Arturo Di Modica (Arturo Di Modica) is a Sicilian-born sculptor, known as the “charged bull”. He illegally stored 3.5 tons of bronze militants in Lower Manhattan one night in 1989 and died on Friday at his home in Victoria, Italy. He was 80 years old.
The dealer Jacob Harmer confirmed his death. He did not specify the cause, but said that Mr. Di Modica had been ill for several years.
Mr. Di Modica’s “Charging Bull” made with his own hands and his own money quickly became one of the country’s most famous artworks and became the photogenic handwork of millions of tourists, many of whom may not have Aware of illegal sources.
The permission he did not get was to place his huge sculpture outside the original location on the New York Stock Exchange.
Di Modica decided that kindness was better than trivial matters such as city permits, so for a few weeks after midnight, he had been scouting on Wall Street and noticing the frequency of police passing.
Then, at around 1 am on December 15th, he loaded the sculpture on a flatbed truck and drove to the broad street next to the stock exchange, where 40 friends were waiting.
But there is a problem: Since the last time he went there, a huge Christmas tree has been erected on the stock exchange, right where he wanted to deposit the “charging bull”.
“Throw the bull under the tree,” he shouted. “This is my gift.”
However, the officials of the stock exchange did not appreciate his generosity. They transported the sculpture to the police warehouse in Queens that afternoon.
Mr. Di Modica was upset, but that night he received an offer to move the sculpture to Bowling Green near the park at the foot of Broadway. He visited the warehouse and was fined $500. On December 20, he moved to a new residence on Transportation Island. The island has been 33 years old and can charge through the financial district at any time.
Arturo Ugo Di Modica (Arturo Ugo Di Modica) was born on January 26, 1941 in the small town of Victoria in Sicily. His father, Giuseppe, owns a grocery store; his mother, Angela, is a housewife.
In 1960, at the will of his parents, he left home to Florence, where he took courses at the Academy of Fine Arts, doing odd jobs and trying to make himself a sculptor. He was too poor to use the foundry or even afford metalworking tools, so he made it himself.
He won praise for his work exhibition in 1968, which was abstract at the time and was influenced by Henry Moore. He moved to Manhattan in 1970 and established a studio on Grand Street in the SoHo neighborhood, which was at the beginning of the Bohemian artist stage. Mr. Di Modica is just right, often hand-crafting his huge marble and bronze on the street in front.
His first large-scale New York performance in Battery Park in 1977 was disappointing. Few people showed up and none of the critics participated. An angry Mr. Di Modica rented three trucks. He and a group of friends drove his eight huge sculptures to Rockefeller Center and stored them here late at night.
He was ordered to pay a small fine-but he said he soon sold all eight works.
Di Modica (Di Modica) took similar measures on Valentine’s Day in 1985. At that time, during the day, he installed a semi-abstract horse sculpture “Il Cavallo”. At the back of the car, it was covered with a red blanket. He once wrote “Be My Valentine, New York Love AD”. He placed it on the plaza at Lincoln Center, surrounded by onlookers.
If Mr. Di Modica was not as well-known as his contemporaries in the New York art world in the 1980s, it is partly because he did his best to keep himself out. Few of his friends are artists. He rarely attended parties, and until 2012, he didn’t even have a dealer to represent him.
Nevertheless, by 1987, he had established a roster of wealthy customers and made enough money to buy a Ferrari 328 GTS, and often dine at Cipriani, a power lunch agency in downtown Manhattan.
“He couldn’t imagine how he would live like this when he ran away from home,” said Hamel, his dealer. “He feels owed to the United States.”
Therefore, when the stock market crashed in November and the country fell into panic, he felt he had to act. He spent two years and his own $325,000 to produce “Charging Bull”, which he later said evokes the “strength and determination” of the American people.
Di Modica sold the sculpture in the 1990s, but he rejected an offer to move it to a Las Vegas casino. He eventually sold it to British investor Joe Lewis on the condition that Mr. Lewis would never remove it from the location of Bowling Green. The price Lewis paid was not disclosed, but Di Modica’s initial asking price was $5 million. (Mr. Lewis bought several other copies of the sculpture.)
In 2000, Di Modica (Di Modica) married Stefania Oriana Drago (Stefania Oriana Drago), the latter with his daughter Marianna and stepdaughter Na Nadia survived together. Complete information about the survivors could not be obtained immediately.
Mr. Di Modica is extremely protective of his work. In 2006, he sued Walmart and several other companies for using “Charting Bull” pictures on their products.
Together with tourists, this work attracts more than just criticism of street style. In 2008 and 2017, it was again damaged by paint. In 2019, a man attacked it with what witnesses said looked like a temporary metal banjo, leaving six in one of its corners. Inches long of gas. During the Occupy Wall Street protests in 2011, the police surrounded it with high fences for fear that militants might attack it as a symbol of American capitalism.
One night in 2017, artist Kristen Visbal imitated Mr. Di Modica’s original stunts and illegally placed his bronze statue on the opposite side of the sculpture – this statue is a bronze girl with ponytails, Stand with your fist facing “Charming Bull”.
Ms. Visbar called her work “fearless girl”, which also attracted many tourists. But Mr. Di Modica was not happy. He said that Ms. Visbal changed the meaning of his work and made it a super-masculinity against the power of girls, rather than the general optimism he intended.
In 2018, the “fearless girl” was moved to the front end of the New York Stock Exchange, not far from where Mr. Di Modica left the “charging bull” that night in 1989.
Since the late 2000s, Mr. Di Modica has spent more and more time in his hometown of Vittoria, where he purchased a 13-acre sculpture school. He invested money in the project and eventually sold his SoHo studio to fund the project.
Despite his ongoing struggle with bowel cancer and other diseases, he still focused on another huge sculpture, which is his largest sculpture to date: two 40-foot-tall breeding horses – he said, the prototype is going The 132-foot job will one day cross a river near Victoria.
He completed the prototype design in 2019 and is still working hard even if his health deteriorates. When he died, he had just started using the final version.
He told Mr. Hammer: “I must finish this thing.” “I will die to work.”