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Home / World / China Passes Comprehensive Hong Kong National Security Law: Report

China Passes Comprehensive Hong Kong National Security Law: Report



According to an unnamed source quoted by Hong Kong Radio Broadcasting Corporation (RTHK), Beijing’s highest legislative body, the National People’s Congress (NPC), unanimously passed the law on Tuesday morning local time, bypassing Hong Kong’s legislature, and passed A rarely used constitutional backdoor.

China’s state-run Xinhua News Agency previously reported that the law would criminalize crimes such as splitting the country, subverting the central government, terrorism, and colluding with foreign forces.

The draft law was made public before it was passed, which means that most people in Hong Kong have not yet seen the details of the laws that will now govern their lives.

The passage of the law has not been officially confirmed, and the details are unclear. However, Radio Hong Kong reported that according to the law, the highest possible penalty will be “much higher” than ten years’ imprisonment.

Hong Kong Chief Executive Lin Zhengyue refused to comment on the progress of the bill at a weekly press conference on Tuesday morning, saying that the National People̵

7;s Congress is still in progress and “inappropriate” answering questions.

The legislation has been widely criticized by Hong Kong opposition lawmakers, human rights groups, and politicians around the world. Many said that the law would consolidate Beijing’s direct control of semi-autonomous cities. Many people worry that the law may be used to target political dissidents. This concern stems from China’s judicial track record.

This law was passed before July 1, the anniversary of Hong Kong’s handover from British colonial rule to China in 1997. This has become the city’s annual protest day, but since the handover, this is the first time that protesters have been allowed to hold peaceful demonstrations.

“One Country, Two Systems”

The passage of the law is expected to exacerbate the city’s anger and protest. Last year, the city lasted for six months due to increasing anti-government unrest.

Opponents of the law say this marks the end of “one country, two systems.” This principle has enabled Hong Kong to retain limited democracy and civil liberties since China controlled it.

Most importantly, these freedoms include the right to assembly, freedom of the press, and the right to judicial independence, which is a right that China does not have.

Since the protests last year, Chinese officials and official media have been defending the law, which is essential to protect national security. Since the massive protests in 2003, the Hong Kong government has failed to pass similar legislation for 17 consecutive years.

In the legal blueprint disclosed by Chinese official media Xinhuanet on June 22, the law will allow mainland Chinese officials to conduct business in Hong Kong for the first time and give Beijing the power to override local laws.

Lin said in a statement last week that the law will ensure “Hong Kong’s long-term prosperity and stability” and “will only target a very small number of people.” She said that the proposed bill “conforms to the rule of law” and “the rights and freedoms of the Basic Law and relevant international conventions in Hong Kong”.

According to the blueprint, the law will allow Beijing to establish a national security office dispatched by mainland security agencies to oversee local law and order. A National Security Council will also be established, a consultant appointed by Beijing, and operating under the “supervision of the central government.”

In addition, the Chief Executive of Hong Kong, the Chief Executive, will select judges to hear national security cases, while the mainland Chinese authorities will be able to “exercise jurisdiction” over cases under special circumstances. This controversial clause makes it possible for people to commit certain crimes in China. Some crimes. Hong Kong may conduct trials in the Mainland.

In the end, the blueprint clearly shows that national security laws outperform local methods. If there is a conflict with existing Hong Kong laws, the National Security Law shall prevail.

Reactions in Hong Kong and around the world

Many people in the city condemned the lack of transparency in the law. In a letter to the Hong Kong government, Philip Dykes, chairman of the Hong Kong Bar Association, said that the secrecy of the law was “really extraordinary” and called on the government to specify how to guarantee the minimum rights of citizens.
Activist Wang Ruohua (Joshua Wong) led a large-scale democratic protest in Hong Kong in 2014 Say on Twitter It “marks the end of Hong Kong that the world knew before”.

He said that Hong Kong “will continue to fight for freedom and democracy for Hong Kong’s next generation. When justice fails, our struggle will continue.”

China imposes tit-for-tat visa restrictions on Hong Kong officials and US officials

Human rights organization Amnesty International says the legislation “represents the biggest threat to human rights in the city’s recent history.”

Joshua Rosenzweig, the head of the Amnesty International China team, said: “From now on, China will have the right to impose its own laws on any suspects it chooses.”

He said: “The speed and confidentiality of China’s promotion of this legislation have heightened concerns that Beijing has systematically manufactured repressive weapons to deal with government critics, including those who only express opinions or conduct peaceful protests.”

On Monday, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced the termination of US defense equipment exports to Hong Kong. Pompeo said that this move is necessary to protect the national security of the United States because tensions between China and the United States continue to escalate.

“With Beijing moving forward through the National Security Law, the United States will today terminate the export of U.S.-origin defense equipment and will take steps to impose the same restrictions on China’s U.S. defense and dual-use technology against Hong Kong.”, Pompeii Say. “The United States is forced to take this action to protect the national security of the United States. We can no longer distinguish the export of regulated goods to Hong Kong or mainland China.”

This is the conclusion of the US government that, after Beijing imposed the National Security Law on Hong Kong, Hong Kong will no longer be self-governing from China. Therefore, this is the first step taken by the US government to undermine the special status trade relationship between the US and China. .

This is a developing story

CNN’s James Griffiths, Jadyn Sham, Nectar Gan and Jessie Yeung contributed to the report and writing.




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