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Five: Space missions in 2021 | Space



James Webb Space Telescope

This NASA telescope, which replaced the Hubble Telescope in the United States, has suffered many delays-its first planned launch was in 2007. Due to Covid, the takeoff in March 2020 was delayed, and its initial $500 million budget has spiraled to more than $10 billion (£7.4 billion). It is more sensitive than the Hubble Telescope, and once operated, it will be able to observe the formation of some of the first galaxies. It will be launched on the European Ariane 5 rocket on October 31

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Mars mission

The UAE's
The UAE’s “Hope” probe was launched in July last year. Photo: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries/AFP/Getty Images

The three missions already launched will meet Mars in 2021. On February 9, the UAE’s “Hope” probe should arrive and begin to orbit the Earth to study its atmosphere and weather. In a few days, China’s “Tiantian No. 1” orbiter will arrive in search of potential landing sites, and then place the lander on the ground in a few months. Also in February, Nasa’s “Mars 2020” will also join the party and release its Perseverance Rover on February 18 to look for signs of microbial life and to return to Earth by future missions. Of rocks are drilled.

Artemis 1

Artist image of Artemis mission to the moon.
Artist image of Artemis mission to the moon. Photo: AP

Last year, NASA announced plans to return astronauts to the moon in 2024. The first phase of the plan-sending unmanned aerial vehicles into lunar orbit-will be launched in November. However, there may be further delays, and the cost of the plan will be reviewed by the incoming Biden administration.

China Space Station

Artistic image of the modular space station in China's plan.
The artist’s impression of the planned modular space station in China. Picture: Chinese News Service

The first module of this long-term project will be launched in the first half of this year. The construction process takes about two years. Once the spacecraft enters an orbit about 240 miles (380 kilometers) from the earth, 18 “Tecno” crew members have been selected.

Darts mission

Graphic rendering of the collision between the Dart mission and the Didymos binary asteroid system.
The Dart mission will collide with the Didymos binary asteroid system rendered by the artist. Photo: AFP/Getty Images

NASA will start a double asteroid redirection test in July. The probe of the sounding asteroid Didymos in 2022; then it will impact the asteroid’s moon Dimorphos. Two European spacecraft will monitor the impact and its impact on the rocky orbit.


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