All foods have the potential to make us obese if we eat enough of them, but some calories – especially those from sugary drinks – could be more damaging to our health than others, scientists warned.
Last year, 22 researchers were asked the question: "Are all calories the same in terms of effects on cardiometabolic disease and obesity?". Cardiometabolic disease is the umbrella term for chronic conditions including diabetes, heart disease and strokes.
The team wanted to know, for example, whether ten calories of a French fry and ten calories of an apple are the same as how they affect the body, even though they contain the same amount of energy. To answer the question, they gave an overview of recent studies that show how diet can lead to cardiometabolic disease. [1
The researchers pointed out that most Americans eat too many calories. 69% of adults in the US are overweight, new estimates suggest that nearly 40% are obese.
Calories from saturated fats and sugar-sweetened drinks have been linked to cardiometabolic disorders, regardless of whether a person has gained weight. published in the journal Obesity Reviews.
Dr. Kimber Stanhope, a research biologist at the School of Veterinary Medicine at the University of California, Davis, and lead author of the study, said in a statement: "What's new is that this is an impressive group of scientists with great experience in nutrition and metabolism agrees with the conclusion that sugar-sweetened beverages increase cardiometabolic risk factors compared to equal amounts of starch. "
Research also showed that the consumption of polyunsaturated fats present in some nuts, seeds and vegetable oils were associated with a lower risk of disease than the same levels of saturated fats found in red meat, but dairy products such as yogurts and cheeses, which are often saturated a lower risk of cardiometabolic disease in Ver were brought.
The authors also concluded that the sugar substitute aspartame does not cause weight gain in adults. After fears that the substance might cause diseases such as cancer, health authorities agree that 40 mg per kg of body weight is the acceptable daily intake of aspartame.
"If you go to the internet and look for aspartame, the layman would be convinced aspartame will make you fat, but that's not it," Dr. Stanhope. "Long and tight is that no human studies on calorie-free sweeteners show weight gain."
"We have a long way to go to get accurate answers to many different nutritional topics," said Stanhope. "However, we all agree that a healthy diet pattern consisting of minimally processed whole grains, fruits, vegetables and healthy fats promotes health compared to the refined and tasty western diet patterns."
The paper comes after officials in San Francisco failed to warn soda corporations to warn consumers about the risks of obesity, diabetes and tooth decay on lemonade labels after a court ruling in favor of organizations like the American Beverage Association.