China’s state-run Xinhua News Agency previously reported that the law would criminalize crimes such as splitting the country, subverting the central government, terrorism, and colluding with foreign forces.
The draft law was made public before it was passed, which means that most people in Hong Kong have not yet seen the details of the laws that will now govern their lives.
The passage of the law has not been officially confirmed, and the details are unclear. However, Radio Hong Kong reported that according to the law, the highest possible penalty will be “much higher” than ten years’ imprisonment.
Hong Kong Chief Executive Lin Zhengyue refused to comment on the progress of the bill at a weekly press conference on Tuesday morning, saying that the National People̵
The legislation has been widely criticized by Hong Kong opposition lawmakers, human rights groups, and politicians around the world. Many said that the law would consolidate Beijing’s direct control of semi-autonomous cities. Many people worry that the law may be used to target political dissidents. This concern stems from China’s judicial track record.
This law was passed before July 1, the anniversary of Hong Kong’s handover from British colonial rule to China in 1997. This has become the city’s annual protest day, but since the handover, this is the first time that protesters have been allowed to hold peaceful demonstrations.
“One Country, Two Systems”
The passage of the law is expected to exacerbate the city’s anger and protest. Last year, the city lasted for six months due to increasing anti-government unrest.
Most importantly, these freedoms include the right to assembly, freedom of the press, and the right to judicial independence, which is a right that China does not have.
Since the protests last year, Chinese officials and official media have been defending the law, which is essential to protect national security. Since the massive protests in 2003, the Hong Kong government has failed to pass similar legislation for 17 consecutive years.
In the legal blueprint disclosed by Chinese official media Xinhuanet on June 22, the law will allow mainland Chinese officials to conduct business in Hong Kong for the first time and give Beijing the power to override local laws.
According to the blueprint, the law will allow Beijing to establish a national security office dispatched by mainland security agencies to oversee local law and order. A National Security Council will also be established, a consultant appointed by Beijing, and operating under the “supervision of the central government.”
In addition, the Chief Executive of Hong Kong, the Chief Executive, will select judges to hear national security cases, while the mainland Chinese authorities will be able to “exercise jurisdiction” over cases under special circumstances. This controversial clause makes it possible for people to commit certain crimes in China. Some crimes. Hong Kong may conduct trials in the Mainland.
In the end, the blueprint clearly shows that national security laws outperform local methods. If there is a conflict with existing Hong Kong laws, the National Security Law shall prevail.
Reactions in Hong Kong and around the world
He said that Hong Kong “will continue to fight for freedom and democracy for Hong Kong’s next generation. When justice fails, our struggle will continue.”
Human rights organization Amnesty International says the legislation “represents the biggest threat to human rights in the city’s recent history.”
Joshua Rosenzweig, the head of the Amnesty International China team, said: “From now on, China will have the right to impose its own laws on any suspects it chooses.”
He said: “The speed and confidentiality of China’s promotion of this legislation have heightened concerns that Beijing has systematically manufactured repressive weapons to deal with government critics, including those who only express opinions or conduct peaceful protests.”
“With Beijing moving forward through the National Security Law, the United States will today terminate the export of U.S.-origin defense equipment and will take steps to impose the same restrictions on China’s U.S. defense and dual-use technology against Hong Kong.”, Pompeii Say. “The United States is forced to take this action to protect the national security of the United States. We can no longer distinguish the export of regulated goods to Hong Kong or mainland China.”
This is the conclusion of the US government that, after Beijing imposed the National Security Law on Hong Kong, Hong Kong will no longer be self-governing from China. Therefore, this is the first step taken by the US government to undermine the special status trade relationship between the US and China. .
This is a developing story
CNN’s James Griffiths, Jadyn Sham, Nectar Gan and Jessie Yeung contributed to the report and writing.