Too many people crowded the inauguration of President Andrew Jackson, who was said to have escaped from the White House through a window. After President John F. Kennedy took office, Rat Pack friend Frank Sinatra arranged entertainment. Moreover, the Obamas jumped to Beyoncé.
In the United States, the transfer of presidential power has always been a politically iconic event, but in the past few centuries, it has also become an important cultural touchstone-the vortex of parades, parties and performances that affect American culture and leadership every four years. The taste of the audience and the image they seek to project.
Mr. Biden’s inaugural committee announced on Wednesday that it will host a prime-time TV show on January 20, featuring celebrities including Tom Hanks, Justin Timberlake, and Jon Bon Jovi, aiming to “show The resilience of the American people, heroism, and a unified commitment to the future “together to heal and rebuild as a nation. “
Urging people to stay at home so as not to spread the virus before the violent mob tries to stop the election proof, Biden’s inauguration promise will have a different look, tone and feel from his predecessor.
Lina Mann, a historian of the White House Historical Association, said: “All inauguration activities follow a series of fairly standard activities.” “There are parades, there are people in the Capitol, there are The speakers, there are those who take the oath, and of course the inauguration ball. These standards have been over 200 years old. It will certainly look very different from this.”
Therefore, as the country prepares for the Biden era, a series of atypical inauguration ceremonies are considered to meet today’s severe demands. Let’s take a look at how politics intersects with culture in some historic inauguration ceremonies. past.
From Dolley Madison to Teddy Roosevelt
In 1809, Dolley Madison held a sparkling ball at the inauguration of her husband James. This was the first inauguration ball held in the new capital, Washington, which became a social The event set the standard.
Twenty years later, President Andrew Jackson allowed approximately 20,000 people to attend public receptions related to the inauguration. It turns out that the number of participants was too small, prompting him to escape through the White House window.
The whip also damaged the ball that President Ulysses S. Grant reluctantly agreed to take place in 1869. A reporter from the New York Times wrote a postscript to his article about chaos and crowds in his article at “2 AM”: Now, the scene at the ball is confusing. “
At the second inauguration of President Theodore Roosevelt, the playlist of the parade featured “the old town will be hot tonight” and there were cowboys among the parade. Native Americans, including Geronimo; delegations from Puerto Rico and the Philippines; and undergraduates from Harvard University. “The Times” wrote: “If in the past three and a half hours of effervescent enthusiasm, no American can show a considerable life style, it is not easy to remember.”
Kennedy and Reagan named to star power
President John F. Kennedy was able to invite an A-level singer to his inaugural concert and gala: Sinatra.
Historian Ms. Mann said that she considered the entertainment at Kennedy’s inauguration as an “important moment” that would lay the foundation for the stage, including Sinatra, Ella Fitzgerald, Leonard Burr Enstein, Sydney Poitiers, Ethel Manman, Harry Belafonte and other superstars have the kind of fascinating, multi-part inauguration that Americans expect.
Although a blizzard disrupted the celebration, a contemporary report described the dinner as “perhaps one of the best theater talents ever assembled in a single performance.”
Twenty years later, the former Hollywood actor Ronald Reagan (Ronald Reagan) found out that he had participated in no less than 8 proms, with Tony Bennett, Lou Rawls and Stars such as Charlton Heston, performed by Ray Charles, pass by.
“The halo of big money is everywhere,” the Times wrote. “The expensive dresses of James Galanos, Bill Blass and Oscar de la Renta, the unprecedented $100 admission ticket, available at Count Basie Dancing to the music of other big bands.”
In the following years, most presidents held some form of inauguration concerts and relied on performers to add layers of musical symbolism to the inauguration. President Bill Clinton’s team pushed things to a grand occasion reminiscent of the Kennedy and Reagan celebrations.
In 1993, the Clinton team deployed Michael Jackson, Bob Dylan, Kathleen Battle, Kenny G. and Ray Charles. The critic Jon Pareles (Jon Pareles) wrote in The Times, “Unity is achieved through cross-border.”
With Bush, performance becomes politicized
If the events commemorating the inauguration of President George W. Bush in 2001 did not have so many star powers (the Times called this feeling “almost anti-Hollywood”), then they would still be popular It features superstars and country singers, including Rich Martin and Jessica Simpson.
Moreover, in the coming events, the question of whether to implement is increasingly seen as a political decision.
“This is a very partisan act,” Mr. Martin’s friend Robi Draco Rosa, the author of popular songs such as “Livin’la Vida Loca”, said at the time. “This is the betrayal of everything that every Puerto Rican should represent.”
Obama relied on music when he broke through
President Barack Obama participated in 10 inaugural balls in 2009, but one of them stood out: the “Neighborhood Ball.” “Michelle is wearing a white robe and looks like a chocolate brown. At our first stop, I hugged her, rotated her, whispered in her ears, this is from when we danced The sublime tone of “At Last” is Beyoncé,” he wrote in his recently released memoir “The Promised Land.”
This is another star-studded inauguration. Aretha Franklin sang “My Country, Tas” at the swearing-in ceremony. Bruce Springsteen (Bruce Springsteen), Stevie Wonder (Stevie Wonder), Yo-Yo Ma (Yo-Yo Ma), Itzhak Perlman (Itzhak Perlman), Arthur (Esher), Mary J ·Mary J. Brig
“Mr. Obama’s inauguration tried to get everyone involved, like other American popular culture, full of African American souls,” Parreles wrote in The Times.
Some artists reject Trump, others despise
During the preparations for the inauguration of President Trump, the focus of the news was on the stars who decided not to participate in the show.
Elton John rejected Mr. Trump’s invitation to the inauguration. Andrea Bocelli, who was rumored to perform, eventually did not appear because the first team worked hard to win performers. The Rockets participated in the game, but only fell into controversy when the dancers complained that they were forced to perform.
Finally, the inauguration was led by famous figures such as Toby Keith, 3 Doors Down, and Lee Greenwood. Some of them participated in “Make America Great Again! Welcome to the celebration.” Critic Jon Caramanica in the “Thames The newspaper wrote, “It is caught between theocracy and juggling and largely ignores the contribution of African Americans to popular music (that is, almost all popular music).”
Now, Mr. Biden has wanted to be president for decades, and he is preparing to write his own history of inauguration. His version will lack the exuberant parades and sparkling indoor dances of past celebrations. But the task before him has never been more challenging: to unify and entertain a turbulent, divided American public.
Kitty Bennett contributed research.