The EU’s chief negotiator, Michel Barnier, will briefly introduce the agreement to the Committee of Permanent Representatives (COREPER) composed of EU ambassadors, which will be announced on Thursday more than four years after the UK voted to leave the EU Finalized.
After months of intense negotiations, the deal was reached a few days before the December 31 deadline (the end of the Brexit transition period).
EU leaders, the European Parliament and the British Parliament now all need to approve the agreement on their own.
British lawmakers will debate the legislation on December 30. The opposition Labor Party said it would support the government’s deal.
All EU member states have signed the agreement and then returned it to the European Parliament, where members of the European Parliament will vote to approve the agreement.
The European Parliament stated that it was too late to hold an emergency voting meeting before December 31
Instead, they plan to apply the EU-UK agreement “temporarily”, and members of the European Parliament (MEP) formally convene to approve the New Year’s agreement. Parliament will meet on December 28 to discuss the Christmas Eve transaction.
- Zero tariffs and commodity quotas
- The end of free activities means that British citizens will no longer have the right to work, live, study or start a business in the EU without a visa
- Border inspections will be carried out between the UK and EU member states
- There will be no hard border on the Irish island between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland
- The UK will be able to further develop its fishing activities in at least five and a half years, during which time the European fishing community will be guaranteed
- A joint commitment to protect the environment, fight climate change and carbon pricing
- A mutual commitment to protect society and labor rights
- Maintain tax transparency standards
- Passenger and worker rights in the transportation sector
- Until 2027, the UK will continue to participate in many EU projects, such as Horizon Europe (Horizon Europe)
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson said in a speech shortly after the announcement on Thursday that the agreement was “a good deal” for “Europe as a whole”, which showed that “sometimes it is a difficult and difficult new Stability and new certainty”. relationship. “
He responded to the nationalist remarks that were so prominent in the Brexit referendum: He said: “From January 1st, we have taken back control of the law and destiny… We are not outside the customs union and the single market. ; British law will be completely formulated by the British Parliament and interpreted by British judges in the British courts; the jurisdiction of the European Court of Justice will cease.”
Johnson claimed that the United Kingdom had reached a “Canadian-style” trade agreement worth 660 billion pounds ($893 billion), and talked about the fisheries agreement (which is a key issue in the negotiations), saying that the United Kingdom has retracted the “full control”.
European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen said that the EU has reached a fair and balanced post-Brexit trade agreement, but said the EU has the upper hand in the negotiations.
“As we know, in any case, if the United Kingdom is going to carry out a difficult Brexit, it will not be good for both sides, but it will bring the full force of 450 million citizens to the United Kingdom, which is more hit than the European Union. Therefore, from With a strong position, we can reach the most comprehensive agreement we have reached.”
“So for all Europeans, it’s time for Britain to leave the European Union-our future is realized in Europe.”
Luke McGee and Kara Fox contributed to this story.