Britain tried to seek its role as a human rights defender after Brexit. Britain said on Monday that it has blacklisted dozens of people from Russia, Saudi Arabia and Myanmar. Its actions include carefully planned executions, beatings in prisons and beatings. Persecution of Rohingya refugees.
Since leaving the EU in January, this is the first time the UK has imposed sanctions on human rights violations. British officials have demonstrated that the country can exert its global influence on its own, and some of them pointed out that the EU has not yet adopted similar sanctions.
The Russian lawyer Mr. Magnitsky died in 2009 from cruel treatment while being detained for false accusations. It is the work of the same name of the Magnitsky Act. According to the law, the United States blacklists human rights abusers. Mr. Khashoggi was killed by Saudi agents at the Saudi consulate in Saudi Arabia in 2018.
British Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab said in Parliament: “When we build a dynamic new vision for a truly global UK, the British government is absolutely committed to making the UK a stronger force for the benefit of the world. “He and other Brexitists created the international role they hope the newly independent Britain will play.
Mr Raab added: “If you are a thief or an organized criminal, you will not be able to launder money in this country.”
In fact, being on the UK blacklist may not change the lives of people whose names are included in the announcement. The British government extracted the first names from individuals who have been blacklisted by the United States. This means that they have been effectively banned from dealing with the Bank of England because the Ministry of Finance has taken measures around the world through the threat of secondary sanctions.
Nonetheless, the use of human rights sanctions by the United Kingdom still provides it with a weapon that can be used more widely in the future, including against Chinese officials involved in large-scale Uighur detention in the country or democratic protesters who recently suppressed Hong Kong.
The Conservative MP urged Raab to urge Mr. Raab why there are no Chinese officials on the list. He replied that the government will continue to add names. But analysts say that, given the complex business ties between the two countries, they do not expect Britain to designate Chinese officials.
Since the Chinese government implemented a new national security law against Hong Kong in June, Britain has been in conflict with China. Prime Minister Boris Johnson criticized the move and invited nearly 3 million people in the former British colonies (those holding British overseas passports) to live and work in the UK.
Mr. Raab, a former human rights lawyer, has been lobbying Britain to take Magnitsky-style sanctions since he was in the Conservative Party. The UK passed the necessary legislation two years ago, but it has postponed anyone on the designated list until it officially left the EU.
Mr. Rab paid tribute to Mr. Magnitsky’s memory, and then met with the lawyer’s widow Natalia and his son Nikita in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, as well as the American-born British financier William · William F. Browder. Magnitsky has long run for British sanctions under his name.
Brown said: “The role of the UK in this area is important because most tin pot dictators have bought mansions here, sent their children to boarding schools here, and left the money here.” “For these things Any sanctions are very chilling consequences for all these bad guys around the world.”
For a long time, London has been the refuge of choice for the homeless and poor. In the affluent communities of Chelsea or West London, Chelsea or Belgravia own many apartments or houses and send their children to exclusive schools in the UK, and as Mr Rab said, “shop at Knightsbridge”.
Blacklisted are Aleksey Vasilyevich Anichin and Oleg Silchenko, who served on the committee of the Ministry of the Interior and charged blackmail against Mr. Magnitsky. Both were accused of involvement in ill-treatment, ignoring signs of his condition worsening in Moscow prison.
Among the Saudis are the former deputy director of the Saudi Intelligence Agency Ahmed al-Asiri and Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman’s former adviser, Saud Katani (Saud al-Qahtani), some were accused of ordering the killing of Mr. Khashoggi. Both men have been indicted in Istanbul and will be tried in absentia for directing a 15-man squadron from Saudi Arabia to Turkey to carry out the murder.
Mr. Rab said he hoped that the EU would follow the British leadership. But his tone was full of satisfaction. The United Kingdom has freed itself from the need for consensus, and so far it has prevented a group of 27 member states from agreeing to such sanctions. Hungary has always been one of the countries that rejected them.
“Even if they have established a human rights sanctions system, will they use it like the United States or the United Kingdom?” said Emile Dal, a sanctions expert at the Royal United Services Institute of the London think tank. “In terms of sanctions, what we often see in the EU is the lowest common denominator.”