قالب وردپرس درنا توس
Home / Science / Discovery of a new coral reef higher than the Eiffel Tower off the coast of Australia

Discovery of a new coral reef higher than the Eiffel Tower off the coast of Australia



The Schmidt Ocean Institute said this week that Australian scientists have discovered a separate coral reef on the Great Barrier Reef that exceeds the height of the Empire State Building and the Eiffel Tower. This is the first discovery in more than 100 years.

The institute, founded by former Google boss Eric Schmidt and his wife Wendy, said that the “blade-like” coral reef is about 500 meters high and 1.5 kilometers wide. This is almost equivalent to the height of the CN Tower, which has an antenna of 553 meters.

The reef is located 40 meters below the surface of the sea and about six kilometers from the edge of the Great Barrier Reef.

A team of scientists from James Cook University, led by Robin Beaman, was mapping the North Seabed of the Great Barrier Reef on the Institute’s Falkor ship when they discovered the Institute’s reef on October 20 Figure. What did we find. “Byan said.

Watch | Scientists explore newly discovered huge coral reef

Scientists in Australia have discovered a coral reef with a history of millions of years, making the Empire State Building dwarf. 1:51

He said that this is the first time an independent coral reef of this size has been discovered in more than 120 years, and in a healthy ecosystem, it is booming with “fishy wind”.

The discovery was made after a study earlier this month found that the Great Barrier Reef had lost more than half of its corals in the past three decades.

The newly discovered coral reef is located 40 meters below the sea surface and about 6 kilometers from the edge of the Great Barrier Reef. (CBC)

Reef explored by robots

Scientists used an underwater robot called SuBastian to take records of their exploration of the new reef and collected marine samples on the way. These samples will be archived and placed in the Queensland Museum and Tropical Queensland Museum.

Beaman added: “It is incredible not only to map the coral reef in 3D, but also to visually see SuBastian’s discovery.”

This still picture was taken from the video on October 25, and is a sample collected from a coral reef by a robotic arm. (Schmidt Institute of Oceanography, Reuters)

Although the northern part of the Great Barrier Reef suffered bleaching in 2016, Biyang said the independent reef showed no signs of damage.

When the water temperature is too high, bleaching occurs, forcing the coral to expel the living algae and calcify and whiten it.

The Great Barrier Reef extends 2,300 kilometers (1,429 miles) down the northeast coast of Australia and is half the size of Texas. It is a World Heritage Site listed by UNESCO as the most extensive and spectacular coral reef ecosystem on the planet in 1981.




Source link