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Eritrea’s role in the conflict in Ethiopia

Eritrean leader Isaias Afwerki (Isaias Afwerki) and Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed (Abiy Ahmed)
Eritrean leader Isaias Afwerki (Isaias Afwerki) and Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed (Abiy Ahmed)

The President of Eritrea Isaias Afwerki (Isaias Afwerki) proved to be an Ethiopian Nobel Peace Prize winner and a staunch ally of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, which marks a once-untouchable Man’s political destiny is changing, which provides much-needed support for his troops, the Tigri People’s Liberation Front (TPLF).

In a recent speech to the Ethiopian Parliament, the Nobel laureate revealed that Eritrea is a highly militarized one-party country. They had already fed when TPLF first attacked them and occupied its stronghold in Tigray, Ethiopia. Dressed and armed, Ethiopian soldiers retreated to the border with Eritrea.

Mr. Abiyi said this made it possible for them to return to fight the TPLF, a former guerrilla unit with about 250,000 troops until the area was deposed on November 28.

He added: “The people of Eritrea have shown us…in a difficult day, they are our relatives.”


On December 9, 2020, 49-year-old Addis Sissay walked into the door of the destroyed house in Bisobo Village, Tigri Region, Ethiopia
The conflict in Tigiri destroyed many lives

This is an important acknowledgment by Mr. Abi, although he did not admit that Mr. Isaias also sent troops to help defeat the TPLF, which is the long-term enemy of the Eritrean leader who has been in power since 1993. .

The hospital was allegedly shelled

TPLF, civilians fleeing the conflict and Eritreans inside and outside the country claim that Eritrean troops are fighting in Tigri.

He said: “Isaiah sent a young Eritrean to die in Tigray. The war will further weaken the economy. But Isaiah will be in power for a long time. He lets the people fight for survival lest they fight for freedom.” Paulos Tesfagiorgis, an Eritrean human rights activist, was forced into exile in the Asmara regime.

The US State Department spokesperson also said that the report on the presence of the Eritrean army in Tigri was “credible” and called it a “serious development.”

Both governments denied the report, and Eritrean Foreign Minister Osman Saleh Mohammed described it as “propaganda.”


As for the head of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, he said that Mr. Abi assured him that there is no Eritrean army in Tigri, but after the two countries reached a historic peace agreement in 2018, Ethiopia has agreed to surrender its territory.

The agreement ended the “no war, no peace” situation that has existed between the two countries since the 1998-2000 border war, which killed as many as 100,000 people. It won the Nobel Peace Prize for Mr. Abi, although the territory had not yet been handed over to Eritrea when the Tigri conflict began in early November.

Mr. Abi’s government has severely restricted access to Tigray by the media, United Nations agencies and human rights agencies, making it difficult to verify reports or investigate allegations of atrocities against parties to the conflict, including shelling hospitals from Eritrean territory.

Eritrea did not comment on the so-called shelling mentioned in the statement by the UN human rights chief. Mr. Abi denied that his troops killed a civilian in Tigray.

Rashid Abdi, an analyst based in the Horn of Africa in Africa, said: “This war is fought in absolute darkness. No one knows the true scale of the conflict or its impact.”

Eritrean troops accused of robbery

American analyst Alex de Waal said he learned from UN sources that the conflict has caused “mass displacement” in the region, which is the poorest population in Ethiopia, with about 5 million people.

Dewar said: “If this situation continues, there will be a massive famine in Tigri and people will be full of life and anger.”

He added that he also learned from reliable sources in Tigray (including clergy) that Eritrean troops were involved in the robbery.

“We heard they were even stealing the door. [and] Bathroom accessories. “He said.

More information about the Tigray crisis:

Other Eritreans say that soldiers, including their relatives, are fighting TPLF forces on several fronts, some of them even wearing Ethiopian camouflage.

Eritrea insists that it has no troops in Tigri, quoting the foreign minister as saying: “We did not intervene.”

But the exiled former Eritrean diplomat Abdella Adem (Abdella Adem) said that he himself knew the soldiers wounded in the fighting, and a source at the public hospital in the southern town of Senaf told the BBC that Eritrea and Ethiopian troops have been treated there.

‘Isaiah seeks liquidation of TPLF’

Other sources in Eritrea said that Ethiopian troops were also seen regrouping near the centre of Hagaz and taking their wounded to the nearby Gilas Military Hospital.

Gaim Kibreab, an Eritrean scholar based in the United Kingdom, said he believed that Mr. Isaias had sent troops to Tigri to “clean up” the TPLF. He added that this was from 1998-2000. The main goal of Eritrean leaders since the border war.

TPLF was in power at the time by the federal government of Ethiopia and the Tigray regional government.

Military tank cemetery, Central Region, Asmara, Eritrea, August 22, 2019 in Asmara, Eritrea.
After the 1961-1991 War of Independence, a military tank cemetery was established in Eritrea

“In the 1998-2000 war, TPLF humiliated the president [Mr Isaias] Take over the small village of Badme. Even when an international court ruled that the village belonged to Eritrea, the Sierra Leone People’s Liberation Movement refused to evacuate the occupied area for 18 years.

Gaim added: “The president has been waiting for this moment. The task force leadership underestimated his cunning and patience, and the consequences are at his own risk.”

Launch missiles to Eritrea

Supporters of Isaias insisted that the Eritrean army did not cross Tigri, saying that they were only pursuing the goal of retaking sovereign territory by taking over Badme and surrounding areas without causing casualties.

Paulos expressed a different view: “Badme has returned to Eritrea, but has not announced it publicly because this is not Isaias’ main concern. He continues to suppress the Taiping Party.

“Abby was originally a mediator and reformer, but later fell into the trap of revenge for Ethereum, which is what Isaias wanted.”

Women waving and smiling
When the Ethiopia-Eritrea border reopened in 2018, the celebrations broke out

Mr. Abi said that he tried to resolve the differences with the task force peacefully, but after seizing the military base in a night raid on November 3, he was forced to take action to convince him that he wanted to overthrow his government.

Although Mr. Isaias gathered to provide assistance at the time, the official Eritrean media kept the audience from understanding the conflict, and even failed to report the launch of a missile from the TPLF that landed on the outskirts of the capital Asmara in early November. The explosion heard by the residents.

Dawit Fisehaye, a former Eritrean government official who was exiled, said: “Eritrean TV was talking about bomb explosions in Syria, but when the missile landed on Asmara, it said nothing.”

Eritrean Information Minister Yeman Meskel stated in a tweet that “to expand its [the TPLF’s] The final blow, foreseeable, albeit insignificant behavior.”

“Refugee kidnapped”

Eritrea’s Internet access is restricted, and the country has no independent media and no opposition parties-the fate of 11 politicians and 17 journalists detained almost 20 years ago remains unknown.

In addition, military conscription is necessary and job opportunities are limited, causing many people, especially young people, to flee the country. About 100,000 people have lived in the UN refugee camp in Tigray for many years.

The UN refugee agency says it has received “a large number of reliable reports” that these refugees have been killed, kidnapped and forcibly returned to a one-party country in the current conflict.

Although the person behind the kidnapping was not named, a refugee told the BBC that it was Eritrean soldiers who loaded them onto a truck in the town of Adigrat and took them across the border to the town of Adigala.

Eritrea did not comment on the alleged involvement in the incident, but Eritrea had previously accused the United Nations agency of conducting a “smear campaign” and trying to reduce the country’s population.

Mr. Davidt said he did not believe the regime would reform.

“So far, nothing has changed in Eritrea because the leadership does not want to do this, and the demise of TPLF will not change this. Expecting reform is a fantasy,” he added.

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