United Nations (AP)-The United Kingdom distributed a draft resolution to the UN Security Council on Friday, requiring all warring parties to immediately establish a “continuous humanitarian pause” so that people in conflict areas can be vaccinated against COVID-19.
The proposed resolution reaffirms the Security Council’s request for a “full and immediate cessation of hostilities” in the major conflicts in Syria and Yemen to the Central African Republic, Mali, Sudan and Somalia on July 1 last year. The Secretary-General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, issued his first appeal on March 23, 2020 in response to the coronavirus pandemic.
The draft “emphasizes the need for solidarity, fairness and effectiveness, and invites advanced economies to donate vaccine doses to low- and middle-income countries and other countries in need (including through COVAX facilities)”
The British draft emphasizes that “fair access to affordable, certified safe and effective COVID-19 vaccines is essential to ending the pandemic.”
It will recognize the role of “widespread immunization against COVID-19 as a global health public health for preventing, controlling and stopping the spread to end the pandemic.”
The draft obtained by the Associated Press is a follow-up to the appeal made by the British Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab to the 15-member Security Council on Wednesday. The resolution passed a call for localization in conflict areas. Resolution to cease fire to allow delivery of COVID-19 vaccine.
The United Kingdom says that more than 160 million people are in a country plagued by conflict and instability and are at risk of being rejected by the coronavirus vaccine.
Raab said: “Casefires have been used in the past to vaccinate the most vulnerable communities.” “There is no reason why we can’t… In the past we have seen polio vaccines available to Afghan children, to name just one example.”
At the board meeting on Wednesday, Guterres sharply criticized the “severely unbalanced and unfair” distribution of COVID-19 vaccines, saying that 10 countries have vaccinated 75% of all vaccines and demanded global efforts Vaccine everyone in every country as soon as possible.
The Secretary-General of the United Nations said at the high-level council meeting that 130 countries have not yet received a dose of vaccine, and declared that “at this critical moment, vaccine equity is the biggest moral test before the global society.”
The coronavirus has infected more than 109 million people and killed at least 2.4 million people. As manufacturers strive to increase vaccine production, many countries complain about being excluded, and even rich countries are facing shortages and domestic complaints.
Guterres’ call for a ceasefire to provide COVID-19 medical programs in March last year received some initial support, but ceasefires are almost always short-lived.
Although the pace of vaccine development is impressive, COVAX has missed its goal of launching the vaccine in rich countries at the end of last year and initiating coronavirus vaccination in poor countries.
The WHO stated that by 2021, COVAX will need US$5 billion.
The draft resolution requires countries to implement COVID-19 vaccination plans, which include “those who are at risk of developing severe COVID-19 symptoms and the most vulnerable, including front-line workers, the elderly, refugees, internally displaced persons, stateless persons, and immigrants. , Disabled people, etc., and people living in areas under the control of any non-state armed group.”
The proposed measures require increased scientific cooperation on new variants of COVID-19.
It requires Guterres to report all obstacles to COVID-19 response in countries where conflicts and humanitarian emergencies occur, including vaccination plans, at least every 90 days.
It is not clear whether the resolution will be passed.
British UN Ambassador Barbara Woodward said on Wednesday that humanitarian organizations and UN agencies need the full support of the Security Council to carry out their work.
Russia’s United Nations ambassador, Vassily Nebenzia, opposed the Security Council, which focuses on equitable access to vaccines, saying this is beyond its mandate to maintain international peace and security. He stated that Moscow is not interested in the new resolution.