California Governor Gavin Newsom (Gavin Newsom) signed a bill on Wednesday that will establish a working group to study and formulate a proposal to pay compensation to enslaved black descendants.
Congressional Act 3121 requires a nine-person body to make recommendations on what compensation should be granted and who should receive compensation. In addition, the organization can advise the state legislature on how California should apologize for “serious human rights violations and crimes against humanity committed against African slaves and their descendants” and state laws that do not eliminate disproportionate effects on blacks.
The Democratic congresswoman Shirley Weber, who wrote the bill, said: “California has reached a consensus on many issues, but there is no consensus on its role in slavery.” “We are talking about truly solving the justice of this country that we must solve. And fairness issues.”
The team will study the lingering effects of slavery, including how it benefits public and private institutions and can lead to racial disparities in imprisonment, unemployment, wealth, housing, health care, and education. The bill stated that from 1619 to 1865, 4 million African Americans and their descendants were enslaved in the United States.
The late Representative John Conyers of Michigan introduced slavery compensation legislation for nearly three decades in the House of Representatives, but took no action. In 2019, Representative Shelia Jackson Lee of Texas introduced a bill requiring the establishment of a committee to study and formulate compensation recommendations.
Before signing the bill, Newsom said: “Advancing this cause is not just a question in the questionnaire of the candidates, but it is beginning to take shape here. This is a meaningful moment.” It has been long overdue.”
He pointed out that the law has the support of both parties.
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He will appoint five members of the working group, and the remaining members will be appointed by state legislators. The first meeting will be held before June 1, 2021.