قالب وردپرس درنا توس
Home / Science / An unusually tall coral reef found off the coast of Australia

An unusually tall coral reef found off the coast of Australia



The digital seafloor map shows newly detected detached coral reefs.

The digital seafloor map shows newly detected detached coral reefs.
image: Schmidt Institute of Oceanography

An isolated coral reef was discovered off the coast of Australia, 1,640 feet high. The leaf-like vertical structure is called an independent reef and can be used as a habitat for various undiscovered marine life.

At 1,640 feet (500 meters), the huge independent reef is higher than 1,250 feet (381-meter) Empire State Building. Researchers at the Schmidt Ocean Institute made a surprising discovery on October 20 when they mapped the bottom of the North Great Barrier Reef.The team confirmed the discovery a few days later using a remote control car,according to statement Published by the group.

Working on a research ship FokkerResearchers from the Schmidt Institute of Oceanography are participating in a one-year expedition to study the ocean around the Australian continent. Separated reef-first discovered since the 19th century, it was discovered about 80 miles (130 kilometers) near Cape York, Queensland.

After the preliminary inspection on October 20, the team deployed the ROV of the institute Subastien Investigate further (well, Fokker, Subastien—Guess that someone is at the Schmidt Ocean Institute Never-ending story). The event was broadcast live at the institute. website with YouTube, If you have two and a half hours to kill, the material is still available.

The research ship Falkor near the newly discovered separation reef.

Research ship Fokker Near the newly discovered separation reef.
image: Schmidt Institute of Oceanography

The bottom of the structure is nearly a mile (1.5 kilometers) long and extends vertically, so the tip is 130 feet (40 meters) below the ocean surface. On the top of the reef, the leaf-like structure measures 984 feet (300 meters) by 164 feet (50 meters). The team found many fish, including sharks, just like ABC (Australian Broadcasting Corporation) report.

They are called “independent reefs” because they are independent structures that are not physically connected to the Great Barrier Reef, but are placed directly on the seabed. protector report that The upper part of the reef does not have many hard corals, but there are indeed many sponges, sea fans and soft corals-this indicates that strong ocean currents and upwelling from below are sending large amounts of ocean currents to the structure.

It is believed that this separated coral is approximately 20 million years old, and it is one of seven separated coral reefs gathered within 93 miles (150 kilometers) of each other.Other structures were drawn in the 1880s, including Rennes Island-An important breeding ground for green sea turtles.

“The discovery of a new half-kilometre high reef in the Cape York waters near the recognized Great Barrier Reef shows that the world is far beyond our coastline,” said Jyotika Virmani, executive director of the Schmidt Institute of Oceanography. Its statement. “This powerful combination of map data and underwater imagery will be used to understand this new reef and its role in the incredible World Heritage area of ​​the Great Barrier Reef.”

These isolated seamounts are of biological importance because they can form unique marine communities Even trigger the emergence of new species. In the coming months and years, this reef may be studied in depth.

In the past year alone, researchers at the Schmidt Institute of Oceanography have made many interesting new discoveries, including a length of 148 feet (45 feet).meter) siphon, Some Not described Types of black corals and sponges, and up 30 new species.People still have too many ideas about our oceans and the creatures living in them.


Source link