Insulin controls the level of sugar in the blood by regulating the conversion of glucose to energy or the further use of storage in the liver.
When we eat food, our body takes in glucose from the food, which causes blood sugar levels to rise. This causes the release of insulin in healthy individuals, which instructs your cells to absorb glucose and use it as energy, which in turn lowers your blood sugar levels.
People with type 1 or type 2 diabetes need insulin injections to facilitate this process. Nearly 24% of diabetic patients take insulin.
A person can take several types of insulin, but it depends on how well each person’s body uses insulin and the type of diet they follow.
People who are resistant to insulin or consume too much carbohydrates need to take higher doses of insulin.