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Coral peaks were found in Australia’s Great Barrier Reef



Explorers on the Great Barrier Reef discovered a huge coral peak.

This week, a group of scientists reported the discovery of a detached coral feature that rose from the seabed to nearly a third of a mile higher than the Empire State Building. Its discoverer called it the first large new element discovered in Australia’s famous coral reef system in more than 120 years.

In addition, compared with the Great Barrier Reef and many other diseases around the world, new coral reefs are booming. Corals in warm, contaminated water are often exposed to environmental pressures, which can cause them to turn white and kill them if used for a long time. This waste is called coral bleaching.

Robin Beaman of James Cook University, the chief scientist of the expedition, said: “This is a beautiful day,” and this is the first time the team has shed light on a huge new reef.

The discovery was made by Australian scientists and the Schmidt Institute of Oceanography in Palo Alto, California. The institute was co-founded by former Google chairman Eric Schmidt and his wife Wendy. The institute allows scientists to use its research ship, Falkor, for free. The ship can map the distant seabed almost within the length of a football field using sound beams and lower tethered and autonomous robots that can capture close-up images of unexplored depths.

Since the beginning of this year, the Australian team has used this ship to explore the Coral Sea, discovering peculiar features and life forms, as well as the depth of darkness in Western Australia. There, it stumbled upon a entangled gel-like creature, which is about 150 feet long and may be the longest sea creature in the world.

From a distance, the Great Barrier Reef looks like a huge coral outcrop structure. It is the largest coral reef system in the world, extending more than 1,500 miles along the northeast coast of Australia, and has attracted great attention due to repeated bleaching of its shallower parts. But this is not continuous. Instead, it consists of hundreds of islands and thousands of individual reefs, some of which surround the islands, some stand alone, and some form long ribbons parallel to the coastline.

The new discovery is located in the northern part of the reef, about 60 miles from the Cape York Peninsula. The Cape York Peninsula is a wilderness area in the northernmost part of Australia, with almost no towns, ports or tourists. This makes the nearby coral reefs relatively difficult to visit and explore.

Even so, a long time ago, sailors still marked seven pinnacle reefs on the promontory, which, by definition, were separated from the main barrier system. The detached reef is bathed in clear water, and there are sponges, corals and brightly colored fish and sharks everywhere. It is an oasis for migrating marine life. Their remoteness makes them little research on pinnacles. The Australian Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority has given them the highest level of protection, which restricts commercial fishing and other activities. A separate reef on Rennes Island is the most important green turtle nesting area in the world.

A new pinnacle was discovered one and a half mile from a known independent coral reef. Dr. Beeman worked as a hydrographic surveyor in the Royal Australian Navy, and he said he and his team were convinced that it was previously unknown. He added that its seven relatives were drawn 120 years ago in the 1880s.

He said that the team first caught a glimpse of the new apex on October 19, and drew its deep outline with sound beams the next day to draw it out. He said: “We can see it in 3D mode.” Then, the team conducted an exploratory dive with an underwater robot on October 25, and showed close-up images in real time on the Schmidt Academy website and YouTube channel. .

Speaking of the life commotion at the summit, Dr. Bian said: “This is really exciting.” “There are sharks everywhere, three different kinds of sharks.” This dive not only found fish and corals, but also found nautilus. shell. Nautilus is a living fossil whose ancestors can be traced back to 500 million years ago.

Dr. Billan said that the limestone base of the coral reef is about a mile wide, while the top of the mountain rises 1,690 feet, 130 feet below the sea.

He said that the summit is ancient and has reached its current height after millions of years of slow growth. Dr. Billan said that the reason for this is that as Australia’s land base moves down during geological periods, the seabed gradually recedes, a process known as continental drift. In response, corals continue to build new layers, so their symbiotic algae will be close enough to the surface to use sunlight for photosynthesis.

He said: “They grow from top to bottom.” “They have been close to this living area.” Dr. Biman added that the expedition found hundreds of small peaks that failed to form enough new layers. These peaks are called Drowned the coral reef.

He said of the newly discovered reef: “This fish has been alive and continues to grow.” “Coral is so simple. But they built these incredible structures.”


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