Washington-President Biden proposed a significant increase in federal spending on Friday, calling for domestic plans to increase by 16% as he tried to use the power of the government to reverse what officials described as a decade of underinvestment in the country’s most pressing problems.
The proposed US$1.52 trillion in domestic discretionary project spending will greatly promote education, health research and combat climate change. This is the basis for Biden’s $1.9 trillion stimulus plan and a separate plan to spend $2.3 trillion on the country’s infrastructure.
It does not include tax advice, economic forecasts or so-called mandatory programs such as social security, all of which will be included in the official budget request that the White House will release this spring.
The plan will allocate an additional $20 billion in its major new spending initiatives to help schools that provide services for low-income children and provide more money for higher education students who have experienced racial or financial barriers. It will establish a multi-billion dollar program for research on diseases such as cancer, and an additional $14 billion for combating and adapting to the hazards of climate change.
It will also seek to boost the economies of Central American countries where poverty, corruption, and hurricanes have fueled immigration to the southwest border, and various measures have been taken to address homelessness and housing affordability issues, including in Tribal land. It called for an increase in defense spending by about 2%.
This request is very different from the policies of President Donald J. Trump. Donald J. Trump’s budget proposal prioritizes military spending and border security, while seeking to cut funds in areas such as environmental protection.
Overall, the proposal calls for an increase of $118 billion in discretionary spending in fiscal year 2022, compared with this year’s basic spending allocation. It sought to take advantage of the 10-year ceiling for spending growth ceilings, which Congress agreed to in 2010, but frequently violated this ceiling in subsequent years.
Government officials did not specify in future budget proposals on Friday whether this increase will lead to an increase in the federal deficit, but promised that their entire budget will “solve the overlapping challenges we face in a fiscally and economically responsible manner.”
As part of this work, the request seeks $1 billion in new funding for the Internal Revenue Service to enforce tax laws, including “strengthening the supervision of high-income and corporate tax returns.” This is obviously to increase taxes by cracking down on tax avoidance by companies and the wealthy.
Officials said these proposals did not reflect the expenditures required in the infrastructure plan Biden proposed last week, or the expenditures required for the second plan he has not yet launched, which will focus on what officials call “human infrastructure”. “, such as education and education. Parenting.
Congress, which is responsible for approving government spending, does not have to comply with the White House’s requirements. In recent years, lawmakers have rejected many efforts by the Trump administration to undermine domestic plans.
However, Biden’s plan, although the budget is incomplete, can provide Democrats with a blueprint. After four years in the Republican White House, they narrowly control the House and Senate and are eager to redefine their spending priorities.
Democratic leaders in Congress expressed appreciation for the plan on Friday and recommended that they include it in the government spending bill for fiscal year 2022. Senator Patrick J. Leahy of Vermont, chairman of the Appropriations Committee, said: The plan “recommends long overdue and historic investments in jobs, worker training, schools, food security, infrastructure and housing.”
Do business today
Republicans criticized the proposal for being too general and called it an over-expansion of the federal government. They also stated that the U.S. government’s defense spending is insufficient to deal with the growing threat from China.
Minority leaders, a group of senior Republicans including Kentucky Senator Mitch McConnell, said in a joint statement: “Although President Biden has spent trillions of dollars in priorities domestically, Is on the wish list of liberalism, but ignores the US military’s capital investment.”
The progressives in the House of Representatives complained to the contrary: Mr. Biden spent too much money on the military.
Representative Mark Pokan of the Democratic Party of Wisconsin said: “Given that defense spending has grown rapidly in relative peace, the proposed increase of $13 billion in defense spending is too high.” “If the Pentagon’s budget is larger than Donald Trump ( Donald Trump’s leadership has a bigger budget, and we cannot rebuild better.”
Shalanda D. Young, acting director of Biden’s budget, told congressional leaders in a letter accompanying the proposal on Friday that the discretionary spending process will be “continued for the future”. An important opportunity to lay a solid foundation and turn the situation around. The consequences of long-term investment in key priorities.”
The government pays special attention to education expenditures, believing that this is a way to help children get rid of poverty. Mr. Biden asked Congress to provide $20 billion in financial support to high-poor schools, which is the largest year-on-year increase since the “Title I” plan since the creation of President Lyndon B. Johnson. The program mainly provides funds for schools with large numbers of students from low-income families by providing remedial plans and support staff.
The request also seeks to increase billions of dollars in funding to increase early childhood education, programs to serve students with disabilities, and the work of equipping schools with nurses, counselors, and mental health professionals, which is described as an attempt to help children recover from the pandemic Attempts to recover, but also a long-term priority for the union.
There is nothing in the plan to link federal funds to the accountability of teachers and schools because they are often carried out under President Barack Obama’s leadership.
The request also showed that the Biden administration violated Trump’s border security policy while stopping the migration to the southwest border, and its urgency is increasing. Republicans on Friday criticized Biden for not increasing border patrol funding or providing funds to complete Trump’s efforts to build a wall on Mexico’s southern border.
Instead, Biden proposed to invest US$861 million in Central America as part of a four-year US$4 billion package invested by the government to improve the region’s economy and quality of life. Another $1.2 billion will be used to invest in border security technologies, such as sensors used to detect illegal border crossings and tools used to improve ports of entry. It also includes strengthening the supervision of Customs and Border Protection and immigration and customs enforcement, including funds for investigating labor complaints related to white supremacy.
The Justice Department’s request reflects another shift in the Trump era, prioritizing civil rights issues and domestic terrorism, rather than Mr. Trump’s focus on street crime and gang violence.
Mr. Biden also used expenditure requirements to put his vision into practice, so that every cabinet chief, whether it is a military leader, a diplomat, a financial regulator or a federal housing planner, has the responsibility to incorporate climate change into his mission. responsibility.
The proposal aims to embed climate plans in institutions that are not normally seen as the frontiers of combating global warming, such as the Ministry of Agriculture and Labor. The money will be in addition to the clean energy expenditures in Biden’s proposed infrastructure legislation, which will invest about $500 billion in programs such as increasing the production of electric vehicles and building climate-resistant roads and bridges.
Most of the proposed increase in funding will be used for research and development of advanced low-carbon energy technologies, which will be carried out through the Department of Energy’s National Laboratory Network.
The Department of Energy’s funding will increase by US$4.3 billion, or 10.2%, from last year. These include $1.7 billion for research and development of technologies such as new nuclear power plants or hydrogen fuel, and $1.9 billion for new clean energy programs to help improve the energy efficiency of houses and speed up the licensing of transmission lines that allow wind and solar power. All over the country. Mr. Biden has proposed further spending on these efforts in his infrastructure plan.
According to Biden’s plan, the Trump Administration’s Environmental Protection Agency, which is trying to reduce its environmental protection and human resources levels, will receive a $2 billion increase.
The request also prioritized health funding. Among them, the federal government’s pandemic response center-the Department of Health and Human Services’ discretionary funding increased by nearly 25% to $131.7 billion. This increase included an increase of $1.6 billion in funding from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which was viewed by public health experts at the agency as chronic underfunding and ignored until a public health emergency.
Since last year, the country’s emergency medical reserve will invest nearly 1 billion U.S. dollars for its material supply and restructuring. Nearly $7 billion will establish an institution aimed at researching diseases such as cancer and diabetes.
The report was contributed by Coral Davenport, Zolan Kanno-Youngs, Lisa Friedman, Brad Plumer, Christopher Flavelle, Mark Walker, Dana Goldstein, Mark Walker, Noah Weiland, Margot Sanger-Katz, Lara Jakes, Noam Scheiber, Katie Benner, and Emily Cochrane.