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives Administration and other Ministry of Justice agencies to better enforce gun laws.
-Instruct the FBI to issue a report of delays in the background investigation of gun purchases.
-Reauthorization of the Act on Violence against Women
Action by Congress is required.
-Sign the equality law
Action by Congress is required.
-The creation of a cabinet-level working group with a focus on promoting union organization, whose task is to develop plans to increase union density and resolve economic inequality.
-Rejoin the World Health Organization
-Ensure that he has received 100 million vaccines by the end of his first 100 days, and then increased to 200 million vaccines.
-Increase access to testing and establish a pandemic testing committee.
-Issue mask authorization for federal property and require Americans to wear masks for 100 days.
-Expand nationwide restrictions on evictions and foreclosures.
-Continue to suspend student loan payments.
-Safely reopen most K-8 schools.
According to data collected by the school tracking website Burbio, as of April 18, 62% of schools offer face-to-face learning every day. It is not clear how many of these schools are elementary schools.
-Promote the adoption of the $1.9 trillion COVID-19 relief legislation announced last week.
Finished; the bill passed in March.
-Repeal the Keystone XL oil pipeline permit, protect the Arctic National Wildlife Sanctuary, rejoin the “Paris Climate Agreement”, and accept the “Kigali Amendment” of the Montreal Protocol to reduce harmful HFCs or hydrogen Fluorocarbon.
-Convene a climate summit and persuade countries to make more ambitious emission commitments.
-It is forbidden to lease new oil and natural gas on federal land and offshore waters.
To some extent-he suspended new oil and gas leases on federal land and waters indefinitely.
-Reverse Trump’s requirements for 100 public health and environmental regulations.
processing. On the day of the inauguration, Biden signed an executive order requesting a review of the Trump-era rules on the environment, public health, and science, and has begun to reduce certain rules.
-Removal of Trump’s 2017 cuts in corporate tax rates.
processing. Biden proposed to increase the corporate tax rate from the 21% tax rate set by Trump in 2017 when he overhauled the tax law to 28%.
-As part of the COVID-19 relief, a direct payment of $2,000 is provided.
complete. Biden approved the aid package before he took office and provided $600 in direct payment to eligible Americans. Biden said the payment should be $2,000. His $1.9 trillion relief plan includes an additional direct payment of $1,400, which adds up to $2,000 in the previous round.
-Suspend federal student debt payments.
-Require a review of the U.S. supply chain.
-“End the eternal war in Afghanistan and the Middle East” and end the US intervention in the Yemeni civil war.
processing. Biden announced that he will withdraw troops from Afghanistan starting on May 1, and will redeploy no later than September 11.
-Put human rights at the center of foreign policy.
Mixed up. Biden has directly raised concerns with Chinese President Xi Jinping about human rights violations by Hong Kong, Xinjiang Uyghurs and ethnic minorities in western Xinjiang, as well as actions against Taiwan. He has repeatedly expressed concerns about the imprisonment and treatment of Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny. However, even if U.S. intelligence releases showed that Salman approved the attack, Biden refused to allow Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman to directly kill Jamal Khashoggi, a journalist based in the United States.
-Improve relations with allies who have a bad relationship with Trump.
Mostly done. Allies like Canada’s Justin Trudeau and Germany’s Angela Merkel for stormy relations with their allies praised Biden’s efforts to restore U.S. leadership on climate issues. The leaders of the Indo-Pacific region are satisfied with the early efforts to coordinate China’s policies.
-Reversing “the embrace of dictators and tyrants such as Putin and Kim Jong Un.”
Mostly done. Biden has imposed two rounds of sanctions on the Russians. His government decided to measure Putin’s approach and stated that he was interested in finding areas where the United States and Russia could find common ground. Biden’s team admitted that they had tried to re-engage with North Korea, but was refused.
-As long as Tehran resumes compliance, it will quickly rejoin the nuclear agreement with Iran.
Mixed up. Indirect dialogues are ongoing between the other signatories to the 2015 agreement, including officials from the United Kingdom, Germany, France, China, and Russia, with U.S. officials also present. But the way forward is uncertain, as Tehran has so far refused to comply with the old agreement without sanctions and has recently begun enriching uranium to the highest purity it has ever seen.
-Treat the atrocities against the Armenians during the First World War as genocide.
fully. As a candidate, Biden said that if elected, he would make it US policy to recognize hundreds of thousands of Armenians more than the killings and mass deportations of the Ottoman army a century ago-this is a concern that the former president has avoided making to anger. Strategic ally Turkey. Biden fulfilled his promise in the annual commemoration of the Armenian Genocide Day. Turkey quickly condemned the move.
Associated Press writer Josh Boak contributed to this report.
Biden Promise Interactive Tracker: https://interactives.ap.org/biden-promise-tracker