Senate members issued a ruling on Monday, paving the way for unlimited use of the budget process to circumvent legislative obstruction.
The ruling of Elizabeth MacDonough (which is barely known to the public) could change the way Washington operates and give the Democratic Party significant leeway to advance its agenda in the next two years.
These are the five reasons that decided to change the rules of the game.
Without the support of GOP, Biden might do more
The most direct change brought about by the decisions of members of Congress is President Biden Suddenly, even if the Senate passed 50-50 and Vice President Harris voted in the tiebreaker, there were more options to pass the main part of his agenda.
The chairman of the Senate Budget Committee said: “This is important because it gives us more flexibility-we don’t have to package everything together.” Bernie SandersBernie Sanders, “Hill’s Morning Report”-Biden’s infrastructure plan sparked Sunday’s definition debate-focus on Bernie Sanders’ infrastructure (I-Vt.) Speaking on MSNBC Monday night.
Budget checking is a process that can avoid legislative obstacles, but it must be linked to annual budget decisions.
At the beginning of his term, Biden saw three opportunities for using budget workarounds. The first $1.9 trillion COVID-19 relief bill that uses the 2021 resolution that Congress was unwilling to approve before the start of the fiscal year in October. The second will be linked to the 2022 fiscal year. Next year, it is possible to use the third before the 2023 fiscal year, but before the Democrats face midterm elections, this may cause them to lose control of any house of Congress.
The new ruling means that Biden can theoretically go back many times, and he wants to modify the budget resolution to pass more policies, regardless of the fiscal year and budget.
For example, if it’s easier to package the infrastructure into four separate bills, or if he wants to pass additional COVID-19 relief, raise corporate taxes, or change Medicare’s eligibility age (none of which is supported by the Republican Party), then he now has Qualifications of members of parliament. It is blessed to be reconciled or at least try to do so.
It further weakens the power of the obstructor
Progressives speak out for the majority leader of the Senate Charles SchumerChuck Schumer (Chuck Schumer) From steel to fiber, the library is the infrastructure of the United States. Regarding the Iran nuclear deal, what should moderate Democrats do?Gun control advocates praised Biden’s funding plan, but said more must be done (DN.Y.) to eliminate objections, which is the 60-vote threshold required to advance most legislation.
This ruling may remove certain obstacles because it will make it easier for the ruling party to pass legislation in the Senate with a simple majority.
Currently, this applies to Democrats who control both houses of Congress and the White House. In the future, it will provide similar opportunities for Republicans, who were in the same position in 2017 and may reappear in the future.
However, given that there are strict restrictions on the types of legislation that can be used for settlement advancement, critics may be dissatisfied with critics.
Although the budget solution is ideal for changing taxes, benefits, certain health care parameters and even large-scale investments, it has a great impact on issues that are not directly related to deficits.
The policy restrictions (collectively referred to as the Bird’s Rule) restricting settlements require that no policy be “attached” to its budget effect. This is proposed by members of Congress on a case-by-case basis.
In late February, she ruled that the minimum wage increase had not been cut. If Democrats try to advance labor rights legislation, such as the PRO law, gun legislation, voting rights and immigration reform, and the priorities of all political parties, there may be similar rulings.
For any one of them to pass, they either need to silence the opposition’s voice, or they need the support of 10 Republican senators.
It gives Sen greater power. Joe ManchinHill’s Morning News-Biden McConnell agrees to conflicts over vaccines and infrastructure. Manchin asked the CDC to investigate the HIV outbreak in West Virginia. Senate members asked Democrats to bypass the Republicans on the other two bills. Obstruction
In the case of uneven distribution in the Senate, Democrats cannot pass legislation through reconciliation, resulting in a single defect.
No senator is more willing to use this power than the most conservative Democratic Senator in the House of Representatives, Joe Manchin (W.Va.).
Manchin said that the minimum wage should only be raised to $11 an hour, instead of the $15 an hour required by most parties, and is different from Biden’s corporate infrastructure payment plan, which raises corporate tax from 21% to 28%.
He said that he opposes raising this ratio to more than 25% and knows nothing about his position.
He said on Monday: “If I don’t vote for it, then it doesn’t make any sense.” “So we will use some leverage here.”
Manchin has proven that he means business.He nailed the coffin of the nominee of the White House budget director Neera teethNeera Tanden 2024 GOP The White House hopes to lead to opposition to the Biden cabinet The White House postpones the release of the budget plan Biden said the cabinet “looks like America” at the first meeting. More When he said he would not vote to confirm her.
But others are catching up with the trend of the game and starting to raise their voices, which means that it may be more difficult to maintain the unity of the 50-person core group with diverse ideologies.
its. Mark WarnerAfter the recent attack by Mark Robert Warner, lawmakers struggled with the security of the Capitol.Warner urges Zuckerberg to resolve vaccine misinformation on Facebook and Instagram. American schools are increasingly returning to face-to-face learning. More (D-Va.) is a centrist, he also said that Biden will pass its infrastructure plan, and the moving senator will need to make major changes. Ron WydenSenator Ronald Lee Wyden (Ronald Lee Wyden) asked Democrats to bypass Republican obstruction on two other bills. Senate Democrats announced the international tax plan. Are they worried about China?Make it easier to source from other places The head of the Finance Committee (D-Ore.) proposed his own version of international corporate taxation legislation, which differs from the approach outlined by Biden.
It decouples the legislative plan from the budget
Because of the troublesome solutions embedded in budget decisions, the legislative calendar is to some extent tied to the regular appropriation process for funding the government.
The settlement bill is derived from the same budget resolution, which determines the overall spending level for the next fiscal year and sets the amount to be spent on defense and non-defense priorities.
The timeline for passing the settlement bill has become complicated due to the need to agree on the overall level of expenditure for the year before the budget is passed.
That will be a daunting task. Biden has not yet proposed his own overall expenditure figures for next year, and other new governments will complete this work in mid-March. His budget office stated that these figures will be released in the last week of March, just to postpone the release.
After the overall budget number is agreed, Congress will need to go through a long process to pass 12 separate spending bills before the end of the fiscal year on September 30-the Senate has a threshold of 60 votes, which will require the support of the GOP. Or face potential shutdowns.
But the congressman’s ruling that Congress can modify the resolution means that the two are no longer tied together, a calendar barrier can be eliminated, or at least other complicated solutions are not required.
It relieves the pressure on the debt ceiling
In the past few governments, the potential catastrophe that has plagued Washington, especially the Democratic Party, is the debt ceiling or debt ceiling.
Even if Congress passed its spending and tax policies and set deficits and borrowing requirements, the Treasury Department was still prohibited by law from borrowing beyond a certain limit.
If Congress does not take action to suspend or increase the limit when the debt defaults, the country will default on its debts, which may trigger a global financial crisis.
Republicans have repeatedly used the debt ceiling as a bargaining chip, especially in 2011, when the speaker at the time John BonnerJohn Andrew Boehner (John Andrew Boehner) MSNBC host: Boehner’s “crazy” pursuit of the Republican Party is now “too late”, Sean Hannity responded to former Speaker Boehner: “Weep What’s wrong with John’s?” Boehner’s speech on Bachmann: Right-wing media makes “people who were once marginal figures become influential media stars” MORE Ohio (R-Ohio) insisted on reaching an agreement to limit spending to increase the debt ceiling, and thus formulated a 10-year ceiling spending plan. Congress subsequently overturned this plan year by year.
But the good news for Democrats is that Congress can pass a budget settlement bill to raise the debt ceiling.
The current suspension of the debt limit will end in August. The Treasury can use internal “unconventional measures” to buy for a few more weeks, but in the end, Democrats will either have to end their infrastructure bills at that time or find themselves bargaining with Republicans to increase the limit.
Democrats have been thinking about whether they can simply introduce separate settlement bills in the three areas controlled by the process: expenditures, taxes, and debt ceilings.
The congressman’s ruling means that they no longer have to worry about this approach, nor how the timing of the debt ceiling will affect their infrastructure plans.