There are about 5,000 scientists from around the world on this icy continent who study uncontaminated areas to learn more about the history of the earth and the effects of climate change. But when researchers discovered more than 100 dormant volcanoes under the continent’s ice sheet, they were shocked, making it the largest volcanic area on the planet. This discovery is particularly important because the activity of these volcanoes may have a vital impact on the rest of the earth.
If it breaks out, it may further destabilize some ice sheets in the region, which have been affected by global warming.
The YouTube channel “If” raised more cases of concern in their documentary about the region.
The narrator said: “This huge icy wasteland sits on the ridge of a volcano.
“Will their hot lava reach the surface of the earth, or will the thick ice of Antarctica stop the lava before it becomes uninhabitable?
There are more than 100 volcanoes below Antarctica
Climate change has affected the area
“Antarctica is the coldest continent on earth. It is very mysterious. We didn’t know that there were active volcanoes buried under it. Until 2013, scientists accidentally discovered two clusters of small earthquakes.
“Now that we have scanned Antarctica with ice penetrating radar, we know that there are many volcanoes hidden under the ice-138 to be exact.
“This is just what we know. If all these volcanoes erupt suddenly, how much trouble will we have?”
The series continues to explain how the normal conditions of volcanic eruptions do not apply to frozen deserts.
It added: “There are usually warning signs before volcanic eruptions, such as seismic waves, indicating that molten rock is moving below the surface.
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A large amount of ice may fall into the sea
“Then lava and volcanic ash join the party accompanied by heated gas, and the average lava moves at about 6 mph.
“When a major eruption occurs, the volcano will release superheated gas and ash, forming a pyroclastic cloud with a temperature as high as 700C and moving at a speed of 50mph.”
“The volcanoes in Antarctica are another matter. They are buried under ice over four kilometers (2.5 miles) thick.
“At least until the first eruption, we will not deal with the volcanic gas entering the ground.”
But such an event could have devastating consequences for other parts of the world.
More ice in the water will increase sea level
The series also added: “The heat will melt the caves in the ice and produce a lot of melted water, and then the situation becomes very ugly.
“Those melt water will cause the ice above it to move faster and start to enter the ocean.
“From there, the domino effect began to work, and the magma found its way out through the eruption.
“In Antarctica, multiple volcanic eruptions may wake up another 100 volcanoes and destabilize the entire region.
“As they leave, more melt water will be produced, causing more Antarctic ice to slide into the ocean.”
The documentary reveals how humans feel the full power of the world.
Mount Erebus is an active volcano in Antarctica
It continues in May: “The ice in Antarctica will be surrounded by warm ocean currents-on the one hand, we will have a new understanding of the bedrock of Antarctica, but on the other hand, the ice will not disappear, it will melt.
“If the ice melts, it will raise the global sea level by about 60 meters, which will slow down the movement of major storms and reduce rainfall.
Hurricanes and typhoons will cause severe damage to the surface of the earth.
“Wildlife will lose their habitat and the cornerstone of agriculture will be polluted.
“Extensive flooding will take millions of people off the coastline, and we may be watching thousands of deaths and storms sweeping cities and inland oceans.”
Experts are also worried about this possibility.
There is an active caldera on the deception island
Dr. Robert Bingham of the University of Edinburgh said in February: “It is fascinating to find a large number of volcanoes on this relatively undeveloped continent.
“A deeper understanding of volcanic activity can reveal their impact on the past, present and future, and on other rift systems around the world.
“if they [the ice sheets] If it is reduced significantly, this could release the pressure of the volcano below and cause an eruption, further destroying the ice sheet and enhancing the sea level rise that has affected our ocean.
But for now, these volcanoes are in a dormant state, which means they have not erupted in the past 10,000 years, but may erupt in the future.
Currently, there are only two active volcanoes in Antarctica-Mount Erebs and Deception Island.
Scientists continue to study the area to learn more.