Dubai, United Arab Emirates (AP)-The battle for an ancient desert city in war-torn Yemen has become an understanding of the broader tensions that are now exacerbating the situation in the Middle East and what President Joe Biden’s administration is facing in order to withdraw U.S. troops from the United States The key to the challenge is the region.
As the Iran-backed Houthi insurgents in the Yemeni capital Sanaa attempt to occupy the city, this is vital to the country’s energy supply. In the mountains outside of Marib, fighting has been going on.
Saudi Arabia, which has led the military alliance since 201
The battle for Malibu is likely to determine the contours of any political settlement in Yemen’s second civil war since the 1990s. If caught by the Houthis, the insurgents can use this advantage in negotiations and even continue to develop south. If Marib is controlled by Yemen’s internationally recognized government, it may rescue its sole stronghold because the separatists challenge its authority elsewhere.
This struggle has also put pressure on the United States’ most powerful Arab Gulf allies and restricted the United States’ return to Iran’s nuclear deal. It even complicates the Biden administration’s efforts to slowly transfer the long-term large-scale military deployment of the United States to the Middle East in response to what it considers to be emerging threats from China and Russia.
Abdul Ghani Aliani, a senior researcher at the Sana’a Strategic Research Center, said that the loss of Malibu would be “the last bullet among the internationally recognized heads of government.” “This will lay the foundation for the disintegration of the Yemeni state. You are looking for a generation of instability and humanitarian crisis. You will also see a free theater for regional intervention.”
The ancient oasis became the front line of war
Malibu is located 120 kilometers (75 miles) east of Sana’a, on the edge of the empty desert of the Arabian Peninsula, at the foot of the Sarawat Mountains that drive along the Red Sea.It is believed that this is the hometown of the Queen of Sheba in the Bible, He provided King Solomon with a wealth of spices and gold. In the Qur’an, the collapse of the ancient dam is the place where the flood is flooded.
The disaster that plagues this city today is entirely man-made. According to the UN refugee agency, more than 800,000 refugees fled Houthi to take over Sanaa in September 2014, and the subsequent war caused the city’s population to surge.
Acquiring Marib or cutting it off in other ways will be a major award for Houthis. International companies such as Exxon Mobil Corp. and Total SA are interested in the oil and gas sector. The natural gas bottling plant in Marib produces cooking gas for 29 million people in the country. Its power plant once provided 40% of Yemen’s electricity. The modern dam in Malibu is an important source of fresh water in arid countries, although it has never been fully developed even in peacetime.
When Saudi Arabia participated in the Yemen war on the side of the government-in-exile in 2015, Saudi Arabia formed an alliance with the Marib tribe, who had long believed that Sanaa and Houthis had deprived them of their rights. Another major political force is the Sunni Islamic party Islah, a branch of the Yemeni Muslim Brotherhood. These scattered forces provide a lifeline for Yemen’s embattled government-in-exile, which is already facing pressure from the Allied Separatists in the South.
Ahmed Nagi, a non-Yemen expert at the Carnegie Middle East Center, said that starting from the autumn of 2019, Saudi Arabia has reached an agreement with Houthis. Najib quoted two Houthi officials familiar with the discussion as saying that a reverse channel agreement prevented both the Saudis and the rebels from attacking densely populated areas.
But when Houthis started to push towards Marib againAfter that, the Saudis resumed large-scale bombing operations.
Najib said that for the Houthis, “they think they get more benefits from the war than the peace talks.” For the Saudis, “if they lose Marib, they will get zero cards at the negotiating table.”
Yemen stuck in a vise
The escalating conflict around Malibu coincides with major changes in the U.S. war policy. After Saudi Arabia’s campaign to support this move, the administration of President Donald Trump declared Huchit a “foreign terrorist organization.”
After Biden took office, the appointment of the Houthi terrorist was revoked. He also announced that the United States will stop supporting Saudi Arabia’s offensive operations in Yemen. He said: “This war must end.”
But even if Saudi Arabia recently proposed a ceasefire agreement, the fighting around Malibu will only escalate.. Iran’s dissatisfaction with the Biden administration’s failure to lift the sanctions quickly led to “intensified attacks by the Iraqi group, and Yemen also launched attacks.”
Tabrizi said: “Iran is trying to send a message to the United States.” “This shows that the status quo is unsustainable.”
While experts debate how much control Iran exerts over the Houthis, insurgents are increasingly launching bomb-carrying drones that have previously been in deep contact with Tehran within the country.The attacks included a drone crashing into a parked commercial airliner And other major oil facilities, Temporarily destabilizing energy prices.
The Saudi government said in a statement to the Associated Press: “Unfortunately, the U.S. government removed Huchit from the list of (foreign terrorist organizations). This seems to have been misunderstood by Huchit.” This misunderstanding caused them to intensify hostilities with the support of the Iranian regime.”
Saudi Arabia said that since the outbreak of the war, the Houthis have launched more than 550 bomb-carrying drones and more than 350 ballistic missiles to Saudi Arabia.Although this caused destruction, injury and at least one death, the war in Yemen reportedly killed more than 130,000 people. Saudi Arabia has exacerbated international threats due to air strikes killing civilians and embargoes, and the country is on the brink of famine.
Although Biden withdrew his support, the US-made aircraft and ammunition sold to Saudi Arabia still targeted Yemen. Iran’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei (Ayatollah Ali Khamenei) linked the armed country to the United States and allowed war to occur.
“I’m asking the Americans this question: Do you know what will happen when the Saudis enter the green light of the Yemen war?” Khamenei asked in his speech on March 21. “Do you know that you are trapping Saudi Arabia in a quagmire?”
US WEIGHS Intermediate Deployment
Biden’s efforts to end the war in Yemen came at a time when his government tried to re-sign Iran’s nuclear agreement with world powers. The indirect dialogue started in Vienna on Tuesday.
Al-Iryani, a researcher at the Sanaa Center, said: “Iranians are eager to exchange Yemen cards for something more durable.”
Such a transaction may be in the interests of the United States. The Biden Department of Defense is considering redeploying troops, especially those in the Middle East. Experts call this a “major-power conflict” facing the United States with China and Russia..
Withdrawal from the Middle East may increase the strength that the United States may need elsewhere. However, this may be easier said than done.
In Yemen alone, since George W. Bush, every U.S. president has launched a drone attack on Al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula, which has long been considered by Washington to be the most dangerous branch of the militant group mechanism. Biden himself has not launched any strikes, although the organization is still operating in the eastern part of the country.
The US military remains in Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria. At the same time, Gulf Arab countries like Saudi Arabia rely on US troops stationed in their country to deal with Iran.
U.S. troops sent troops to Saudi Arabia in 2019Deploy anti-missile batteries in the tense relations with Iran. However, the US military has recently reduced its size.
The Saudi government said: “Saudi Arabia believes that the US presence in the region can help promote security and stability in the region by supporting allies facing transnational threats mainly initiated by the Iranian regime.” It did not comment specifically on the redeployment.
In general, the U.S. military will remain in the Middle East because it is still vital to the global energy market and includes important maritime choke points that can be traded globally. He said that as the United States is considering how to balance Iran by re-signing the nuclear agreement, the face of these forces will change.
Stan said: “This will not solve the Iran problem.” “This gives us the ability to manage, just like we are in hospice care.”
Follow Jon Gambrell and Isabel DeBre on Twitter at www.twitter.com/jongambrellAP and www.twitter.com/isabeldebre.