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“Black and Black Crime”: People often hear a controversial phrase when calling for police reform



“But what about black crime?”

During the protests surrounding the deaths of George Floyd and Black Lives Matter, a rebuttal was sometimes heard-usually because people believed that black (mainly urban) communities exist With the problem of rampant crime, some people choose to ignore the incident and pay attention to police brutality.

In recent news reports, this question is sometimes asked, such as the shooting and killing of 15 burialists in the vicinity of Auburn Gresham, a predominantly black man. The police said that the deceased black man, Donnie Weatherby, was killed in an earlier gang-related shooting.

This is a phrase or concept. Recently, some conservatives sometimes use this phrase or concept to ask why, in their opinion, when a black person is killed or hurt by another black person.

In 201

5, when Donald Trump was elected president, he posted a misleading chart on Twitter claiming that 97% of blacks were killed by other blacks, and 80% of whites were killed by blacks .

Fact checkers believe that this tweet contributed to false statistics. According to the Washington Post, this tweet was “quickly revealed as wrong.” Excerpted from FBI’s 2014 Global Crime Report; 90% of blacks killed were killed by other blacks, and 14.8% of whites killed were killed by blacks.

This term is not only used by whites, but some blacks promote crimes in their communities.

According to the Associated Press, it is reported that John Ayala (John Ayala) used the term because his grandson, 11-year-old Davon McNeal, was in Washington, DC on July 4. He was shot dead during a picnic. According to Ayala’s social media, this family is Black, as is the suspect after McNeal’s death.

“We protested for months and weeks, and said:’Black life is very important,’Black life is very important’.” Black life seems to be very important. Only when the police shoot at black people, all black people in the community are against black people. How about the crime? Ayala asked in a video posted to ripien.com.

ABC News contacted Ayala to confirm his statement, but has not received a response.

Take 9-year-old Devante Bryant as an example. He was shot and killed in New Orleans in early July. The black New Orleans police chief Shaun Ferguson appealed to the community to end what he called “meaningless violence.” According to Fox 8 News, “Black “Black” crime.

After the death of an 8-year-old girl, Secoriea Turner, allegedly a black teenager, it was also used by two black Atlanta City Council members.

They said: “If the lives of black people are important, then they must always pay attention.” and “The killing of black people by black people, any unnecessary killing, is very important.”

Those who use the term say that this is an important point in describing the excessive proportion of blacks committed against other blacks.

However, some activists and scholars say that “black crime against black crime” is an offensive phrase; its origin is rooted in the racist heritage of the United States and aims to devalue blacks with criminal tendencies.

Some people also say that this is misleading-they say that white people are mainly killed by white people-but there is no discussion of “white dialogue” crimes yet.

“Black and Black Crime”: the history of this sentence

The earliest mention in modern times that the source of black-on-black crime is the black media. In 1979, “Ebony” magazine was the first commercially successful, black-owned magazine aimed at the African-American community, and published an article about “black and black” crimes.

The August 1979 article wrote: “Although the black community is irresponsible for the external conditions that systematically create breeding grounds for crime, it is the community’s responsibility to do what it can to solve the problem internally.”

“Black Enterprise” magazine is a publication owned by blacks, focusing on black business and economics. In its June 1979 issue, it also mentioned “black crimes against blacks.” An article in that issue said: “You may not know this by reading the daily newspaper or watching the evening news on TV, but most crimes in big cities are between blacks and blacks.”

Although the first widespread use of the term “black-on-black crime” dates back to the 1970s, the idea that blacks have an inherent and collective tendency to commit crimes against other people, including other blacks, can be traced back to the 1970s. Said Khalil Gibran Mohamed, a historian and professor of history, race and public policy at Harvard’s Kennedy School.

“The idea that the man in black kills the other person is an exception or something. It can only be deeply rooted in the black people and the white supremacist past is fixed,” Mohammed told ABC News.

The professor said that the specific concept of “Black vs. Black Crime” got attention in the book “Racial Characteristics and Tendencies of Black Americans” published in 1896. Mohamed added that the author, Frederick L. Hoffman, did not use the specific terms in the book, but instead advocated “the basic idea that blacks have special crime problems.”

As one of the leading statisticians in the United States at the time, Hoffman was one of the first to use crime statistics to support what he believed was evidence of black crime.

The 2019 Crime Victim Statistics Report from the Bureau of Justice Statistics shows that those who commit acts of violence tend to commit acts of violence against members of the same race as the offender.

According to the BJS report, 62% of incidents of violence against white victims are white, 70% of incidents against black victims are black, and 45% of incidents against Hispanic victims are Hispanic .

Mohammed said, however, that only “black and black crimes” were placed under the microscope and used this as an excuse to establish more aggressive police policies and higher black imprisonment rates.

Muhammad said: “Of course we understand that when someone makes an absolute claim against the entire population as a criminal, it is actually a racist idea.”

Mohamed said he does not deny that the crime rate in the black community is too high, and BJS statistics also show that. But he questioned the idea that “black crime” was used to refute the existence of systematic racism.

Muhammad pointed out the situation of European immigration. The wave of immigration from the late 1800s to the early 1900s, mainly from European countries (including Italy and Ireland), aroused indignation and led to accusations of increased crime in the immigrant communities, which is the same as that faced by some politicians in Latin America today. The situation is similar.

But Muhammad said that the response at the time was to increase economic opportunities, carry out police reforms, and help them own their own houses to enable these new immigrants to obtain the American dream.

“Many programs after World War II, such as the Geographical Indications Act, Virginia Welfare…Federal Housing Administration housing, are designed to help white people struggling in society, reduce crime and increase income.” He said.

Muhammad cited the plight of European immigrants who came to the United States from the late 1800s to the late 1900s. They arrived with dissatisfaction and tried to be accepted by American society.

He said that because of America’s racist heritage, it is difficult for African-Americans to gain the same recognition as white immigrant groups.

Mohamed said: “Black people did not get financial investment. They got more police and more imprisonment.”

“Black vs. Black” criminals as political weapons

Critics of the phrase also claimed that the idea of ​​”black crime against black” has been used as a political weapon by both Republicans and Democrats.

Critics pointed out that President Ronald Reagan’s “War on Drugs” introduced the neo-conservatism of the 1980s, leading to stricter vigilance and imprisonment of blacks. , To help perpetuate the famous saying “black and black crime”.

In 2016, “Black Life Issues” activists used the term “super predator” in Bill and Hillary Clinton’s 1996 crime speech to contend with her. Although Clinton never mentioned race or the use of “black crime” in his speech, activists demanded an apology for the coding language they believed criminalized black people, especially black youth.

However, Muhammad believes that the most admired term is black.

Black conservatives

“In the United States, the biggest danger for black people is not the police, not people in blue uniforms, or even imagination. There is not even comparable. Today, the biggest danger for black Americans is another black man. Man”, a man was identified as conservative EW Bishop, the African American minister and attorney of the faction, said in an October 2019 podcast.

George Mason University (George Mason University) economics professor Walter E. Williams (Walter E. Williams) also mentioned “black and black crime” in his thesis “Challenges for Blacks”, he wrote: “Blacks You need to talk frankly with each other, no matter how uncomfortable and embarrassing these topics are.” Williams even suggested that blacks should be armed to patrol their communities and “ignore the liberal agenda.”

The Milwaukee County Sheriff of the Fire Department David Clarke told Fox News that black people should be most afraid of “living on the streets in any American slum, because black people pose a greater threat and threat to black crime in the community. A bigger problem, so the police will use force.”

Looking at the biographies of some of the most prominent black conservatives in the United States, it seems that they are usually elderly. Muhammad said that there must be a generational difference between black people who use this word and people who criticize it.

When talking about some people who claim to be black conservatives, he said: “Black people can also express racist ideas. In the Trump era, more racist ideas are present.”

He said, however, blacks who use the term “black versus black” crime are not necessarily conservative.

Muhammad said: “A liberal Democrat voted for socially conservative, older blacks.”

Muhammad said he said that many of these older black Americans use this term: “I care about my people, and I don’t want to see them hurt each other. What should we do to help.”

However, for scholars like Muhammad and many black activists, the word should be deleted from the American dictionary.

Critics of the term often point out that although whites account for a high proportion of domestic terrorist acts with serious consequences and white-collar financial crimes, the term “free crime” has never been used in these situations. These actions are performed by individuals, not representatives of groups.

Muhammad said: “Black people are committing crimes to themselves or causing harm in the community. There must be something wrong with black people. Unfortunately, this is the conversation we are still having.” “This is the legacy of racism in the past.”

Editor’s note: The data on blacks killing other blacks and the 2015 tweets against Trump killing whites have been updated. The data originally cited was not used correctly because it ruled out homicide.




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