Ms. Khatoon, 34, fled Rakhine State in 2017 and gave birth to her second child in the camp. She said that she had turned her cabin into a family home. She said that now, she and her family have no food to eat and nowhere to go.
Since the campaign of killing, rape and arson against them was launched in 2017, more than 730,000 Rohingya, mainly Muslims, have fled Myanmar to Bangladesh. The town of Cox’s Bazar in southern Bangladesh has become a temporary shelter for hundreds of people and thousands of Rohingya refugees fled the violent movement of the Burmese army. The Rohingya were mercilessly persecuted by the Burmese government and Buddhist mobs, who constitute the majority in Burma.
Mr. Manen said that since 2017, more than 1 million refugees (half of them are children) have lived in cramped camps with little freedom of movement and insufficient opportunities for education and abuse, including child marriage.
He said: “To put it simply, despite the unremitting efforts of humanitarian groups, there is no place where children can grow up in refugee camps.”
In May last year, a similar fire destroyed more than 400 houses in the Kutupalang refugee camp near Cox’s Bazar. As the population increases and new shelters are built over time, officials say it has become increasingly difficult for firefighters to travel through slum areas.
The Bangladeshi authorities said they are trying to reduce the population of certain camps and plan to move 100,000 people to an island in the Bay of Bengal. Human rights groups criticized the plan, saying that the Rohingya were once again forcibly displaced.