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As the conflict in Ethiopia intensifies, racial targets become deadly



Nairobi, Kenya (AP)-Amharic killed. The Tigrayans were arrested in hiding or in isolation.Fatal conflict in Ethiopia It is spreading beyond the Tigray region in the north of the country and turning its identity into a deadly threat.

Reports of dozens of civilians “hacked to death” on the streets of a small town on Monday night caused an already dangerous tension to rise sharply. Amnesty International confirmed the killing through pictures and witnesses, and the United Nations warned of possible war crimes. According to a man who helped clear the body and check his ID, most of the dead were Amharic.

Amnesty researcher Fisseha Tekle said: “The killing reflects the ongoing ethnic division in the country.”

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Amnesty International issued a report on Thursday evening that the organization has not yet confirmed who killed, but Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed blamed the massacre on troops loyal to the Tigri region government. After several months of investigation, it was deemed illegal. The federal government tried to arrest and replace its leader.

Last year’s Nobel Peace Prize winner Abiy also accused the regional government of “continuously propagating hatred and fear.” On Friday, he spoke in Tigrinya, urging his troops to “surrender within the next two to three days.”

These allegations, coupled with the interruption of communications with the Tigray area, and the increasing number of reports targeting the Tigrayans, are causing alarm, because Abiy has rejected the dialogue and calls for demotion. More than 14,000 “exhausted and scared” refugees fled the Tigray area Go to sultan

The UN Office for Genocide Prevention condemned Ethiopia’s reports of “attacks against civilians based on race or religion”, including hate speech and incitement to violence. It warned that ethnic violence “has reached alarming levels in the past two years” and the new wording set a “dangerous trajectory, increasing the risks of genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity. “

The federal government issued a statement on Monday, blaming the “civilian” Tigray People’s Liberation Front under the rule of the Tigray regional government for the conflict that broke out on November 4. News of the massacre of Amharic people in the Tigray region on Monday came out and raised the issue. Counterclaim. TPLF.

Communication and transportation links in the Tigray area are almost completely interrupted, which makes it difficult to verify the allegations of both parties. The federal government warned reporters to “properly” report the incident.

Muthoki Mumo of the Committee for the Protection of Journalists told The Associated Press that “at least two journalists were arrested in connection with their work and continue to be detained without formal charges.” He called the arrests “heinous.”

The Tigrayans race report is questioned and threatened. A memo issued by the Associated Press on Wednesday showed that the Ethiopian-based African Union fired its head of ethnic security in Tiglayan.

“I haven’t received any letters… They just told me that from November 6th, don’t participate in work.” A lecturer at the Federal Institute of Defense Engineering told The Associated Press. “It’s not just me, there are dozens of people facing the same situation.” Other Tiglayans said they were barred from boarding the plane.

Fear is spreading among the Ethiopian diaspora.

In the United States, the activist Meaza Gidey wearily told of her last contact with relatives in Meckle, the capital of Tigray State.

“Speaking of his conversation on November 4th, she said: “He heard the sound of the bomb very heavy, and I couldn’t hear him again after that. “I don’t know if he is still alive.”

She was worried that the government was listening, so Gidey reduced the phone calls of family members in Addis Ababa. Despite political and ideological differences, “bullet is not the solution,” she said.

University researcher Mekonnen Gebreslasie Gebrehiwot described his attempts to talk to his family in the capital Addis Ababa at his home in Belgium.

He said: “They don’t want to answer the phone.” “I tried to talk to them about this situation, and they thought their cell phones were being monitored. They said: “We are fine, we are fine, and call us later,”. Then they texted him separately, saying they were scared.

“I am really scared that this might lead to racial attacks on the Tigrayists,” said Mekonen, who leads the Tigrayist organization. “This is really frightening. All over the country, they are asking people to go out and demonstrate to protest the heinous attacks carried out by TPLF. To me, this is a sign that is about to happen.”

Ethiopian writer Teodrose Fikremariam fled to the United States during the bloodshed of the Derg regime several decades ago. He saw the Amnesty International report and quickly issued an appeal.

He wrote: “The report does not allocate anything.” However, “the supporters of Abiy Ahmed and the supporters of TPLF quickly grabbed the report, and they presented narratives that benefited their own agenda; the fight against the conflict on social media The degree is the same as in Tigri.”

He said the airwaves were “full of selective anger, which is caused by race relations.”

He criticized TPLF, but said in a letter to the Associated Press: “The Ethiopian government must make every effort to ensure that the fight with TPLF is not seen as a fight with the entire people.”

The international community is now targeting racial discrimination and threatening to end the conflict in Ethiopia.

The head of European Union foreign affairs, Josep Borrell, said in a statement: “The demonization of ethnic groups is a vicious and deadly cycle, and Ethiopia must be freed.” Michel Bachelet, head of human rights at the United Nations ( Michelle Bachelet) warned that the situation “may be completely out of control, resulting in a large number of casualties and destruction.”

Two years ago, Ethiopia underwent thorough political reforms and won the Nobel Prize in Literature. Some African compatriots were surprised and shocked. Observers say these reforms have been delayed for several months.

Zitto Kabwe, the leader of the Tanzanian opposition, pointed to Ethiopia’s past. He wrote on Twitter: “Abiy Ahmed Ali’s mistake in Tigri was sued by Mengistu and Derg in November 1974. Eritrea made the same mistakes during the war,” he tweeted. “The federal government enjoyed a brief victory, but as we know, this may be the beginning of the end of Ethiopia-Balkanization.”

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The Associated Press writer Haleluya Hadero (Haleluya Hadero) contributed in Atlanta.


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