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Argentina legalized abortion, a milestone in Latin America



After an overnight vote, Argentina became the largest legalized abortion country in Latin America. The measure passed regulations 38-29 of the Senate- A little more than two years after the bill to legalize abortion failed 38-31 in the House of Lords.

The decline in support for the role of religion in governance and the increasing power of women’s rights defenders have contributed to this shift. Now, in Argentina, women who miscarry regardless of their legality will no longer face unnecessary medical complications or fear of prosecution.

The Wall Street Journal reported that this change may prompt neighboring countries such as Colombia and Chile to reduce restrictions on the procedure.

According to data from the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), there are at least 350,000 illegal abortions in Argentina every year. Some activist groups believe this number underestimates the true number. Illegal abortions can cause health complications and even kill people who experience complications.The World Health Organization estimates that up to 1

3.2% of maternal deaths worldwide Can be attributed to unsafe abortion.

According to a study by the National Research Council for Science and Technology (CONICET), the belief in Catholicism in Argentina has declined in recent years. The Buenos Aires Times reported that in 2019, 62.9% of the population were identified as Catholics, a decrease of 13.6 percentage points from 2008. Evangelicals have gained new supporters, and the proportion of people without religious beliefs has grown the fastest, reaching nearly 20% of the population.

A woman prays outside the National Congress in Buenos Aires on December 29, 2020, where lawmakers debated a bill to legalize abortion. Compared with anti-abortion activists who often wear blue clothes, the wearing of green scarves by abortion rights activists has become a symbol of its cause.
Mario Defina/Getty Images

The survey also found that support for government funding and support for religion was reduced: 46.2% of people agreed that religion should not be part of public school education, an increase of 19 percentage points from 2008.

Although Argentina is still a major Catholic country, this decline may explain why Pope Francis’ comments against the legalization of abortion did not have an overwhelming effect on the results of this vote. The Catholic Online Cruise said that Francis was born and worked in Argentina for most of his life and referred to abortion as part of the “disposable culture” for most of his life, and rooted his opposition to medical surgery in science. newspaper.

According to France24, Catholics are not the only ones who oppose this measure. They joined forces with the country’s growing evangelical wing to oppose abortion. They may fight to overthrow this measure, especially because this change exposes the religious fault line in Argentina.

But the victorious activists are abortion rights feminists who have spent years fighting for the legalization of abortion.

The “Ni Una Menos” movement is a sign of growing social liberalism in Argentina

In 2015, in response to widespread murders and rapes, and mobilized against violence against women, a feminist movement was launched under the slogan “Ni Una Menos” or “Not One Less”. According to the “Buenos Aires Times” report, “an estimated 300,000 people participated” in the first parade.

The first major story that promoted this movement was a pregnant 14-year-old boy who was killed by her boyfriend. According to the New York Times, her mother asserted that her boyfriend’s family opposed her having children. The booming movement pointed out that statistics show that, in addition to male violence against women, many women have died due to unsafe procedures and lack of access to medical services.

People participated in the “Ni Una Menos” (essential) march against the killing of women in Buenos Aires on June 3, 2016.
Eitan Abramovich/Getty Images

A Human Rights Watch report cites a study that estimated that as many as 522,000 abortions are performed in Argentina each year, although it is not clear how many are exceptions to previous laws on rape and maternal health Outside the situation. The Associated Press reported that due to substandard procedures, approximately 38,000 Argentine women are hospitalized each year. “Since 1983, thousands of women seeking abortions have died.”

Ni Una Menos was full of energy in 2018, when the Senate passed a legal abortion bill but was rejected after a nod in the House of Commons. As Emily Stewart of Vox wrote at the time, “The new wave of feminism has inspired more women to talk about various issues, including abortion. Activists see illegal abortion as maintaining Another way for women to oppress.”

Stewart also reported: “Supporters of the legalization of abortion plan to continue to build momentum and take advantage of current media reports.”

Win or lose, outstanding members of the movement tweeted in 2018: “We won. No matter what the outcome is. The green wave is unstoppable. We opened our conscience. And there is no turning back.”




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