In the process of land improvement on the farm, workers discovered an ancient tomb dating back more than 3,000 years in southwestern Ireland.
Archaeologists say that the tomb on the Dingle Peninsula in County Kerry is “untouched.” Some of its unusual features, including the mysterious oval stone inside, suggest that it may be an early instance of an ancient tomb.
The spokesperson of the National Monuments Authority of Ireland, Ronan Casey, told Live Science that the tomb appears to be a “tempest” tomb or burial tomb, consisting of an underground stone-lined structure with one or several tombs. It is covered with a large stone.
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Casey said in an email: “This type of funeral usually dates back to the Bronze Age, beginning around 2500 BC.”
National Broadcasting Corporation of Ireland RTE report The tomb was discovered last week when a mechanical excavator overturned the large stone slab above it, exposing the room below. Close inspection revealed that there seemed to be a connected sub-chamber in front of the tomb.
Casey said: “This discovery was quickly reported to the National Monument and the National Museum of Ireland. We are grateful for that.” However, the exact location of the discovery has not been made public to protect the tomb from interference or looting. may.
Funeral of the Bronze Age
Archaeologists estimate that the history of the tomb can be traced back to the Irish Bronze Age about 2500 to 4500 years ago. But Casey said that further investigation is needed before the age can be reduced.
He said: “Although we suspect that the funeral of the tomb can be traced back to the Bronze Age, we have no conclusive evidence to prove the date of the funeral.” “At this stage, in the early stages of discovery and on-site work, we have not fully understood.”
Experts from the National Monument Office and the National Museum of Ireland inspected the site and found “ancient bone remains” from the tomb.
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They send samples of the remains to the laboratory Radiocarbon analysisCasey said this may provide a more accurate date range for the burial date, although the process will take several weeks.
One of the most unusual finds in ancient tombs is the polished stone, which is roughly oval in shape. Its purpose is unknown, but it was buried next to human remains. Archaeologists removed it for safekeeping.
There are many megalithic tombs known from the Bronze Age in this area. Casey said: “Such tombs of this period are not uncommon, and there are many ruins and monuments from this period on the Dingle Peninsula.”
However, this new discovery is eye-catching. So far, only its central part has been excavated, so the exact layout of the structure is still uncertain. But what has been seen so far seems to be different from other ancient tombs in the same area.
The local archaeologist Mícheál Ó Coileáin told RTE: “Considering its location, direction and existence of the slab, your initial idea is that this is a tomb from the Bronze Age.” “But the design of this particular tomb is similar to what we have here. No other Bronze Age cemetery is the same.”
Archaeologist Breandán Ó Cíobháin told RTE that one of the characteristics that can help determine its age is its location.
He said: “In southwestern Ireland, we have a lot of wedge-shaped tombs, especially in Cork and Kerry.” “Most people usually face west and southwest. The reason is not clear, but it may represent the arrangement of celestial bodies or the moon. …However, since most of this particular tomb is still hidden underground, it is difficult to fully evaluate its layout.”
There are thousands of monuments and ancient tombs in Ireland. The most famous is the aisle tomb in Newgrange, about 25 miles (40 kilometers) north of Dublin by the Boyne River. The tomb is aligned so that the early winter sun shines into its internal passage and shines on it. Bright the deep room.
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Recent research found that People of the Bronze Age are buried in the Newgrange Tomb They are the sons of their parents, they may be brothers and sisters-this practice is not uncommon in ancient royal families.
Newgrange is just one of the many tombs in the area known as the World Heritage Brúna Bóinne Neolithic Cemetery. By UNESCO, The whole country is full of ancient megalithic structures.
Some of them date back more than 5,000 years ago Stonehenge The oldest pyramid in England and Egypt.
Originally published in “Life Science”.