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Hawaii Kilauea volcano eruption: More Big Island residents said they were ready to evacuate



Officials of the Civil Defense Department of Hawaii requested residents of a community near Kilauea Volcano to be vigilant in case of persistent volcanic activity and hazardous emissions and to be evacuated at short notice, reports CBS Honolulu Affiliate KGMB. Scientists believe that the conditions for a major explosion are ripe in the next few days, reports Carter Evans of CBS News.

The people of Puna are also told they can voluntarily evacuate to one of two evacuation homes in the community centers of Pahoa and Keaau. At Puna, dangerous fumes continue to spew out fifteen columns that span nearly three miles, reports KGMB.

Since the beginning of the eruption more than a week ago, 36 structures, including 27 houses, have been destroyed. Lava now covers more than 1

17 acres of land on the Big Island.

USGS scientist Tina O'Neal said on Friday that earthquake activity and soil activity are still high, suggesting that magma is still close to the surface. There were no outbreaks overnight, but the O & Neal said the situation was still unstable.

Geologists warn of a possible explosion on the summit of Kilauea might be the largest in nearly 100 years, boulders hurling the size of refrigerators. Since last week Lava is branched off to the summit of the volcano and breaks through the soil in the 15 columns. As a result, the lava levels in the main crater of the volcano have dropped. If more rocks and boulders fall into the crater, blockages can occur and pressurize the steam as the lava reaches the groundwater. The resulting explosion can blow stone and ash for miles.

Scientists believe that lava that broke out is magma that has been stored in the ground 63 years ago since the eruption of Kilauea volcano. Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientist Tina Neal said Friday that an analysis of the rock samples shows that the chemistry of the lava is similar to that of a 1955 eruption.

She said that the lava was cool and lazy.

Neal said fresh, hotter lava could be created because the magma moved the Kilauea Fault Zone toward the eruption of the volcano.

She said that hotter, fresher, and gassiger magma can lead to voluminous lava flows. Fresh magma can also produce lava fountains that are shot higher into the air, and larger, faster-moving lava flows.

The Governor of Hawaii, David Ige, has signed an application for President's request for the Great Island Threshold for more federal assistance.

© 2018 CBS Interactive Inc. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be published, transmitted, rewritten or redistributed. The Associated Press contributed to this report.


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