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Exercise, a healthy diet for middle-aged people may prevent serious health conditions in the elderly



A new study shows that a diet of vegetables and other healthy foods and regular physical exercise may be the key to optimal cardiometabolic health for middle-aged adults later in life. Journal of the American Heart Association.

Risk factors for heart health include metabolic syndrome, a range of diseases, including excess waist fat, insulin resistance and high blood pressure. This study shows that the presence of metabolic syndrome may increase the risk of heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes.

“2018 American Physical Activity Guidelines” and “2015-2020 American Dietary Guidelines” point out that middle age gives life the most beneficial cardiometabolic health results. The physical activity guidelines recommend that adults do at least 1

50 minutes of moderate exercise or 75 minutes of vigorous exercise, such as walking or swimming, every week. The diet guidelines updated in January 2021 provide recommendations for healthy eating habits, nutritional goals and dietary restrictions.

In an analysis of data from participants in the Framingham Heart Study, which started 70 years ago in Framingham, Massachusetts, the research investigators examined data from 2,379 adults over 18 years of age and their comments on these two guidelines. Compliance. The study authors said they observed that meeting both of these recommendations during middle age was associated with a lower chance of metabolic syndrome and severe health conditions, as participants were older in the 2016-2019 senior-age exam.

Corresponding author Vanessa Xanthakis said: “Health care professionals can use these findings to further educate patients and emphasize the benefits of healthy eating and regular exercise to avoid many chronic health conditions in this and future lives.” Boston University School of Medicine Assistant Professor of Medicine and Biostatistics in the Department of Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology, PhD, FAHA, in a press release. “The earlier people change their lifestyles, the more likely they are to reduce their risk of cardiovascular disease in later life.”

The study participants were selected from the third generation Framingham Heart Study. Participants were examined between 2008 and 2011, and the researchers assessed physical activity using a special device called an omnidirectional accelerometer.

The device that tracks sedentary and physical activity was worn on the hips of the participants for 8 days. Researchers also collected dietary information from food frequency questionnaires to measure the types and levels of foods and nutrients consumed.

In this analysis, the researchers observed that 28% of all participants complied with the recommendations of the physical exercise and diet guidelines at the same time, while 47% met the recommendations in only one of the guidelines.

The researchers also observed:

  • Participants who only followed physical exercise recommendations had a 51% lower chance of developing metabolic syndrome.
  • Participants who only followed the dietary guidelines had a 33% reduction in the risk of illness.
  • Participants who followed these two guidelines had a 65% lower chance of developing metabolic syndrome.

Xanthakis said in the press release: “It’s worth noting that we have observed that the dose response that follows the diet and physical activity guidelines is associated with the risk of cardiometabolic diseases later in life.” “Participants who meet the physical exercise guidelines increase their diet Compliance with the guidelines has gradually reduced the risk of cardiometabolic diseases.”

The study authors said that because all study participants were white, the results of the study cannot be generalized to other races or ethnic groups. They added that additional research is needed for studies with multi-ethnic participation samples.

reference

Exercise and middle-aged dieting may prevent serious health conditions in the elderly. American Heart Association. Released on March 31, 2021. Visited on March 31, 2021. https://newsroom.heart.org/news/exercise-healthy-diet-in-midlife-may-prevent-serious-health-conditions-in-senior-years


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